Related Topics: Health Research

Health Research Products in the Science Inventory

Records 1 to 25 of 1438

Characterizing Air Quality in a Rapidly Changing World (JOURNAL)
The purpose of this paper is to 1) highlight projects collecting large volumes of unique air quality data; 2) explore how the collection of big data fits into the overall picture of air quality management and characterization; 3) provide an update on the E-Enterprise advanced mon...
Overview and Demonstration of USEPA’s Risk-Informed Materials Management (RIMM) Tool System (PRESENTATION)
The Risk-Informed Materials Management (RIMM) Tool System is a data gathering and analysis platform for conducting material disposal and beneficial use assessments. Users can evaluate risks to human and ecological receptors associated with exposures to organic and inorganic chemi...
High-throughput exposure modeling to support prioritization of chemicals in personal care products (JOURNAL)
We demonstrate the application of a high-throughput modeling framework to estimate exposure to chemicals used in personal care products (PCPs). As a basis for estimating exposure, we use the product intake fraction (PiF), defined as the mass of chemical taken by an individual or ...
Leachate water quality of soils amended with different swine manure-based amendments (JOURNAL)
In the face of the rising level of manure production from concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs), management options are being sought that can provide nutrient recycling for plant growth and improved soil conditions with minimal environmental impacts. Alternatives to dire...
Critical Review of Elementary Flows in LCA data (JOURNAL)
Purpose Elementary flows are essential components of data used for life cycle assessment. A standard list is not used across all sources, as data providers now manage these flows independently. Elementary flows must be consistent across a life cycle inventory for accurate invento...
The State of the Practice of Construction and Demolition Material Recovery (PUBLISHED REPORT)
The C&D recovery industry continues to grow. Some components (e.g., concrete) are commonly recovered for existing economic reasons. Other elements―especially those with low market value and that frequently require processing to separate them from the rest of the C&D stream―remain...
Connecting nitrogen deposition and Final Ecosystem Goods and Services for air quality standards review (JOURNAL)
There has been a great deal of effort to document changes in ecosystem structure and function in response to increasing or decreasing N deposition, yet less work connects the specific effects on the value to people of these changes in the ecosystem. Although there are studies ta...
Characterization of Air Manganese Exposure Estimates for Residents in Two Ohio Towns (JOURNAL)
This study was conducted to derive receptor-specific outdoor exposure concentrations of total suspended particulate (TSP) and respirable (dae ≤1O µm) air manganese (air-Mn) for East Liverpool and Marietta (Ohio) in the absence of facility emissions data, but where long-term air m...
Evaluating weathering of food packaging polyethylene-nano-clay composites: Release of nanoparticles and their impacts (JOURNAL)
Nano-fillers are increasingly incorporated into polymeric materials to improve the mechanical, barrier or other matrix properties of nanocomposites used for consumer and industrial applications. However, over the life cycle, these nanocomposites could degrade due to exposure to e...
Performance of Anaerobic Biotrickling Filter and Its Microbial Diversity for the Removal of Stripped Disinfection By-products (JOURNAL)
The objective of this research was to evaluate the biodegradation of chloroform by using biotrickling filter (BTF) and determining the dominant bacteria responsible for the degradation. The research was conducted in three phases under anaerobic condition, namely, in the presence ...
Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) Data-Treatment Chemicals, Construction Materials, Transportation, On-site Equipment, and other Processes for Use in Spreadsheets for Environmental Footprint Analysis (SEFA): Revised Addition (PUBLISHED REPORT)
This report estimates environmental emission factors (EmF) for key chemicals, construction and treatment materials, transportation/on-site equipment, and other processes used at remediation sites. The basis for chemical, construction, and treatment material EmFs is life cycle inv...
Water recovery from brines and salt-saturated solutions: operability and thermodynamic efficiency considerations for desalination technologies (JOURNAL)
This review provides an overview of desalination technologies and discusses the thermodynamic efficiencies and operational issues associated with the various technologies particularly with regard to high salinity streams. When water is recovered from a saline source, a brine conc...
Low-Cost Sensor POD Design Considerations (JOURNAL)
Public concern about air quality is growing in communities around the globe as citizens learn more about the potential health effects of the air they breathe.1 Air quality monitoring has often been restricted to organizations administering Federal Reference Method (FRM) or Federa...
Engineering Technical Support Center Annual Report Fiscal Year 2016 (PUBLISHED REPORT)
This report highlights significant projects that the ETSC supported in fiscal year 2016. These projects have addressed an array of environmental scenarios, including, but not limited to remote mining contamination, expansive landfill waste, cumulative impacts from multiple contam...
Estimating environmental co-benefits of U.S. GHG reduction pathways using the GCAM-USA Integrated Assessment Model (A&WMA Presentation) (PRESENTATION)
A variety of technological pathways lead to reduced greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. However, different pathways can have substantially different impacts on other environmental endpoints, such as air quality and energy-related water demand. In this study we use the Global Change ...
EPA's Incident Waste Management Planning and Response Tool (I-WASTE) (SUMMARY)
Technical brief
The Multi-Sector Sustainability Browser (MSSB): Planning and Developing Sustainability Initiatives Affecting Land Use (PRESENTATION)
The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Sustainable and Healthy Communities (SHC) Research Program develops methodologies, resources, and tools to assist local and regional community planners, community members, and local decision makers in implementing sustainabl...
Secondary Aluminum Processing Waste: Salt Cake Characterization and Reactivity (PUBLISHED REPORT)
Thirty-nine salt cake samples were collected from 10 SAP facilities across the U.S. The facilities were identified by the Aluminum Association to cover a wide range of processes. Results suggest that while the percent metal leached from the salt cake was relatively low, the leac...
Modeling Thermal Changes at Municipal Solid Waste Landfills: A Case Study of the Co-Disposal of Secondary Aluminum Processing Waste (PUBLISHED REPORT)
The reaction of secondary aluminum processing waste (referred herein to as salt cake) with water has been documented to produce heat and gases such as hydrogen, methane, and ammonia (US EPA 2015). The objective of this project was to assess the impact of salt cake disposal on MS...
Report on the 2016 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) International Decontamination Research and Development Conference (PUBLISHED REPORT)
Report and Appendices
Reducing emissions from freight transportation the “SmartWay” (JOURNAL)
How to Develop a Green Freight Program
The Multi-Sector Sustainability Browser (MSSB): A Tool for Understanding Sustainability (PRESENTATION)
The MSSB is the first and only decision support tool containing information from scientific literature and technical reports that can be used to develop and implement sustainability initiatives. The MSSB is designed to assist individuals and communities in understanding the impa...
Complete transformation of ZnO and CuO nanoparticles in culture medium and lymphocyte cells during toxicity testing (JOURNAL)
Here, we present evidence on complete transformation of ZnO and CuO nanoparticles, which are among the most heavily studied metal oxide particles, during 24 h <I>in vitro</I> toxicological testing with human T-lymphocytes. Synchrotron radiation-based X-ray absorption near edge st...
Waste Estimation Support Tool (WEST) (SUMMARY)
Tech Brief
Multi-Sector Sustainability Browser (MSSB) User Manual: A Decision Support Tool (DST) for Supporting Sustainability Efforts in Four Areas - Land Use, Transportation, Buildings and Infrastructure, and Materials Management (PUBLISHED REPORT)
EPA&rsquo;s Sustainable and Healthy Communities (SHC) Research Program is developing methodologies, resources, and tools to assist community members and local decision makers in implementing policy choices that facilitate sustainable approaches in managing their resources affecti...