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PERFORMANCE AND UPGRADING OF WASTEWATER STABILIZATION PONDS
Middlebrooks, E., D. Falkenborg, AND R. Lewis. PERFORMANCE AND UPGRADING OF WASTEWATER STABILIZATION PONDS. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C., EPA/600/9-79/011.
The proceedings contain 18 papers discussing and describing the design, operation, performance, and upgrading of lagoon systems. Performance data for facultative and aerated lagoons collected at numerous sites throughout the USA are presented. Design criteria and the applicability of performance data to design equations are discussed. Rock filters, intermittent sand filters, microscreening and other physical-chemical techniques, phase isolation, land application, and controlled environment aquaculture were evaluated as methods applicable to upgrading lagoon effluents. The proceedings conclude with a presentation on the costs associated with the construction, operation and maintenance of lagoon systems.