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U.S. - India Collaboration on Air Quality and Climate Research and Education
ANEJA, V., A. Aiyyer, A. HANNA, U. SHANKAR, Z. Adelman, S. ARUNACHALAM, S. T. RAO, R. MATHUR, D. MOBLEY, V. Ramaswamy, V. Krishna, V. Manickam, M. P. Singh, J. Biswas, AND E. Upadhyay. U.S. - India Collaboration on Air Quality and Climate Research and Education. EM: AIR AND WASTE MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION'S MAGAZINE FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGERS. Air & Waste Management Association, Pittsburgh, PA, March(3):30-36, (2012).
The National Exposure Research Laboratory′s (NERL′s) Atmospheric Modeling and Analysis Division (AMAD) conducts research in support of EPA′s mission to protect human health and the environment. AMAD′s research program is engaged in developing and evaluating predictive atmospheric models on all spatial and temporal scales for forecasting the Nation′s air quality and for assessing changes in air quality and air pollutant exposures, as affected by changes in ecosystem management and regulatory decisions. AMAD is responsible for providing a sound scientific and technical basis for regulatory policies based on air quality models to improve ambient air quality. The models developed by AMAD are being used by EPA, NOAA, and the air pollution community in understanding and forecasting not only the magnitude of the air pollution problem, but also in developing emission control policies and regulations for air quality improvements.
With partial support from the U.s. National Science Foundation and U.S. Department of Energy, a workshop held March 14 - 24,2011, in India, brought together experts from the United States and India (among other countries) with a common vision for identifying priority areas of research and development in the air quality-climate arena, and a commitment to sustaining long-term Indo-U.s. collaboration. The workshop began with three days of invited lectures and presentations. This was followed by a seven-day hands-on training on a publicly available suite of numerical atmospheric models that are used worldwide in a variety of air quality applications, from basic research to local- and regional level planning and management. Such models are useful for assessing the nature and magnitude of air pollution, and are helpful in formulating innovative emission control policies. The training included concepts of atmospheric chemistry and physics, the Sparse Matrix Operator Kemel Emissions (SMOKE) model, the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model, and the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) model. The workshop helped improve understanding of the emission sources and meteorological conditions that contribute to regional- and urban-scale air quality and climate issues of relevance to protecting public health and the environment in India. The workshop was Phase I of a two-phase joint U.Sair -India research initiative. Phase II will improve scientific understanding of air quality and climate in the region, with emphases on assessing the future of air quality in the tropics and on linkages between air quality and climate change.
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