Related Topics: Health Research

Health Research Products in the Science Inventory

Records 1 to 25 of 326

Working with Tribes to Assess, Manage, and Improve Ecosystem Function through EPA’s Science to Achieve Results (STAR) Grants Program and Collaborative Research Projects (SUMMARY)
The summary demonstrates how tribes use traditional knowledge/Traditional Ecological knowledge and technical tools and support from EPA in addressing environmental concerns. We highlighted two projects where EPA worked directly with tribes to conduct Riparian Proper Functioning C...
EnviroAtlas Efforts to Reach Tomorrow's Decision Makers (PRESENTATION)
The movement towards infrastructure resilience can be strengthened by including ecosystem services (ES). The EnviroAtlas, developed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and partners, provides a collection of web-based, interactive maps and resources for exploring ES and t...
Fine-scale health-related measures of exposure to urban green spaces (PRESENTATION)
Nature’s benefits to society, also known as ecosystem services, contribute to many aspects of public health and well-being. Green infrastructure routinely buffers both natural and man-made hazards. It is also a source of healthful exposures due to promoting physical activi...
Ecological risk based assessment used to restore riparian physical functions to a fresh water Creek (JOURNAL)
The purpose of this study was to determine if an interdisciplinary team using a qualitative proper functioning condition (PFC) assessment protocol could identify and reverse significant detrimental ecological alterations which occurred within Gertie's Creek watershed, Ontario, Ca...
Next Generation Emission Measurements -Protect the environment and save companies money (PRESENTATION)
A range of industries can emit air pollutants from fugitive leaks and malfunctions that are hard to detect, locate, and manage. These stochastic sources can create significant impacts on near-by populations, generating contentious issues. Enabled by the emergence of lower cost ...
Rubbertown NGEM Demonstration Project Community Meeting 4 (PRESENTATION)
These slides provide an update on the Rubbertown NGEM Demonstration Project that began in September 2017. Project background: Industrial...
Advice and Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) for Citizen-Science Environmental Health Assessments (JOURNAL)
Citizen science provides quantitative results to support environmental health assessments, but standardized approaches do not currently exist to translate findings into actionable solutions. The emergence of low-cost portable sensor technologies and proliferation of publicly avai...
Summary Report: 2017 Annual Grantees Meeting of the NIH-EPA Centers of Excellence on Environmental Health Disparities Research (EPA PUBLISHED PROCEEDINGS)
Approximately 100 researchers, trainees, students, and community partners attended the 2-day grantees meeting. In addition to research updates by the five EHD Centers, the meeting featured working group discussions around topics such as research translation, cross-center collabor...
Open-Path Hydrocarbon Laser Sensor for Oil and Gas Facility Monitoring (PRESENTATION)
This poster reports on an experimental prototype open-path laser absorption sensor for measurement of unspeciated hydrocarbons for oil and gas production facility fence-line monitoring. Such measurements may be useful to meet certain state regulations, and enable advanced leak d...
Epigenetics and the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (BOOK CHAPTER)
Epigenetic programming is likely to be an important mechanism underlying the lasting influence of the developmental environment on lifelong health, a concept known as the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD). DNA methylation, posttranslational histone protein modif...
Maternally Mediated Developmental Toxicity (BOOK CHAPTER)
The current practice for the assessment of an agent’s potential effects on the developing embryo/fetus includes administration of high, maternally toxic doses to pregnant laboratory animals. For most agents evaluated, developmental effects occur concomitant with maternal toxicity...
Environmental health capacity-building: Examples from EPA’s National Center for Environmental Research Grants Program (PRESENTATION)
NCER’s environmental health research funding to academic institutions and non-profit entities have supported EPA’s mission to protect human health and the environment, while also supporting capacity-building in communities in understanding and mitigating environmental...
Tobacco as a Reproductive and Developmental Toxicant (PRESENTATION)
Maternal cigarette smoking has long been known to result in effects on offspring including lower birthweight and neurobehavioral effects. Continuing studies have expanded the list of adverse outcomes in offspring to include Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, impaired lung function, an...
Stochastic industrial source detection using lower cost methods (PRESENTATION)
Hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) can be emitted from a variety of sources in industrial facilities, energy production, and commercial operations. Stochastic industrial sources (SISs) represent a subcategory of emissions from fugitive leaks, variable area sources, malfunctioning p...
MicroRNA biomarker identification in serum for fish oil-induced fatty liver development in Wistar Kyoto rats (PRESENTATION)
Hepatic steatosis (also known as fatty liver) is present in 25-30% of the US population and can increase susceptibility to the toxic effects of chemical exposures. There is need to develop biomarkers of hepatic steatosis that can be used in screening, experimental models, and hum...
The High Value of IAQ and Buildings (PRESENTATION)
Foundation presentation on the human health and environment value of good indoor air quality and buildings to building owners and managers.
Rubbertown NGEM Demonstration Project - Community Meeting 3 (PRESENTATION)
Rubbertown Next Generation Emission Measurement Demonstration: Background: ...
Associations between urban landscape characteristics and Body Mass Index (PRESENTATION)
Obesity is one of the major public-health concerns in many countries today. In the United States, more than 70% of the U.S. adults aged 20 and over are overweight or obese. The prevalence of obesity has been grown rapidly during the last three decades. Obesity prevalence is deter...
Introductory Talk: Adding Up Chemicals: Component-Based Risk Assessment of Chemical Mixturesand Primary Talk: Grouping Chemicals for Assessment and Conducting Assessments with the Hazard Index and Related Methods (PRESENTATION)
Dr. Simmons will provide a concise overview of established and emerging methods to group chemicals for component-based mixture risk assessments. This will be followed by introduction to several important component-based methods, the Hazard Index, Target Organ Hazard Index, Multi...
Serum microRNA biomarker identification in a residential cohort with elevated polychlorinated biphenyl exposures (PRESENTATION)
Exposure to liver toxicants can result in or exacerbate fatty liver disease. Recent evidence suggests that serum-derived microRNAs (miRs) may improve identification of chemical-induced fatty liver disease relative to traditional protein-based biomarkers alone. Historical serum sa...
Environmental Public Health Indicators Impact Report: Data and methods that support environmental public health decision-making by communities (PUBLISHED REPORT)
This report presents the results of twenty competitively funded Science-To-Achieve-Results (STAR) grants in EPA's Environmental Public Health Indicators (EPHI) research program. The grantsdirectly supported health interventions, informed policy and decision-making, and improved t...
Quantification of Ethnic and Racial Residential Segregation: Analysis of 2015 U.S. Census Tracts (PRESENTATION)
The presence and distribution of demographic enclaves, or places defined by distinctly different group compositions than surrounding places, are a well-studied occurrence in urban areas of the United States. With the changing composition of cities and surrounding suburban areas,...
Can we adequately represent the spatial interplay between humans and nature? (PRESENTATION)
One of the challenges remaining before ecosystem services assessments can become part of mainstream decision making is how to spatially represent the interplay of nature as a whole and humans. Nature’s ecosystems act as natural capital by producing things (i.e. stocks and ...
2015 NIEHS/EPA Children's Centers Annual Meeting Report (EPA PUBLISHED PROCEEDINGS)
The report includes proceedings from the 2015 NIEHS/EPA Children's Centers Annual Meeting. The proceedings include presentation summaries, speaker biosketches, poster abstracts, and a list of meeting participants.
2013 NIEHS/EPA Children's Centers Annual Meeting: Protecting Children's Health for a Lifetime (EPA PUBLISHED PROCEEDINGS)
This report includes proceedings from the 2013 NIEHS/EPA Children's Centers Annual Meeting, held in Washington D.C. in October, 2013. Summaries of presentations, speaker biosketches, poster abstracts, and a meeting participant list are all included.