Related Topics: Health Research

Health Research Products in the Science Inventory

Records 1 to 25 of 241

Identification of Hotspots of Genetic Risk for Type 2 Diabetes Using GIS Methods (PRESENTATION)
BACKGROUND: Having the ability to scan the entire country for potential "hotspots" with increased risk of developing chronic diseases due to various environmental, demographic, and genetic susceptibility factors may inform risk management decisions and enable better env...
Characterizing Risks of Exposures to Combined Stressors: An Overview (PRESENTATION)
Cumulative risk assessment (CRA) addresses the impacts of multiple chemical and nonchemical stressors on communities, resulting from complex exposures for populations with a variety of vulnerabilities. These efforts focus on real world exposure scenarios and applications that ra...
Using Ecosystem Function in the Clean Water Act (PUBLISHED REPORT)
Clean, fresh water is one of our most precious natural resources. The Clean Water Act was enacted to control pollution. It has been highly successful in controlling pollution at the point of contamination. Given this success, there are still areas where vast improvements need ...
Connecting Ecosystem Service Production to Users as a Measure of Realized Benefits in Coastal Communities (PRESENTATION)
Ecosystem goods and services are often produced in locations far away from where humans benefit from them. Human beneficiaries also use specific spatial pathways to access the Final Ecosystem Goods and Services (FEGS), the ecological endpoints directly beneficial to human well-b...
A Genome-wide Trans-ethnic Interaction Study Links the PIGR-FCAMR Locus to Coronary Atherosclerosis Via Interactions Between Genetic Variants and Residential Exposure to Traffic (JOURNAL)
Air pollution is a worldwide contributor to cardiovascular disease mortality and morbidity. Traffic air pollution is a ubiquitous source of air pollution in developed nations, and is associated with multiple cardiovascular outcomes such as: coronary atherosclerosis, peripheral ar...
Factors associated with self-reported health: implications for screening level community-based health and environmental studies (JOURNAL)
BACKGROUND: Advocates for environmental justice, local, state, and national public health officials, exposure scientists, need broad-based heath indices to identify vulnerable communities. Longitudinal studies show that perception of current health status predicts subsequent mort...
Mutagenicity and Oxidative Damage Induced by an Organic Extract of the Particulate Emissions from a Simulation of the Deepwater Horizon Surface Oil Burns (JOURNAL)
Emissions from oil fires associated with the “Deepwater Horizon” explosion and oil discharge that began on April 20, 2010 in the Gulf of Mexico were analyzed chemically to only a limited extent at the time but were shown to induce oxidative damage in vitro and in mice. To extend ...
How do nutrients affect Aedes aegypti and Zika infection in neighborhoods in San Juan, Puerto Rico? (PRESENTATION)
Inputs of detritus have been shown to be strong drivers of container mosquito production and life history traits, including for species that are of medical importance. During 2016, Zika infection swelled throughout the Caribbean and South and Central America, a disease vectored p...
Associations between socio-demographic characteristics and chemical concentrations contributing to cumulative exposures in the United States (JOURNAL)
Association rule mining (ARM) has been widely used to identify associations between various entities in many fields. Although some studies have utilized it to analyze the relationship between chemicals and human health effects, fewer have used this technique to identify and quant...
Investigating the Geomorphic Stability of Pond and Plug Projects in the Sierra Nevada (INTERNAL REPORT)
Pond and plug projects have become a popular method of restoration for riparian meadows in the Sierra Nevada Region. Pond and plug is a technique used to restore the floodplain function of a meadow system. Construction involves excavating borrow material, usually from portions o...
Engineering Technical Support Center Annual Report Fiscal Year 2016 (PUBLISHED REPORT)
This report highlights significant projects that the ETSC supported in fiscal year 2016. These projects have addressed an array of environmental scenarios, including, but not limited to remote mining contamination, expansive landfill waste, cumulative impacts from multiple contam...
The Pilot EPA-NIMHD Centers of Excellence on Environmental Health Disparities: A Summary of Accomplishments (PUBLISHED REPORT)
Minorities and economically-disadvantaged communities continue to bear a disproportionately large burden of the exposures to environmental stressors that are associated with adverse health outcomes. Federal efforts to alleviate such health disparities began in the early 1990s. Th...
Exploration and Discovery through Maps: Teaching Science with Technology (PRESENTATION)
Online maps have the power to bring students closer to their local natural environments. EnviroAtlas is an interactive, web-based tool that was designed by the EPA and its partners to provide access to maps that show the status of the local environment and social elements of an ...
EPA's EnviroAtlas Educational Curriculum (PRESENTATION)
U.S. EPA’s EnviroAtlas provides a collection of web-based, interactive tools for exploring ecosystem services: an Interactive Map, which provides access to 300+ maps at multiple extents for the U.S., and an Eco-Health Relationship Browser, which displays the linkages betwee...
Rubbertown NGEM Demonstration Project?Community Update Meeting 2, July 25, 2017 (PRESENTATION)
This is a slide deck for part of a community webinar held by LMAPCD to provide an update on the project. The slides will be delivered by team lead E. Thoma remotely by webinar. A draft version of the QAPP for the project will be provided to the community as part of this communi...
Rubbertown NGEM Demonstration Project - Update to Industry (PRESENTATION)
Follow-up communication to Rubbertown industry group as part of the planning process for the Rubbertown NGEM demonstration study. These slides are for discussion purposes and will not be presented publically beyond the project team and industry group.
Green Infrastructure in Context: Public Health and Ecosystem Services (PRESENTATION)
Using interdisciplinary approaches to urban water management strategies can yield benefits for sustainability. While green infrastructure (GI) has primarily been used to increase infiltration/redistribution and reduce runoff in urban areas, the physical siting of GI can provide o...
A web-based screening tool for near-port air quality assessments (JOURNAL)
The Community model for near-PORT applications (C-PORT) is a screening tool with an intended purpose of calculating differences in annual averaged concentration patterns and relative contributions of various source categories over the spatial domain within about 10 km of the port...
A Collaborative Effort to Assess Environmental Health in Newport News, Virginia (PUBLISHED REPORT)
The Region 3 “Making a Visible Difference in Communities” (MVD) initiative for Southeast Newport News, VA has taken a community-centric, place-based approach to identifying and delivering service to the area’s residents and the city as a whole. Beginning with a ...
A novel approach for measuring residential socioeconomic factors associated with cardiovascular and metabolic health (JOURNAL)
Individual-level characteristics, including socioeconomic status, have been associated with poor metabolic and cardiovascular health; however, residential area-level characteristics may also independently contribute to health status. In the current study, we used hierarchical clu...
Community vulnerability to health impacts of wildland fire smoke exposure (JOURNAL)
Identifying communities vulnerable to adverse health effects from exposure to wildfire smoke may help prepare responses, increase the resilience to smoke and improve public health outcomes during smoke days. We developed a Community Health-Vulnerability Index (CHVI) based on fact...
Inverse Relationship Between Urban Green Space and Childhood Autism in California Elementary School Districts (JOURNAL)
Green space has a variety of health benefits. However, little is known about its impact on autism, the fastest-growing neurodevelopmental disorder in children. This study examined the relationship between green space and childhood autism prevalence.Autism count data in 2010 were ...
Community-based research as a mechanism to reduce environmental health disparities in American Indian and Alaska Native communities (JOURNAL)
Racial and ethnic minority communities, including American Indian and Alaska Natives, have been disproportionately impacted by environmental pollution and contamination. This includes siting and location of point sources of pollution, legacies of contamination of drinking and re...
Vegetated land cover near residence is associated with reduced allostatic load and improved biomarkers of neuroendocrine, metabolic and immune functions (JOURNAL)
Abstract Background: Greater exposure to urban green spaces has been linked to reduced risks of depression, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and premature death. Alleviation of chronic stress is a hypothesized pathway to improved health. Previous studies linked chronic stress wit...
Environmental public health data and tools (PRESENTATION)
This presentation will be given at University of Massachusetts in Amherst at The Dean's Symposium on Health Communities: Health Equity and Environmental Justice. I was asked to provide keynote talk to discuss environmental public health data and tools. This presentation will incl...