Related Topics: Health Research

Health Research Products in the Science Inventory

Records 1 to 25 of 2268

Chloramination of Concentrated Drinking Water for Disinfection Byproduct Mixtures Creation- Indianapolis (PAPER IN NON-EPA PROCEEDINGS)
Complex mixtures of disinfection by-products (DBPs) are formed when the disinfectant oxidizes constituents (e.g., natural organic matter (NOM) and organic pollutants) found in the source water. Since 1974, over 600 DBPs have been identified in drinking water. Despite intense iden...
Ultrafine Particle Metrics and Research Considerations: Review of the 2015 UFP Workshop (PAPER IN NON-EPA PROCEEDINGS)
In February 2015, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) sponsored a workshop in Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA to review the current state of the science on emissions, air quality impacts, and health effects associated with exposures to ultrafine pa...
New technologies for in vitro aerosol exposures at air liquid interfaces (PRESENTATION)
Air pollution is a serious public health concern with local and global implications. Sometimes the effects of air pollution are distinct, and the causative pollutants can be easily identified and subsequently reduced. In many large cities, however, the cause-and-effect relationsh...
Overall environmental quality and lung cancer survival (PRESENTATION)
Lung cancer is one of the most prevalent and lethal cancers in the United States. While individual environmental exposures have been associated with lung cancer incidence, the impact of cumulative environmental exposures on survival is not understood. We used the U.S. Environment...
Critical Evaluation of Air-Liquid Interface Cell Exposure Systems for In Vitro Assessment of Atmospheric Pollutants## (PRESENTATION)
Conventional in vitro exposure studies of airborne pollutants involve, for example, the addition of particulate matter (PM) or PM extracts to the cell culture medium, or the bubbling of gases into the culture medium; these methods alter the pollutant’s physical and chemical...
Pitfalls, Caveats and Concerns: "What could possibly go wrong?" (PRESENTATION)
This presentation is part of a panel to discuss recently revised regulations for human subjects research. In particular, a new category of exempt research that involves "Limited IRB Review." The objectives for my component are to (1) highlight some of the potential pitf...
U.S. EPA Environmental Quality Index - Air Domain (PRESENTATION)
This is an invited presentation by Region 5, Air Office, who asked me to provide an overview of the Air Domain and health results associated with the Air Domain of the Environmental Quality Index. Region 5 is hosting an Air Toxics meeting for its member states (Ohio, Michigan, I...
Toxicity Screening of Volatile Chemicals Using a Novel Air-Liquid Interface In Vitro Exposure System (PRESENTATION)
Traditional in vitro dosing methods require, for example, the addition of particulate matter (PM), PM extracts, or chemicals in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) or water into cell culture medium. However, about 10% of chemicals nominated for study in the U.S Environmental Protection Age...
Application of a salivary immunoassay to assess waterborne Cryptosporidium infections in a prospective community study (PRESENTATION)
Background: Salivary antibody is a promising non-invasive biomarker of specific infections. This exploratory study used an in-house salivary immunoassay to assess waterborne transmission of Cryptosporidium. Methods: Families with children were followed during summer-early wint...
Human health effects and remotely sensed cyanobacteria (PRESENTATION)
Cyanobacteria blooms (HAB) pose a potential health risk to beachgoers, including HAB-associated gastrointestinal, respiratory and dermal illness. We conducted a prospective study of beachgoers at a Great Lakes beach during July – September, 2003. We recorded each participan...
Smoke Sense Demonstration at National Academies of Science Citizen Science Expo (PRESENTATION)
Exposure to wildland fire smoke can be sudden and unexpected, last hours to weeks, and affect communities that may or may not have a public health response plan to reduce the adverse impacts of smoke exposure. EPA is continuing to advance the science and technology required to u...
Smoke Sense: Citizen Science Study on Health Risk and Health Risk Communication During Wildfire Smoke Episodes (PRESENTATION)
Why do we need to communicate smoke impacts on health? Indicence and severity of large fires are increasing. As emissions from the Wildland fires produce air pollution that adversely impacts people's health, incidence and severity of large fires are increasing. As emissions fr...
Healthy Heart Collaboration and Developed Toolkit (PRESENTATION)
Impact: EPA is raising awareness of heart disease and its link to air pollution and other environmental factors as a partner in Million Hearts, a national initiative to prevent heart attacks and strokes. The talk will provide an up to date review of the evidence linking air poll...
Smoke Sense - A crowd sourced study of health impacts of wildland fire smoke exposures && (PRESENTATION)
11/21/2017 Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium (ANTHC) will host a webinar and teleconference for LEO Network Participants (LEO is a network of local observers and topic experts who share knowledge about unusual animal, environment and weather events). With LEO you can connect...
Cookstove Research Update - Health effects (PRESENTATION)
The topic by Jan Dye will focus on acute pulmonary and innate immunity health effects in mice inhaling cookstove emissions from natural draft or forced draft advanced stoves compared to a rudimentary three-stone fire.
The Consequences of Early Gestational Ozone Exposure On Uterine Arterial Flow And Placental Efficiency In Long-Evans Rats# (PRESENTATION)
Exposure to air pollutants during gestation have been epidemiologically linked to adverse pregnancy outcomes and impaired fetal growth. Despite this, limited experimental evidence exists on the toxicological impacts of ozone in pregnancy and fetal development. Pregnant Long-Evans...
The Consequences of Early Gestational Ozone Exposure On Uterine Arterial Flow And Placental Efficiency In Long-Evans Rats (PRESENTATION)
Exposure to air pollutants during gestation have been epidemiologically linked to adverse pregnancy outcomes and impaired fetal growth. Despite this, limited experimental evidence exists on the toxicological impacts of ozone in pregnancy and fetal development. Pregnant Long-Evans...
Exploring links between greenspace and sudden unexpected death: a spatial analysis (JOURNAL)
Greenspace has been increasingly recognized as having numerous health benefits. However, its effects are unknown concerning sudden unexpected death (SUD), commonly referred to as sudden cardiac death, which constitutes a large proportion of mortality in the United States. Because...
Associations Between Residential Proximity to Traffic and Vascular Disease in a Cardiac Catheterization Cohort (JOURNAL)
Objective: Exposure to mobile source emissions is nearly ubiquitous in developed nations, and is associated with multiple adverse health outcomes. There is an ongoing need to understand the specificity of traffic exposure associations with vascular outcomes, particularly in indi...
Chloramination of Concentrated Drinking Water: Evaluation of Disinfection Byproduct Formation and Dosing Scenarios - Portland (PAPER IN NON-EPA PROCEEDINGS)
Complex mixtures of disinfection by-products (DBPs) are formed when the disinfectant oxidizes constituents (e.g., natural organic matter (NOM) and organic pollutants) found in the source water. Since 1974, over 600 DBPs have been identified in drinking water. Despite intense iden...
Organohalogen Pollutants and Human Health (BOOK CHAPTER)
During the past century, a vast number of organic chemicals have been manufactured and used in industrial, agricultural, public health, consumer products and other applications. Widespread use of organohalogens, including chlorinated, brominated and fluorinated compounds, lead to...
Air Pollution Exposure Modeling for Epidemiology Studies and Public Health (PRESENTATION)
Air pollution epidemiology studies of ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) often use outdoor concentrations as exposure surrogates. These surrogates can induce exposure error since they do not account for (1) time spent indoors with ambient PM2.5 levels attenuated from outdoor...
Children's Environmental Health and Disease Prevention Research Centers Impact Report: Advances in protecting children's health where they live, learn, and play (PUBLISHED REPORT)
In 1997, EPA and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) partnered to form the Children's Environmental Health and Disease Prevention Research Centers. This impact report summarizes the history of the program, scientific findings since the program's incept...
Exhaled breath aerosol (EBA): the simplest non-invasive medium for public health and occupational exposure biomonitoring (JOURNAL)
Blood, breath and urine represent the three primary diagnostic fluids for assessing environmental exposures and human health state. Although there is overlap in biological media choice for many applications, each have their individual strategic and analytical advantages: Blood is...
Assessment of Variation in Microbial Community Amplicon Sequencing by the Microbiome Quality Control (MBQC) Project Consortium (JOURNAL)
Precision medicine has been made possible by the translation of ‘omics to the clinic, and human microbiome studies must likewise transition to applications in public health. This will require especially robust measurements and assimilation of data from multiple population-scale c...