Related Topics: Climate Change Research

Climate Change Research Products in the Science Inventory

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Records 26 to 50 of 64

Climate Change Impacts on US Agriculture and Forestry: Implications of Global Climate Stabilization
(JOURNAL) [Published : Sep 01, 2015]
Increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide levels, higher temperatures, altered precipitation patterns, and other climate change impacts have already begun to affect US agriculture and forestry, with impacts expected to become more substantial in the future. Although there have been n...
Role of future scenarios in understanding deep uncertainty in long-term air quality management
(JOURNAL) [Published : Aug 20, 2015]
The environment and its interactions with human systems, whether economic, social or political, are complex. Relevant drivers may disrupt system dynamics in unforeseen ways, making it difficult to predict future conditions. This kind of deep uncertainty presents a challenge to ...
Evaluation of near surface ozone and particulate matter in air quality simulations driven by dynamically downscaled historical meteorological fields
(JOURNAL) [Published : May 07, 2016]
In this study, techniques typically used for future air quality projections are applied to a historical 11-year period to assess the performance of the modeling system when the driving meteorological conditions are obtained using dynamical downscaling of coarse-scale fields witho...
The Effects of Global Change upon United States Air Quality
(JOURNAL) [Published : Nov 13, 2015]
To understand more fully the effects of global changes on ambient concentrations of ozone and particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter smaller than 2.5 μm (PM<SUB>2.5</SUB>) in the US, we conducted a comprehensive modeling effort to evaluate explicitly the effects of change...
The effects of chronological age and size on toxicity of zinc to juvenile brown trout
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jul 01, 2015]
A series of toxicity tests were conducted to investigate the role of chronological age and organism weight on zinc tolerance in juvenile brown trout (Salmo trutta). Four different incubation temperatures were used to control the maturation of the juveniles prior to zinc exposure...
Translating Big Data into Big Climate Ideas: Communicating Future Climate Scenarios to Increase Interdisciplinary Engagement.
(JOURNAL) [Published : May 11, 2015]
Climate change has emerged as the significant environmental challenge of the 21st century. Therefore, understanding our changing world has forced researchers from many different fields of science to join together to tackle complicated research questions. The climate change resear...
Quantifying and Monetizing Potential Climate Change Policy Impacts on Terrestrial Ecosystem Carbon Storage and Wildfires in the United States
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jun 01, 2014]
This paper quantifies and monetizes climate change impacts on carbon stored in terrestrial vegetation and wildfire incidence in the contiguous United States to assess the benefits of alternative mitigation policies. The MC-1 dynamic global vegetation model was used to develop int...
Developing a model for effects of climate change on human health and health-environment interactions: Heat stress in Austin, Texas - Urban Climate
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jun 05, 2014]
Human health and well-being are and will be affected by climate change, both directly through changes in extreme weather events and indirectly through weather-induced changes in human and natural systems. Populations are vulnerable to these changes in varying degrees, depending ...
The Geographic Distribution and Economic Value of Climate Change-Related Ozone Health Impacts in the United States in 2030
(JOURNAL) [Published : May 01, 2015]
In this U.S.-focused analysis we use outputs from two global climate models (GCMs) driven by different greenhouse gas forcing scenarios as inputs to regional climate and chemical transport models to investigate potential changes in near-term U.S. air quality due to climate change...
Strategic responses to CO2 emission reduction targets drive shift in U.S. electric sector water use
(JOURNAL) [Published : Aug 11, 2014]
The reliance of the U.S. electric sector on water makes this sector vulnerable to climate change and variability. We use the EPAUS9r MARKAL model to investigate changes in U.S. electric sector water withdrawal and consumption through 2055 under alternative energy system-wide CO2...
Source Sector and Region Contributions to BC and PM2.5 in Central Asia
(JOURNAL) [Published : Feb 18, 2015]
Particulate matter (PM) mass concentrations, seasonal cycles, source sector and source region contributions in Central Asia (CA) are analyzed for the period April 2008-July 2009 using the STEM chemical transport model and modeled meteorology from the WRF model. Predicted AOD valu...
Long-range climate impacts on crop yield and the implications of enacting global carbon mitigation policies
(JOURNAL)
Research on climate impacts and agriculture over the past two decades has applied simulation models at a range of scales and future climate scenarios, finding that crop growth and yield responds to changing climate conditions, and that the impacts are regional and highly depende...
Climate change impacts on freshwater fish, coral reefs, and related ecosystem services in the United States
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jun 01, 2014]
We analyzed the potential physical and economic impacts of climate change on freshwater fisheries and coral reefs in the United States, examining a reference scenario and two policy scenarios that limit global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. We modeled shifts in suitable habitat ...
Climate change impacts on extreme events in the United States: an uncertainty analysis
(JOURNAL) [Published : May 01, 2014]
Extreme weather and climate events, such as heat waves, droughts and severe precipitation events, have substantial impacts on ecosystems and the economy. However, future climate simulations display large uncertainty in mean changes. As a result, the uncertainty in future changes ...
Assessment of Projected Temperature Impacts from Climate Change on the U.S. Electric Power Sector Using the Integrated Planning Model
(JOURNAL) [Published : Aug 01, 2014]
The energy sector is considered to be one of the most vulnerable to climate change. This study is a first-order analysis of the potential climate change impacts on the U.S. electric power sector, measuring the energy, environmental, and economic impacts of power system changes du...
Evaluating the Contribution of Natural Variability and Climate Model Response to Uncertainty in Projections of Climate Change Impacts on U.S. Air Quality
(JOURNAL)
We examine the effects of internal variability and model response in projections of climate impacts on U.S. ground-level ozone across the 21st century using integrated global system modeling and global atmospheric chemistry simulations. The impact of climate change on air polluti...
The effects of climate sensitivity and carbon cycle interactions on mitigation policy stringency
(JOURNAL) [Published : Apr 01, 2014]
Climate sensitivity and climate-carbon cycle feedbacks interact to determine how global carbon and energy cycles will change in the future. While the science of these connections is well documented, their economic implications are not well understood. Here we examine the effect o...
The Effect of Greenhouse Gas Mitigation on Drought Impacts in the U.S.
(JOURNAL)
In this paper, we present a methodology for analyzing the economic benefits in the U.S. of changes in drought frequency and severity due to global greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation. We construct reduced-form models of the effect of drought on agriculture and reservoir recreation i...
The costs of climate change: ecosystem services and wildland fires
(JOURNAL)
In this paper we use Habitat Equivalency Analysis (HEA) to monetize the avoided ecosystem services losses due to climate change-induced wildland fires in the U.S. Specifically, we use the U.S. Forest Service’s MC1 dynamic global vegetation model to forecast changes in wildland fi...
How Do Land-Use and Climate Change Affect Watershed Health? A Scenario-Based Analysis
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jun 01, 2014]
With the growing emphasis on biofuel crops and potential impacts of climate variability and change, there is a need to quantify their effects on hydrological processes for developing watershed management plans. Environmental consequences are currently estimated by utilizing comp...
Integrated economic and climate projections for impact assessment
(JOURNAL) [Published : Aug 31, 2013]
We designed scenarios for impact assessment that explicitly address policy choices and uncertainty in climate response. Economic projections and the resulting greenhouse gas emissions for the “no climate policy” scenario and two stabilization scenarios: at 4.5 W/m2 and 3.7 W/m2 b...
Economic impacts of climate change on water resources in the coterminous United States
(JOURNAL)
A national-scale simulation-optimization model was created to generate estimates of economic impacts associated with changes in water supply and demand as influenced by climate change. Water balances were modeled for the 99 assessment sub-regions, and are presented for 18 water r...
Projected effect of 2000-2050 changes in climate and emissions on aerosol levels in China and associated transboundary transport
(JOURNAL) [Published : Aug 16, 2013]
We investigate projected 2000–2050 changes in concentrations of aerosols in China and the associated transboundary aerosol transport by using the chemical transport model GEOS-Chem driven by the Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) general circulation model (GCM) 3 at 4° × ...
Spatially Refined Aerosol Direct Radiative Forcing Efficiencies
(JOURNAL) [Published : Sep 04, 2012]
Global aerosol direct radiative forcing (DRF) is an important metric for assessing potential climate impacts of future emissions changes. However, the radiative consequences of emissions perturbations are not readily quantified nor well understood at the level of detail necessary...
Empirical Analysis of the Influence of Forest Extent on Annual and Seasonal Surface Temperatures for the Continental United States
(JOURNAL) [Published : May 14, 2013]
Most scenario‐based climate modeling studies indicate that replacing temperate forest with cropland will promote cooling by reducing surface air temperatures. These results are inconsistent with fieldbased microclimate studies that have found that forests are cooler, wetter, and...