Related Topics: Health Research

Health Research Products in the Science Inventory

Records 1 to 25 of 1392

Child environmental exposures to water and sand at the beach: Findings from studies of over 68,000 subjects at 12 beaches (JOURNAL)
Swimming and recreating in lakes, oceans, and rivers is common, yet the literature suggests children may be at greater risk of illness following such exposures. These effects might be due to differences in immunity or differing behavioral factors such as poorer hygiene, longer ex...
Chemical Mixtures Health Risk Assessment of Environmental Contaminants: Concepts, Methods, And Applications (PRESENTATION)
This problems-based, introductory workshop focuses on methods to assess health risks posed by exposures to chemical mixtures in the environment. Chemical mixtures health risk assessment methods continue to be developed and evolve to address concerns over health risks from multic...
Three education modules using EnviroAtlas - Greenway Case Study Puts Students in the Decision-Making Role: Using Technology and Maps to Informs Development Decisions (PRESENTATION)
Session #1: Exploration and Discovery through Maps: Teaching Science with Technology (elementary school) - EnviroAtlas is a tool developed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and its partners that empowers anyone with the internet to be a highly informed local decision-ma...
Three education modules using EnviroAtlas-Exploration and Discovery Through Maps: Teaching Science with Technology (PRESENTATION)
Session #1: Exploration and Discovery through Maps: Teaching Science with Technology (elementary school) - EnviroAtlas is a tool developed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and its partners that empowers anyone with the internet to be a highly informed local decision-ma...
In vivo and in vitro methods for evaluating soil arsenic bioavailability: relevant to human health risk assessment (JOURNAL)
Arsenic (As) is the most frequently occurring contaminant on the priority list of hazardous substances, which lists substances of greatest public health concern to people living at or near U.S. National Priorities List site. Accurate assessment of human health risks from exposure...
Meta-Analysis of Chemical and Non-Chemical Stressors Affecting Childhood Obesity (PRESENTATION)
Childhood obesity is not a new notion but it is a growing epidemic around the world. There is approximately 42 million children under 5 around the world who are considered overweight or obese and here in the united states that is 12.7 million children between the ages of 2 and 19...
Advancing public participation in scientific research: A framework for leveraging public participation in environmental health and emergency response research (PRESENTATION)
This research paper uses case analysis methods to understand why participants engage in this innovative approach public participation in scientific research, and what they hope that will mean for their community. The research questions that guide this analysis are: 1) what factor...
Cardiovascular Effects of Air Pollution Clinical and Public Health Implications: Knowledge Gaps and Opportunities (PRESENTATION)
“Healthy Heart: Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Health” is a webinar presentation designed to introduce the fundamental epidemiological associations between ambient air pollution and cardiovascular health. Despite the phenomenal improvement in air quality across th...
Creating Ecosystem Services Indices with EnviroAtlas Metrics (PRESENTATION)
To support the well-being of future generations, ecosystem services (ES) need to be fully understood and evaluated by decision-makers. Geospatial tools, such as the EnviroAtlas, allow decision-makers, urban planners, public health professionals, and other stakeholders to view and...
NIEHS/EPA Children's Environmental Health and Disease Prevention Research Centers: 2017 Annual Meeting Proceedings (EPA PUBLISHED PROCEEDINGS)
The 2017 Annual Meeting of the NIEHS/EPA Children’s Environmental Health and Disease Prevention Research Centers was hosted by EPA in collaboration with NIEHS and the Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Units (PEHSUs). The meeting was held at the EPA Region 9 offices i...
A physiologically based pharmacokinetic model of vitamin D (JOURNAL)
Despite the plethora of studies discussing the benefits of vitamin D on physiological functioning, few mathematical models of vitamin D predict the response of the body on low-concentration supplementation of vitamin D under sunlight-restricted conditions. This study developed a ...
Metabolic Disruption Early in Life is Associated With Latent Carcinogenic Activity of Dichloroacetic Acid in Mice (JOURNAL)
Early-life environmental factors can influence later-life susceptibility to cancer. Recent evidence suggests that metabolic pathways may mediate this type of latency effect. Previously, we reported that short-term exposure to dichloroacetic acid (DCA) increased liver cancer in mi...
Influence of exposure differences on city-to-city heterogeneity in PM2.5-mortality associations in US cities (JOURNAL)
Multi-city population-based epidemiological studies have observed heterogeneity between city-specific fine particulate matter (PM2.5)-mortality effect estimates. These studies typically use ambient monitoring data as a surrogate for exposure leading to potential exposure misclass...
Associations between environmental quality and mortality in the contiguous United States 2000-2005 (JOURNAL)
BACKGROUND: Assessing cumulative effects of the multiple environmental factors influencing mortality remains a challenging task. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the associations between cumulative environmental quality and all-cause and leading cause-specific (heart dise...
Determination of Human Hepatic CYP2C8 and CYP1A2 Age-Dependent Expression to Support Human Health Risk Assessment for Early Ages (JOURNAL)
Predicting age-specific metabolism is important for evaluating age-related drug and chemical sensitivity. Multiple cytochrome P450s and carboxylesterase enzymes are responsible for human pyrethroid metabolism. Complete ontogeny data for each enzyme are needed to support in vitro ...
U.S. EPA QPCR Methods for Recreational Water Testing (PRESENTATION)
Inform state officials and public health laboratories on current status of EPA efforts to support implementation of rapid recreational beach monitoring by quantitative PCR methods in Michigan.
Exploring the exposome with non-targeted analysis of house dust (2018 ACS) (PRESENTATION)
The exposome encompasses the totality of exposures to all stressors for an individual over their life-course. Measuring and understanding the exposome is important to fully understand the origins of disease and ensure that chemicals in commerce are low risk. However, it is not fe...
Soil solution interactions may limit Pb remediation using P amendments in an urban soil (JOURNAL)
Lead (Pb) contaminated soils are a potential exposure hazard to the public. Amending soils with phosphorus (P) may reduce Pb soil hazards. Soil from Cleveland, OH containing 726 ± 14 mg Pb kg<SUP>-1</SUP> was amended in a laboratory study with bone meal and triple super phospha...
Building multi-country collaboration on watershed management: lessons on linking environment and public health from the Western Balkans (JOURNAL)
Community-based watershed resilience programs that bridge public health and environmental outcomes often require cross-boundary, multi-country collaboration. The CRESSIDA project, led by the Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe (REC) and supported by the U...
Relative Contributions of Agricultural Drift, Para-Occupational, and Residential Use Exposure Pathways to House Dust Pesticide Concentrations: Meta-Regression of Published Data (JOURNAL)
Background: Increased pesticide concentrations in house dust in agricultural areas have been attributed to several exposure pathways, including agricultural drift, para-occupational, and residential use. Objective: To guide future exposure assessment efforts, we quantified rel...
Dermal transfer and environmental release of CeO2 nanoparticles used as UV inhibitors on outdoor surfaces: Implications for human and environmental health (JOURNAL)
A major area of growth for &ldquo;nano-enabled&rdquo; consumer products have been surface coatings, including paints stains and sealants. Ceria (CeO2) nanoparticles (NPs) are of interest as they have been used as additives in these these products to increase UV resistance. Curren...
Occupational Exposure to Pesticides and the Incidence of Lung Cancer in the Agricultural Health Study (JOURNAL)
Background: Occupational pesticide use is associated with lung cancer in some, but not all, epidemiologic studies. In the Agricultural Health Study (AHS), we previously reported positive associations between several pesticides and lung cancer incidence. Objective: We evaluated...
Engineering Technical Support Center Annual Report Fiscal Year 2016 (PUBLISHED REPORT)
This report highlights significant projects that the ETSC supported in fiscal year 2016. These projects have addressed an array of environmental scenarios, including, but not limited to remote mining contamination, expansive landfill waste, cumulative impacts from multiple contam...
Evaluating weathering of food packaging polyethylene-nano-clay composites: Release of nanoparticles and their impacts (JOURNAL)
Nano-fillers are increasingly incorporated into polymeric materials to improve the mechanical, barrier or other matrix properties of nanocomposites used for consumer and industrial applications. However, over the life cycle, these nanocomposites could degrade due to exposure to...
Active vs. sedentary lifestyle from weaning to adulthood and susceptibility to ozone in rats (JOURNAL)
This is publication for a peer review journal.