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Linking science and policy to prevent the spread of invasive species from the ballast water discharge of ships
FRAZIER, M. R., A. W. Miller, AND G. Ruiz. Linking science and policy to prevent the spread of invasive species from the ballast water discharge of ships. ECOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS. Ecological Society of America, Ithaca, NY, 23(2):287-288, (2013).
Huamn activites are causing the global redistribution of species at a historically unprecedented rates. In marine environments, a major vector of nonindigenous species introduction is commercial shipping, including the ballast water of ocean going vessels. The introduction of nonindigenous species is recognized as one of the major environmental stressors of aquatic ecosystems.
introduction to series of papers
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LAB
WESTERN ECOLOGY DIVISION
PACIFIC COASTAL ECOLOGY BRANCH