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RESPIRATORY SYMPTOMS AND RISK FACTORS IN AN ARIZONA POPULATION SAMPLE OF ANGLO AND MEXICAN-AMERICAN WHITES
DiPede, C., G. Viegi, J. Quackenboss, P. Boyer-Pfersdorf, AND M. Lebowitz. RESPIRATORY SYMPTOMS AND RISK FACTORS IN AN ARIZONA POPULATION SAMPLE OF ANGLO AND MEXICAN-AMERICAN WHITES. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C., EPA/600/J-91/165 (NTIS PB91231332), 1991.
Prevalence rates of respiratory symptoms and diseases in a large group of Anglos and Mexican-Americans were analyzed. ach subject completed a questionnaire. mong current smokers, chronic productive cough and dyspnea were significantly higher in both ethnic groups; wheezy symptoms were higher in Anglos. here were no significant differences in the symptom prevalence rates between the two groups, after stratifying y current cigarette consumption and CRT. he spirometric values were not significantly different. n both ethnic groups, the prevalence rates of wheeze, SOBWHZ and asthma were significantly higher In those who had CRT. mong Anglos, less educated smokers had significantly higher prevalence rates of SOBWHZ and dyspnea; nonsmokers with less education had higher prevalence rates of cough, chronic cough and dyspnea. ur results confirm the importance of CRT and lower educational level as risk factors for respiratory symptoms. thnicity is not associated with symptomatology or lung function impairment. CRT=childhood respiratory trouble; SOBWHZ=attacks of shortness of breath with wheeze; AOD=airways obstructive diseases; NIH=National Institutes of Health; FVC=forced vital capacity; ATS=American Thoracic Society; FEV=forced respiratory volume in 1 s; ANOVA=analysis of variance; FEF25-75%=mean forced expiratory flow during the middle half of the FVC; SES=socioeconomic status; Vmax5O%=instantaneous forced expiratory flow when the lung is at 50% of its forces viral capacity.