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IMPACT OF STAGNATION TIME ON METAL DISSOLUTION FROM PLUMBING MATERIALS IN DRINKING WATER
Lytle*, D A. AND M R. Schock*. IMPACT OF STAGNATION TIME ON METAL DISSOLUTION FROM PLUMBING MATERIALS IN DRINKING WATER. Gimbel, R., Edgwald, J., Suzuki, M. (ed.), AQUA - JOURNAL OF WATER SUPPLY RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY. IWA Publishing, London, Uk, 49(5):243-257, (2000).
Studies were conducted to evaluate the impact of stagnation period on the metal dissolution from plumbing materials including lead, copper and brass. Experimental data showed that metal levels increased exponentially with time, with the sharpest increase occurring over the first 20 to 24 hours. Metal levels may continue to increase following well beyond 24 hours of stagnation. Copper levels increased until dissolved oxygen fell below 1 mg/L after which copper levels fell. Results showed that stagnation behavior is complex in nature, difficult to predict and dependent on water chemistry. Experimental data fit well to a radial diffusion model when a diffusion barrier term is considered.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY
WATER SUPPLY AND WATER RESOURCES DIVISION
TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY EVALUATION BRANCH