Related Topics: Health Research

Health Research Products in the Science Inventory

Records 1 to 25 of 45

Environmental Public Health Research at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency – Addressing Community Exposures and Outcomes from One Researcher’s Perspective (PRESENTATION)
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (U.S. EPA) mission is to protect human health and the environment. Those not familiar with U.S. EPA’s mission often do not realize that U.S. EPA is a public health agency. In this presentation, Dr. Danelle Lobdell will provid...
A web-based screening tool for near-port air quality assessments (JOURNAL)
The Community model for near-PORT applications (C-PORT) is a screening tool with an intended purpose of calculating differences in annual averaged concentration patterns and relative contributions of various source categories over the spatial domain within about 10 km of the port...
Community vulnerability to health impacts of wildland fire smoke exposure (JOURNAL)
Identifying communities vulnerable to adverse health effects from exposure to wildfire smoke may help prepare responses, increase the resilience to smoke and improve public health outcomes during smoke days. We developed a Community Health-Vulnerability Index (CHVI) based on fact...
Response to External Peer Review comments regarding the C-PORT (PUBLISHED REPORT)
This report documents the external peer review of the C-PORT Tool. C-PORT is intended to provide users with the capability to estimate changes in the concentration of air pollutants in the community resulting from changes in emissions from traffic and port activities. C-PORT is a...
Demonstration of C-Tools for Community Exposure Assessment (PRESENTATION)
The presentation describes a new community-scale tool called C-PORT to model emissions related to all port-related activities – including, but not limited to ships, trucks, cranes, etc. – and predict concentrations at fine spatial scales in the near-source environment...
For Better or For Worse: Environmental Health Promotion in Support of Community Action (PRESENTATION)
Environmental Health Education (EHE) is most effective when it incorporates environmental science, risk education, and health education. When paired with the local knowledge of community members, EHE can promote health equity and community action, especially for socially disadvan...
Using USEPA’s EnviroAtlas to Identify Locations for Urban Heat Island Abatement (PRESENTATION)
Excessive heat in the summer months can be dangerous to human health and increases demand for water and electricity. Cities tend to experience higher temperatures than the surrounding natural area, a phenomenon known as an urban heat island (UHI). Trees are provisioners of ecosys...
Life-stage and organ specific changes in mitochondrial bioenergetics in Brown Norway Rats (PRESENTATION)
Mitochondria are central regulators of energy homeostasis and play a pivotal role in mechanisms of cellular senescence and age-related neurodegenerative and metabolic disorders. However, mitochondrial bioenergetic parameters have not been systematically evaluated under identical ...
Perspective: Crowd-based breath analysis: assessing behavior, activity, exposures, and emotional response of people in groups (JOURNAL)
A new concept for exhaled breath analysis has emerged wherein groups, or even crowds of people are simultaneously sampled in enclosed environments to detect overall trends in their activities and recent exposures. The basic idea is to correlate the temporal profile of known breat...
The GIS and Remote Sensing Technologies for Classifying Intertidal Submerged Aquatic Vegetation And Interpolating Estuarine Topobathymetry (PRESENTATION)
I will present answers to the following three questions regarding “GIS techniques to assess the bathymetric distribution of existing SAV habitats” and; “Nearshore landscape characteristics that permit or prohibit SAV migration with SLR”.1. What is the tech...
Characterization of Air Manganese Exposure Estimates for Residents in Two Ohio Towns (JOURNAL)
This study was conducted to derive receptor-specific outdoor exposure concentrations of total suspended particulate (TSP) and respirable (dae ≤1O µm) air manganese (air-Mn) for East Liverpool and Marietta (Ohio) in the absence of facility emissions data, but where long-t...
Epigenetic Regulation of Newborns' Imprinted Genes Related to Gestational Growth: Patterning by Parental Race/Ethnicity and Maternal Socioeconomic Status (JOURNAL)
BACKGROUND: Children born to parents with lower income and education are at risk for obesity and later-life risk of common chronic diseases, and epigenetics has been hypothesised to link these associations. However, epigenetic targets are unknown. We focus on a cluster of well­ c...
Integrating Ecosystem Services Into Health Impact Assessment (PRESENTATION)
Health Impact Assessment (HIA) provides a methodology for incorporating considerations of public health into planning and decision-making processes. HIA promotes interdisciplinary action, stakeholder participation, and timeliness and takes into account equity, sustainability, and...
Health burden from peat wildfire in North Carolina (PRESENTATION)
In June 2008, a wildfire smoldering through rich peat deposits in the Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife Refuge produced massive amounts of smoke and exposed a largely rural North Carolina area to air pollution in access of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards. In this talk, w...
Linking Ecosystem Services and Human Health: The Eco-Health Relationship Browser# (PRESENTATION)
Ecosystems and the services they provide have been linked in the literature to multiple human health outcomes. Demonstrated and proposed mechanisms focus on hazard buffering and health-promotional aspects of ecosystems. Services such as air and water filtration, heat mitigation...
Exploring the Relationship of Outdoor Recreational Resources to Physical Inactivity, Obesity and Diabetes for the Continental United States (PRESENTATION)
Background: Access to outdoor recreational resources is important for promoting healthy behavior and physical activity, which may decrease the risk of disease. To date, no study has examined the relationship between access to outdoor recreational resources (including protected l...
Economic Impacts of Surface Mining on Household Drinking Water Supplies (PUBLISHED REPORT)
This report provides information on the economic and social impacts of contaminated surface and ground water supplies on residents and households near surface mining operations. The focus is on coal slurry contamination of water supplies in Mingo County, West Virginia, and descr...
Iron Amendments to Reduce Bioaccessible Arsenic (JOURNAL)
Former sugarcane lands on the Island of Hawaii have elevated soil arsenic (As) from historical use of arsenical pesticides. The bioaccessible fraction of total As (As<SUB>TOT</SUB>), a measure of the potential for human As uptake by incidental ingestion of soil, is used in the a...
Mitochondrial bioenergetics in young, adult, middle-age and senescent brown Norway rats (PRESENTATION)
Mitochondria are central regulators of energy homeostasis and may play a pivotal role in mechanisms of cellular senescence and age-related neurodegenerative and metabolic disorders. However, mitochondrial bioenergetic parameters have not been systematically evaluated under identi...
In Situ Formation of Pyromorphite Is Not Required for the Reduction of in Vivo Pb Relative Bioavailability in Contaminated Soils (JOURNAL)
The effect of phosphate treatment on lead relative bioavailability (Pb RBA) was assessed in three distinct Pb-contaminated soils. Phosphoric acid (PA) or rock phosphate were added to smelter (PP2), nonferrous slag (SH15), and shooting range (SR01) impacted soils at a P:Pb molar ...
Aggravating conditions: Cynical hostility and neighborhood ambient stressors (JOURNAL)
This study is the first to investigate neighborhood clustering of a personality trait e cynical hostility (a sense of mistrust of others amplified by suspicious antagonism.) Cynical hostility increases physiological reactivity by influencing appraisal and coping when stressful ev...
MICA-AIR: A PARTICIPANT-BASED APPROACH TO EXPOSURE ASSESSMENT IN EPIDEMIOLOGIC AND COMMUNITY HEALTH STUDIES (PRESENTATION)
Objective. Epidemiologic and community health studies of traffic-related air pollution and childhood asthma have been limited by resource intensive exposure assessment techniques. The current study utilized a novel participant-based approach to collect air monitoring data f...
Cardio-respiratory Outcomes Associated with Exposure to Wildfire Smoke are Modified by Measures of Community Health (JOURNAL)
Background: Characterizing factors which determine susceptibility to air pollution is an important step in understanding the distribution of risk in a population and is a critical for setting appropriate air quality management policies. Objective: To evaluate general and specif...
Using Biomarkers in Sewage to Monitor Community-Wide Human Health: Isoprostances as Conceptual Prototype (JOURNAL)
Timely assessment of the aggregate health of small-area human populations is essential for guiding the optimal investment of resources needed for preventing, avoiding, controlling, or mitigating exposure risks. Seeking those interventions yielding the greatest benefit with respec...
Correlates of Health, Sustainability and Environmental Metrics for 50 of the Most Populous U.S. Cities (PRESENTATION)
Health, socioeconomic, education, and environmental (e.g. air and water quality) indicators are often correlated and may serve as markers for other underlying community issues. These diverse measurements are usually not fully integrated and rarely evaluated in the context of sust...