Related Topics: Land and Waste Management Research

Land and Waste Management Research Products in the Science Inventory

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Records 1 to 25 of 2477

Design thinking for resilience
(PRESENTATION) [Presented : Jul 15, 2020]
Proposed session for the 2020 Natural Hazards workshop. Participants include researchers, federal, state, and local governments, and other organizations involved with disaster preparedness, mitigation, response, and recovery.
Decontamination Options for Indoor Surfaces Contaminated with Realistic Fentanyl Preparations
(JOURNAL) [To be published : Nov 01, 2021]
The significant increase in illegal use of the synthetic opioid fentanyl is leading to unintentional overdose fatalities. Spills of fentanyl where it is abused or prepared for illegal distribution can result in persistent contamination of areas. Remediation can be attempted throu...
Evaluation of electrostatic sprayers and foggers for the application of disinfectants in the era of SARS-CoV-2
(JOURNAL) [Published : Sep 30, 2021]
Although research has shown that the COVID-19 disease is most likely caused by airborne transmission of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, disinfection of potentially contaminated surfaces is also recommended to limit the spread of the disease. Use of electrostatic sprayers (ESS) and foggers ...
The Effects of Contaminant Aging on Decontamination Efficacy for Rapid Remediation of Concrete Surfaces – 20412
(PAPER IN NON-EPA PROCEEDINGS) [Published : Mar 12, 2020]
In this work, we evaluated the decontamination efficacy of two decontamination methods on concrete samples contaminated with soluble cesium-137 (Cs-137) and silica particles with 0.5-μm and 2-μm diameters.
EPA’s Suite of Tools for Managing Waste Following a Large-Scale Incident
(PAPER IN NON-EPA PROCEEDINGS) [Published : Mar 07, 2019]
Large-scale disasters have the potential to generate a significant amount of waste. For example, Hurricane Katrina and the Joplin Missouri tornado resulted in 100 million and 1.5 million cubic yards of waste respectfully. Man-made chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear (CB...
Regional Temperature-Ozone Relationships Across the U.S. Under Multiple Climate and Emissions Scenarios
(JOURNAL) [Published : Oct 05, 2021]
The potential effects of 21st century climate change on ozone (O3) concentrations in the United States are investigated using global climate simulations to drive higher-resolution regional meteorological and chemical transport models. Community Earth System Model (CESM) and Coupl...
Compressing the Recovery Timeline for an Urban Contamination Event -19539
(PAPER IN NON-EPA PROCEEDINGS) [Published : Mar 07, 2019]
The study was devised to connect emergency management and homeland security offices at the city, state, and federal agencies and discuss the availability and potential response capabilities of equipment reserves. This project focused on connecting with relevant emergency manageme...
Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS): Monitoring and Management in the United States of America
(PRESENTATION) [Presented : Jan 14, 2021]
Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are a large class of man-made chemicals generally consisting of chains of carbon atoms surrounded by varying numbers fluorine atoms. PFAS are widely used throughout the world in industrial processes and consumer products. Some PFAS are k...
Evaluating efficacy of UVC light for inactivation of SARS-CoV-2, MS2, and Phi6 on surfaces
(PRESENTATION) [Presented : Jun 24, 2021]
Motivated by the COVID-19 pandemic, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is conducting research to evaluate the efficacy of devices to inactivate SARS-CoV-2 on surfaces in addition or as an alternative to chemical-based disinfectants. Devices that emit ultravio...
Evaluating Surface Washing Agent Performance
(PRESENTATION) [Presented : May 15, 2020]
The SWA effectiveness (SWAE) of 15 products (conducted and reported blind) listed on the NCP Product Schedule was evaluated by applying oil to a sand substrate, allowing time for the oil to adhere to the substrate, treating with SWA, and washing with artificial seawater to releas...
COVID-19 Research Update – Evaluation of Antimicrobial Coatings
(PRESENTATION) [Presented : Feb 01, 2021]
Data summary slides for testing conducted to-date with Phi6. Evaluation of antimicrobial coatings, supporting MTA/TTA partners and stakeholders
EPA’s Geospatial Tools for Managing Large Volumes of Radiological Waste
(PAPER IN NON-EPA PROCEEDINGS) [Published : Mar 11, 2021]
Large-scale disasters have the potential to generate a significant amount of waste. For example, Hurricane Katrina and the Joplin Missouri tornado resulted in 100 million and 1.5 million cubic yards of waste, respectively. Man-made chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear (...
Decontamination of Bacillus Spores with Formaldehyde Vapor under Varied Environmental Conditions
(JOURNAL) [Published : Sep 13, 2021]
This study investigated formaldehyde decontamination efficacy against dried Bacillus spores on porous and non-porous test surfaces, under various environmental conditions. This knowledge will help responders determine effective formaldehyde exposure parameters in to decontaminat...
Remediation Options for Fentanyl Contaminated Indoor Environments
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Aug 20, 2021]
This report assesses decontamination options for fentanyl contaminated building materials as well as responder gear and personal protective equipment related materials. This report builds on a previous fentanyl decontamination efficacy study that looked at other decontaminants. T...
AnCOR Task 2.1 Phase I Modeling Report: Fate and Transport of Spores on Outdoor Surfaces
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Jun 25, 2021]
This report focused on researching United States Coast Guard (USCG) stormwater systems to summarize differences in meteorological/terrain features and operations of USCG assets by location. This information was used to develop a modeling framework that identified which hydrodynam...
Development of Rapid Viability-Reverse Transcriptase PCR (RV-RTPCR) Method for Detection of Infectious SARS-CoV-2 from Environmental Samples
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Sep 24, 2021]
This report describes the development of a Rapid Viability-Reverse Transcriptase PCR (RV-RTPCR) method for detection of infectious (live) virus (SARS-CoV-2) that causes COVID-19. The EPA-ORD’s Homeland Security Research Program (HSRP), in collaboration with the Department of Ener...
Silver Nanoparticle Interactions with Surfactant-Based Household Surface Cleaners
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jun 11, 2021]
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are the most widely used engineered nanomaterials in consumer products, primarily due to their antimicrobial properties. This widespread usage has resulted in concerns regarding potential adverse environmental impacts and increased probability of huma...
Water on Wheels (WOW) Mobile Emergency Water Treatment System Cart
(COMMUNICATION PRODUCT) [Published : Sep 13, 2021]
Most emergency water treatment systems are large and expensive tractor-trailer mounted systems. They can be complicated to operate and maintain (high pressures and concentrated wastes) given their reliance on reverse osmosis water treatment technology. An emergency water treatmen...
Evaluation of a Modified Rapid Viability-Polymerase Chain Reaction Method for Bacillus atrophaeus Spores in Water Matrices
(JOURNAL) [Published : Sep 09, 2021]
A rapid method that provides information on the viability of organisms is needed to protect public health and ensure that remediation efforts following a release of a biological agent are effective. The rapid viability-polymerase chain reaction (RV-PCR) method combines broth cult...
Characterizing Dispersion Effectiveness at Varying Salinities
(PRESENTATION) [Presented : May 13, 2021]
Chemical dispersant formulations typically provide maximum oil dispersion in waters between 30-40 ppt (parts per thousand) salt content, which encompasses typical ocean salinity (~34 ppt). As a result, most laboratory studies of oil dispersion effectiveness (DE) are conducted at ...
Emerging Issues in Food Waste Management: Plastic Contamination
(EXTRAMURAL DOCUMENT) [Published : Aug 17, 2021]
Wasted food is a major global environmental, social, and economic challenge. To reduce the environmental impact of food waste, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) encourages composting and anaerobic digestion, among other strategies, in lieu of landfilling and incinera...
ASTSWMO Conversation: Indicators of Community Vulnerability to Extreme Events: Considering Sites and Waste Management Facilities
(PRESENTATION) [Presented : Aug 04, 2021]
ORD will be informally meeting with a few members of the Brownfields Focus Group of ASTSWMO (from DC, WV, LA, and WA) to discuss how their Brownfields programs are considering resilience to extreme weather events (i.e., floods, extreme heat, droughts, wildfires) in Brownfields re...
Persistence of Biological and Radiological Contaminants on Wastewater Collection System Infrastructure
(SUMMARY) [Published : May 26, 2021]
This tech brief will summaize the available information on the persistence of biological and radiological agents on wastewater (collection system) infrastructure and decontamination information (if available). It will also summarize data on the fate of radionulcides in wastewater...
Alternatives for Disposition of Electronics Planning Tool (ADEPT)
(DATA/SOFTWARE) [Published : Aug 01, 2019]
ADEPT is built in an Excel workbook, with several supporting worksheets used in the calculation of waste generation at various stages in reuse, recycling, and end of life. Overview information is provided in this section and example runs of ADEPT are included in Section 4. This d...
ORD Oil Spill Response Support Research Update
(PRESENTATION) [Presented : Feb 25, 2021]
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Homeland Security Research Program (HSRP) aims to increase United States’ capabilities to prepare for and respond to releases of oil and hazardous substances into the environment. HSRP’s innovative rese...