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INDIVIDUAL EFFECTS OF ESTROGENS ON A MARINE FISH, CUNNER (TAUTOGOLABRUS ADSPERSUS), EXTRAPOLATED TO POPULATION LEVEL
GutjahrGobell, R E., G Zaroogian, D B. Horowitz, T R. Gleason, AND L J. Mills. INDIVIDUAL EFFECTS OF ESTROGENS ON A MARINE FISH, CUNNER (TAUTOGOLABRUS ADSPERSUS), EXTRAPOLATED TO POPULATION LEVEL. ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY. Elsevier Science Ltd, New York, NY, 63:244-252, (2006).
Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) in the environment may alter the population dynamics of wildlife by affecting reproductive output. This study describes a matrix modeling approach to link laboratory studies on endocrine disruption with potential ecological effects. The experimental model used is cunner (Tautogolabrus adspersus), which inhabit estuarine and marine areas where sewage treatment and other discharges containing estrogenic EDCs are likely. To test the effects of estrogenic exposures on fecundity, reproductively active cunner were exposed in three separate experiments by implanting 17b-estradiol, estrone or 17a-ethynylestradiol subcutaneously in a slow-release matrix at 0.05, 0.5 and 2.5 mg/kg. Egg production per gram female and egg viability were determined daily for a one week pre-exposure period and then for a two week exposure period. The mean number of eggs produced per gram female and egg viability (%) were calculated for the initial pre-exposure period and the two week exposure period for each experiment. A significant change was observed in egg production per gram female in the high 17b-estradiol treatment (-26.7%; p<0.07) and high 17a-ethynylestradiol treatment (-38.7%; p<0.04). A significant increase was observed in egg viability (%) in the low 17a-ethynylestradiol treatment (39.0%; p<0.05). Cunner population response was projected using an age-structured matrix population model parameterized with published survival and fecundity estimates. By incorporating reproductive response data from laboratory exposures, model projections were used to describe how reproductive changes by estrogen treatment could alter cunner population growth rate (?).
This study describes a matrix modeling approach to link laboratory studies on endocrine disruption with potential ecological effects.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LAB
ATLANTIC ECOLOGY DIVISION
POPULATION ECOLOGY BRANCH