Related Topics: Water Research

Water Research Products in the Science Inventory

Records 1 to 25 of 1191

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Releasing Scientific Software in GitHub: A Case Study on SWMM2PEST (PRESENTATION)
Release engineering involves the activities of code development, integration, testing, and software delivery. It has been widely applied to deliver software of high-quality to users. Researchers have made considerable efforts to software release engineering and its continuous u...
Watershed Management Optimization Support Tool (WMOST): Cost-effective integrated water management (PRESENTATION)
The purpose of the workshop is to introduce participants to the concept of integrated water resource management (IWRM) and to train federal, state, tribal, municipal/utility, nongovernmental organizations, and consultants in the use and applications of EPA's Watershed Management ...
Defining freshwater as a natural resource: a framework linking water use to the area of protection natural resources (JOURNAL)
Purpose While many examples have shown unsustainable use of freshwater resources, existing LCIA methods for water use do not comprehensively address impacts to natural resources for future generations. This framework aims to (1) define freshwater resource as an item to protect w...
Further Analysis of Loss of Ignition in Bioretention Units at the Edison Environmental Center (PRESENTATION)
Bioretention units (widths 7.1 m) were constructed at EPA’s Edison Environmental Center to evaluate sizing of surface area to watershed area. Three sizes were tested in duplicate with changes in aspect ratio of length from inlet (northern) wall by doubling successive length from ...
A Geospatial Assessment of Flood Vulnerability Reduction by Freshwater Wetlands – A Benefit Indicators Approach (JOURNAL)
Flooding is among the most common and costly natural disasters in the United States. It has been on the rise as flood mitigating habitats are lost, development places more people and infrastructure potentially at risk, and changing rainfall results in altered flood frequency. Acr...
Green Infrastructure 101 - Totowa, NJ (PRESENTATION)
This presentation reviews regulatory environment and historical background of stormwater problems and causes to runoff (impervious cover). It then describes several case studies of stormwater controls with water quantity and quality data.Also presented are links to past studies.
Development of a runoff trading system to meet watershed-level stormwater management goals with parcel-level green infrastructure (PRESENTATION)
Green infrastructure (GI) has been recommended and adopted widely to reduce runoff from the built environment. Reliance on public land for GI implementation causes a heavy financial burden on local government as they manage stormwater. Economic incentives and market-based mechan...
Aligning Scales in Social and Environmental Elements of Urban Green Infrastructure (PRESENTATION)
A common intended function of green infrastructure is management of urban ecosystem water cycles. The shape of land, specifically its hillslopes, within watersheds regulates the movement of water from uplands to streams. Thus, managing water cycling within watersheds requires wor...
Life cycle assessment of a rainwater harvesting system compared with an AC condensate harvesting system (JOURNAL)
This study presents a life cycle assessment (LCA) of a rainwater harvesting (RWH) system and an air-conditioning condensate harvesting (ACH) system for non-potable water reuse. U.S. commercial buildings were reviewed to design rooftop RWH and ACH systems for one- to multi-story b...
Regenerative Stormwater Conveyance (RSC) for reducing nutrients in urban stormwater runoff depends upon carbon quantity and quality (JOURNAL)
Regenerative stormwater conveyance (RSC), a relatively new stormwater management approach, is extensively implemented throughout the mid-Atlantic for nutrient control, but little is known of its pollutant reduction capabilities and controlling factors. This study examined effects...
Exposure Pathways to High-Consequence Pathogens in the Wastewater Collection and Treatment Systems (PUBLISHED REPORT)
Report--Provides information and a screening tool to perform an exposure assessment for emerging pathogens in wastewater systems
Leveraging Ecosystem Services in Stormwater Management (PRESENTATION)
Developed areas have always had a need to manage their stormwater. As populations increase and more people move to urban areas, the challenge of managing stormwater has increased because of increased pollution and a penchant for developing lands. Under this growth and developme...
Leveraging ancillary benefits from urban greenspace with stormwater management (PRESENTATION)
Developed areas have always had a need to manage their stormwater. As populations increase and more people move to urban areas, the challenge of managing stormwater has increased because of increased pollution and a penchant for developing lands. Under this growth and developme...
Interdisciplinary Collaboration on Green Infrastructure for Urban Watershed Management: An Ohio Case Study (JOURNAL)
Abstract: Many older Midwestern cities of the United States are challenged by costly aging water infrastructure while working to revitalize urban areas. These cities developed much of their water infrastructure before the Clean Water Act became law and have struggled to mitigate ...
Phenology-adjusted dynamic curve number for improved hydrologic modeling (JOURNAL)
The Soil Conservation Service Curve Number (SCS-CN, or CN) is a widely used method to estimate runoff from rainfall events. It has been adapted to many parts of the world with different land uses, land cover types, and climatic conditions and successfully applied to situations ra...
USING BENEFIT INDICATOR TOOLS TO ASSESS WETLANDS RESTORATION AND CONSERVATION BASED ON WHO BENEFITS FROM REDUCED FLOOD RISK (PRESENTATION)
Flooding is among the most common and costly natural disasters in the United States and has been on the rise as flood mitigating habitats are lost, development places more people and infrastructure at risk, and changing climate increases flood frequency. Many communities are reco...
Comparing SWMM LID Module Results to Field Studies' Data (PRESENTATION)
Many urban infrastructure systems are operating beyond their original design life and will need to be upgraded, costing billions of dollars over many decades. Municipalities rely heavily on software such as the USEPA’s Storm Water Management Model (SWMM) to simulate stormw...
Introduction to EPA’s Watershed Management Optimization Support Tool (WMOST) (PRESENTATION)
Version 3 of EPA’s Watershed Management Optimization Support Tool (WMOST) was released in early 2018 (https://www.epa.gov/exposure-assessment-models/wmost). WMOST is designed to facilitate integrated water management among communities, utilities, watershed organizations, c...
AWRA 2018 Training Workshop: Watershed Management Optimization Support Tool (PRESENTATION)
The purpose of the workshop is to introduce participants to the concept of integrated water resource management (IWRM) and to train federal, state, tribal, municipal/utility, NGO, and consultants in the use and applications of EPA’s Watershed Management Optimization Support...
A 72-h exposure study with eastern oysters (Crassostrea virginica) and the nanomaterial graphene oxide (JOURNAL)
Graphene is a two-dimensional nanomaterial with unique mechanical, thermal, electrical, and optical properties. With increasing applications of graphene-family nanomaterials (GFNs) in numerous fields such as electronics, biomedicine, and surface coatings, concern for their impact...
Statistical Models to Predict and Assess Spatial and Temporal Low-Flow Variability in New England Rivers and Streams (JOURNAL)
In the northern hemisphere, summer low flows are a key attribute defining both quantity and quality of aquatic habitat. I developed one set of models for New England streams/rivers predicting July/August median flows averaged across 1985–2015 as a function of weather, slope...
Green Infrastructure Monitoring at Edison Environmental Center: Permeable Pavement and Rain Garden Demonstration Site (PRESENTATION)
The Environmental Protection Agency’s Edison Environmental Center (EEC) has a research and demonstration permeable parking lot comprised of three different permeable systems: permeable asphalt, pervious concrete and permeable interlocking concrete pavers. There is also an a...
U.S. EPA National Stormwater Calculator: City of Birmingham, AL. Demonstration (PRESENTATION)
Stormwater discharges continue to cause impairment of our Nation’s waterbodies. In order to reduce impairment, EPA has developed the National Stormwater Calculator (SWC) to help support local, state, and national stormwater management objectives and regulatory efforts to re...
Drainage Area Characterization for Evaluating Green Infrastructure using the Storm Water Management Model (JOURNAL)
Urban stormwater runoff quantity and quality are strongly dependent upon catchment properties. Models are used to simulate the runoff characteristics, but the output from a stormwater management model is dependent on how the catchment area is subdivided and represented as spatial...
The Science of Sustainability? Scaling the interaction between Resilience and Robustness (PRESENTATION)
The failure of social-ecological systems to be robust to changing conditions points to a need to better understand ecosystem response and ecological resilience as a guide to ensure sustainability of ecosystem service provision. While a systems-level understanding of resilience ma...
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