Related Topics: Health Research

Health Research Products in the Science Inventory

Records 1 to 25 of 3802

Characterizing Air Quality in a Rapidly Changing World (JOURNAL)
The purpose of this paper is to 1) highlight projects collecting large volumes of unique air quality data; 2) explore how the collection of big data fits into the overall picture of air quality management and characterization; 3) provide an update on the E-Enterprise advanced mon...
Overview and Demonstration of USEPA’s Risk-Informed Materials Management (RIMM) Tool System (PRESENTATION)
The Risk-Informed Materials Management (RIMM) Tool System is a data gathering and analysis platform for conducting material disposal and beneficial use assessments. Users can evaluate risks to human and ecological receptors associated with exposures to organic and inorganic chemi...
Barriers and Opportunities for the Use of Alternative Technologies to Reduce Nitrogen in Coastal Estuaries (PRESENTATION)
In coastal New England, many communities wrestling with nitrogen over-enrichment from insufficient wastewater management are considering alternative technologies to supplement traditional sewering technology. In particular, communities on Cape Cod, Massachusetts are actively comp...
High-throughput exposure modeling to support prioritization of chemicals in personal care products (JOURNAL)
We demonstrate the application of a high-throughput modeling framework to estimate exposure to chemicals used in personal care products (PCPs). As a basis for estimating exposure, we use the product intake fraction (PiF), defined as the mass of chemical taken by an individual or ...
Assessing sediment quality in the Great Lakes Connecting Channels using National Coastal Condition Assessment protocol (PRESENTATION)
The EPA Office of Water’s National Coastal Condition Assessment (NCCA) helps satisfy the assessment and antidegradation provisions of the Clean Water Actby estimating water, sediment, and benthic quality conditions in the Great Lakes nearshore on a five-year cycle starting ...
Application of a structured decision making process for nitrogen pollution management on Cape Cod (PRESENTATION)
Significant release of reactive nitrogen into coastal water bodies has resulted in declining water quality in Southern New England. The Three Bays Preservation Association, in collaboration with the Cape Cod Commission, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and local water resou...
SETAC: Science for Everyone Takes Activities and Comedy (PRESENTATION)
We have all been there: the presenter is droning on, putting up facts and figures and equations, and speaking in an almost inhuman monotone. To survive, you read your email under your desk and send “sleepy” emojis to the person next to you. We have all also been to ta...
PPARα-independent transcriptional targets of perfluoroalkyl acids revealed by transcript profiling (JOURNAL)
Perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) are ubiquitous and persistent environmental contaminants. Compounds such as perfluoroocanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), and perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS) are readily found in the tissues of humans...
Leachate water quality of soils amended with different swine manure-based amendments (JOURNAL)
In the face of the rising level of manure production from concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs), management options are being sought that can provide nutrient recycling for plant growth and improved soil conditions with minimal environmental impacts. Alternatives to dire...
Critical Review of Elementary Flows in LCA data (JOURNAL)
Purpose Elementary flows are essential components of data used for life cycle assessment. A standard list is not used across all sources, as data providers now manage these flows independently. Elementary flows must be consistent across a life cycle inventory for accurate invento...
The State of the Practice of Construction and Demolition Material Recovery (PUBLISHED REPORT)
The C&D recovery industry continues to grow. Some components (e.g., concrete) are commonly recovered for existing economic reasons. Other elements―especially those with low market value and that frequently require processing to separate them from the rest of the C&D stream―remain...
Connecting nitrogen deposition and Final Ecosystem Goods and Services for air quality standards review (JOURNAL)
There has been a great deal of effort to document changes in ecosystem structure and function in response to increasing or decreasing N deposition, yet less work connects the specific effects on the value to people of these changes in the ecosystem. Although there are studies ta...
Characterization of Air Manganese Exposure Estimates for Residents in Two Ohio Towns (JOURNAL)
This study was conducted to derive receptor-specific outdoor exposure concentrations of total suspended particulate (TSP) and respirable (dae ≤1O µm) air manganese (air-Mn) for East Liverpool and Marietta (Ohio) in the absence of facility emissions data, but where long-term air m...
Surveillance for Waterborne Disease Outbreaks Associated with Drinking Water — United States 2011-2012 (JOURNAL)
Advances in water management and sanitation have reduced waterborne disease in the United States, although outbreaks continue to occur. Public health agencies in the U.S. states and territories* report information on waterborne disease outbreaks to the CDC Waterborne Disease and ...
Evaluating weathering of food packaging polyethylene-nano-clay composites: Release of nanoparticles and their impacts (JOURNAL)
Nano-fillers are increasingly incorporated into polymeric materials to improve the mechanical, barrier or other matrix properties of nanocomposites used for consumer and industrial applications. However, over the life cycle, these nanocomposites could degrade due to exposure to e...
Performance of Anaerobic Biotrickling Filter and Its Microbial Diversity for the Removal of Stripped Disinfection By-products (JOURNAL)
The objective of this research was to evaluate the biodegradation of chloroform by using biotrickling filter (BTF) and determining the dominant bacteria responsible for the degradation. The research was conducted in three phases under anaerobic condition, namely, in the presence ...
Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) Data-Treatment Chemicals, Construction Materials, Transportation, On-site Equipment, and other Processes for Use in Spreadsheets for Environmental Footprint Analysis (SEFA): Revised Addition (PUBLISHED REPORT)
This report estimates environmental emission factors (EmF) for key chemicals, construction and treatment materials, transportation/on-site equipment, and other processes used at remediation sites. The basis for chemical, construction, and treatment material EmFs is life cycle inv...
Site Characterization and Monitoring Technical Support Center FY16 Report (PUBLISHED REPORT)
SCMTSC’s primary goal is to provide technical assistance to regional programs on complex hazardous waste site characterization issues. This annual report illustrates the range and extent of projects that SCMTSC supported in FY 2016. Our principal audiences are site project manage...
A simple, dynamic, hydrological model of a mesotidal salt marsh (PRESENTATION)
Salt marsh hydrology presents many difficulties from a modeling standpoint: the bi-directional flows of tidal waters, variable water densities due to mixing of fresh and salt water, significant influences from vegetation, and complex stream morphologies. Because of these difficu...
CMAQ modeling in the nitrogen inventory study in the Nooksack-Abbotsford-Sumas Transboundary Region (PRESENTATION)
Optimizing nitrogen (N) use for food production while minimizing the release of N and co-pollutants to the environment is an important challenge. The Nooksack-Abbotsford-Sumas Transboundary (NAS) Region, spanning a portion of the western interface of British Columbia, Washington...
The incorporation of toxicity testing into the assessment and management of effluents and contaminated sediments (PRESENTATION)
Following the initial push during the 1970’s to develop numerical water quality criteria for many environmental contaminants, it became clear that the protection of surface waters from chemicals in municipal and industrial effluents would require more than just criteria for...
Developing sediment remediation goals at superfund sites based on pore water for the protection of benthic organisms from direct toxicity to non-ionic organic contaminants (presentation) (PRESENTATION)
Passive sampling is becoming a frequently used measurement technique at Superfund sites with contaminated sediments. Passive sampling measures the concentrations of freely dissolved chemicals (Cfrees) in the sediment pore water. Cfree has been found to be a very practical means f...
Water recovery from brines and salt-saturated solutions: operability and thermodynamic efficiency considerations for desalination technologies (JOURNAL)
This review provides an overview of desalination technologies and discusses the thermodynamic efficiencies and operational issues associated with the various technologies particularly with regard to high salinity streams. When water is recovered from a saline source, a brine conc...
Low-Cost Sensor POD Design Considerations (JOURNAL)
Public concern about air quality is growing in communities around the globe as citizens learn more about the potential health effects of the air they breathe.1 Air quality monitoring has often been restricted to organizations administering Federal Reference Method (FRM) or Federa...
Engineering Technical Support Center Annual Report Fiscal Year 2016 (PUBLISHED REPORT)
This report highlights significant projects that the ETSC supported in fiscal year 2016. These projects have addressed an array of environmental scenarios, including, but not limited to remote mining contamination, expansive landfill waste, cumulative impacts from multiple contam...