Related Topics: Health Research

Health Research Products in the Science Inventory

Records 1 to 25 of 66

The health impacts and economic value of wildland fire episodes in the U.S.: 2008-2012 (JOURNAL)
Introduction: Wildland fires degrade regional air quality and adversely affect human health. A growing body of epidemiology literature report increased rates of emergency department, hospital admission and premature deaths from wildfire smoke exposure. Objective: Our research a...
A prospective study of marine phytoplankton and reported illness among recreational beachgoers in Puerto Rico, 2009 (JOURNAL)
BACKGROUND: Blooms of marine phytoplankton may adversely affect human health. The potential public health impact of low-level exposures is not well established, and few prospective cohort studies of recreational exposures to marine phytoplankton have been conducted.OBJECTIVE: We ...
Identification and prioritization of relationships between environmental stressor and adverse human health impacts (JOURNAL)
AbstractBackground: There are over 80,000 chemicals in commerce with little data available describing their impacts on human health. Biomonitoring surveys, such as the NHANES, offer one route to identifying possible relationships between environmental chemicals and health impacts...
Valuing Community Benefits of Final Ecosystem Goods and Services: Human Health and Ethnographic Approaches (PUBLISHED REPORT)
This report provides a summary of three of our research projects: 1) an evaluation of the quality of scientific evidence associating green spaces with health benefits, along with ensuing research in San Juan, Puerto Rico; 2) a Health Impact Assessment of a Long Island sewering pi...
Do Differences in Exposures Explain the Observed Heterogeneity in PM2.5 - Mortality Associations across U.S. cities? (PRESENTATION)
This analysis evaluates exposure factors as potential determinants of the heterogeneity in city-specific associations between PM2.5 and mortality. Exposure factor variables were created based on housing characteristics, commuting patterns, heating fuel usage, and climatic factors...
Human Exposure Model (HEM): A modular, web-based application to characterize near-field chemical exposures and releases (PRESENTATION)
The U.S. EPA’s Chemical Safety and Sustainability research program is developing the Human Exposure Model (HEM) to assess near-field exposures to chemicals that occur in various populations over the entire life cycle of a consumer product. The model will be implemented as a...
Community vulnerability to health impacts of wildland fire smoke exposure (JOURNAL)
Identifying communities vulnerable to adverse health effects from exposure to wildfire smoke may help prepare responses, increase the resilience to smoke and improve public health outcomes during smoke days. We developed a Community Health-Vulnerability Index (CHVI) based on fact...
Mitigating the Health Impact of Wildfire Smoke: Guidance for Health Professionals (PRESENTATION)
Abstract: Wildfire Webinar Focuses on Human Health Impacts. A Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Unit Webinar will be conducted on March 29th targeted to healthcare professionals responsible for the care of children. The content of the webinar for which healthcare provide...
Public Health Impact of Wildfire Emissions: Up-date on the Wildfire Smoke Guide, Public Health Information and Communications Research (PRESENTATION)
EPA Tools and Resources Webinar: Public Health Impact of Wildfire Smoke Emissions Specific strategies to reduce smoke exposure and the Smoke Sense App As the start of the summer wildfire season approaches, public officials, communities and individuals need up-to-date wildfire smo...
Targeting Environmental Quality to Improve Population Health and Lower Healthcare Costs (PRESENTATION)
Key goals of health care reform are to stimulate innovative approaches to improve healthcare quality and clinical outcomes while holding down costs. To achieve these goals value-based payment places the needs of the patient first and encourages multi-stakeholder cooperation. Ye...
Health Impact Assessment: Linking Public Health to Community Decisions (Cumulative Impacts Community Vulnerability Symposium) (PRESENTATION)
The goal of this presentation is to explore how HIA can help inform hazardous waste permitting regulations and incorporate community vulnerability and cumulative impacts to their potential health risks into permitting decision making by the California Department of Toxic Substanc...
Health Impact Assessment Training Bijelo Polje Community Workshop (PRESENTATION)
The main objective of the session is to develop capacity on this decision-making tool during a mini-workshop on the Health Impact Assessment (HIA) in Bijelo Polje, Montenegro. The HIA is a combination of procedures, methods and tools that systematically judges the potential, and ...
Exposure and Human Health Evaluation of Airborne Pollution from the World Trade Center Disaster (JOURNAL)
In the days following the September 11, 2001, terrorist attack on New York City's World Trade Center (WTC) towers, many Federal agencies, including the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), were called upon to bring their technical and scientific expertise to the national e...
Utilizing a Health Impact Assessment (HIA) to Connect Natural Resource Management and Community(presentation) (PRESENTATION)
Marrying scientific and health research with natural resource management should be a straightforward process. However, differences in purpose, goals, language, levels of detail and implementation authority between the scientists who conduct research and resource managers who plan...
Utilizing a Health Impact Assessment (HIA) to Connect Natural Resource Management and Community (PRESENTATION)
Marrying scientific and health research with natural resource management should be a straightforward process. However, differences in purpose, goals, language, levels of detail and implementation authority between the scientists who conduct research and resource managers who plan...
A modular Human Exposure Model (HEM) framework to characterize near-field chemical exposure in LCIA and CAA (PRESENTATION)
Life Cycle Impact Analysis (LCIA) has proven to be a valuable tool for systematically comparing processes and products, and has been proposed for use in Chemical Alternatives Analysis (CAA). The exposure assessment portion of the human health impact scores of LCIA has historicall...
Next Steps: Water Technology Advances (Research) (PRESENTATION)
This project will focus on contaminants and their impact on health, adequate removal of contaminants from various water systems, and water and resource recovery within treatment systems. It will develop the next generation of technological advances to provide guidance in support ...
The Health Impact Assessment (HIA) Resource and Tool Compilation: A Comprehensive Toolkit for New and Experienced HIA Practitioners in the U.S. (PUBLISHED REPORT)
Health Impact Assessment (HIA) is a relatively new and rapidly emerging field in the U.S. An inventory of available HIA resources and tools was conducted, with a primary focus on resources developed in the U.S. The resources and tools available to HIA practitioners in the conduct...
Conceptual Framework To Extend Life Cycle Assessment Using Near-Field Human Exposure Modeling and High-Throughput Tools for Chemicals (JOURNAL)
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a decision-making tool that accounts for multiple impacts across the life cycle of a product or service. This paper presents a conceptual framework to integrate human health impact assessment with risk screening approaches to extend LCA to include n...
National Built Environment Health Impact Assessment Model: Creation and Application (PRESENTATION)
Behavioral (activity, diet, social interaction) and exposure (air pollution, traffic injury, and noise) related health impacts of land use and transportation investment decisions are becoming better understood and quantified. Research has shown relationships between density, mix,...
Climate Change, Wildland Fires and Public Health (PRESENTATION)
Climate change is contributing to an increase in the severity of wildland fires. The annual acreage burned in the U.S. has risen steadily since 1985, and the fire season has lengthened. Wildland fires impair air quality by producing massive quantities of particulate air polluta...
Frailty, environmental justice and the health impact of PM2.5 (PRESENTATION)
Previous studies have shown heterogeneity in the association of daily mortality with fine particulate matter (PM2.5) across metropolitan areas. We have examined factors related to frailty and environmental justice as potential determinants. For Core-Based Statistical Areas (CBS...
Health Impact Assessment of the Boone Boulevard Green Street Project in the Proctor Creek Watershed of Atlanta - Urban Waters National Training Workshop (PRESENTATION)
Proctor Creek is one of the most impaired creeks in metro-Atlanta due to exceedance of state water quality standards for fecal coliforms. The topography, prevalence of impervious surfaces in the watershed, and a strained combined sewer system have contributed to pervasive floodin...
Overview of Chronic Oral Toxicity Values for Chemicals Present in Hydraulic Fracturing Fluids, Flowback and Produced Waters (JOURNAL)
As the use of hydraulic fracturing has increased, concerns have been raised about potential public health effects that may arise if hydraulic fracturing-related chemicals were to impact drinking water resources. This study presents an overview of the chronic oral toxicity values—...
Health Impact Assessment (HIA) and EnviroAtlas: Integrating Ecosystem Services into the Decision-Making Process-Guide (PUBLISHED REPORT)
This document was created to highlight the many ways that the U.S. EPA EnviroAtlas suite of ecosystem services tools can be used to aid in the Health Impact Assessment (HIA) process. Ecosystems provide numerous services and benefits to individuals, communities, businesses, and ot...