Related Topics: Climate Change Research

Climate Change Research Products in the Science Inventory

Records 1 to 25 of 125

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Reconstruction of Sea-Land Interactions between Terrestrial Vegetation Cover and Water Quality Constituents in the Mattapoisett Harbor Area During the 1991 Hurricane Bob Event (JOURNAL)
Hurricane Bob passed over the New England region in August 1991, causing significant damage to life, property, and the environment, making it one of the costliest hurricanes in New England history. The environmental impact of a hurricane of this magnitude warrants careful assessm...
Seasonal disconnect between streamflow and retention shapes riverine nitrogen export in the Willamette River Basin, Oregon (JOURNAL)
Watershed nutrient balance studies traditionally focus on annual fluxes. In areas with strongly seasonal, Mediterranean-type climate regimes, riverine nutrient export may be greater during wet seasons when hydrologic forcing overwhelms or bypasses retention mechanisms. By combini...
Unexpected Nitrogen Sources in a Tropical Urban Estuary (JOURNAL)
Tropical urban estuaries are severely understudied. Little is known about the basic biogeochemical cycles and dominant ecosystem processes in these waterbodies, which are often low lying and heavily modified. The San Juan Bay Estuary (SJBE) in San Juan, Puerto Rico, is an example...
An Integrated Agriculture, Atmosphere, and Hydrology Modeling System for Ecosystem Assessments (JOURNAL)
We present a regional‐scale integrated modeling system (IMS) that includes Environmental Policy Integrated Climate (EPIC), Weather Research and Forecast (WRF), Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ), and Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) models. The centerpiece of the ...
Quantifying national and regional cyanobacterial occurrence in US lakes using satellite remote sensing (JOURNAL)
Cyanobacterial harmful algal blooms are the most common form of harmful algal blooms in freshwater systems throughout the world. However, in situ sampling of cyanobacteria in inland lakes is limited both spatially and temporally. Satellite data has proven to be an effective tool ...
Projections of Atmospheric Nitrogen Deposition to the Chesapeake Bay Watershed (JOURNAL)
Atmospheric deposition is among the largest pathways of nitrogen loading to the Chesapeake Bay Watershed (CBW). The interplay between future climate and emission changes in and around the CBW will shift the future nutrient deposition abundance and regime (e.g., oxidized vs. redu...
Watershed 'Chemical Cocktails': Forming Novel Elemental Combinations in Anthropocene Fresh Waters (JOURNAL)
In the Anthropocene, watershed chemical transport is increasingly dominated by novel combinations of elements, which are hydrologically linked together as 'chemical cocktails.' Chemical cocktails are novel because human activities greatly enhance elemental concentrations and the...
Detention Outlet Retrofit Improves the Functionality of Existing Detention Basins by Reducing Erosive Flows in Receiving Channels (JOURNAL)
Journal Article
Ecological differences influence the thermal sensitivity of swimming performance of two co-occurring mysid shrimp species with climate change implications (JOURNAL)
Temperature strongly affects performance in ectotherms. As ocean warming continues, performance of marine species will be impacted. Many studies have focused on how warming will impact physiology, life history, and behavior, but few studies have investigated how ecological and be...
Statistical Models to Predict and Assess Spatial and Temporal Low-Flow Variability in New England Rivers and Streams (JOURNAL)
In the northern hemisphere, summer low flows are a key attribute defining both quantity and quality of aquatic habitat. I developed one set of models for New England streams/rivers predicting July/August median flows averaged across 1985–2015 as a function of weather, slope...
How the distribution of anthropogenic nitrogen has changed in Narragansett Bay (RI, USA) following major reductions in nutrient loads. (JOURNAL)
Over the past decade, nitrogen (N) loads to Narragansett Bay have decreased by more than 50%. These reductions were, in large part, the direct result of multiple wastewater treatment facility upgrades to tertiary treatment, a process which employs N removal. Here, we document eco...
Integrating multimedia models to assess nitrogen losses from the Mississippi River basin to the Gulf of Mexico (JOURNAL)
This study describes and implements an integrated, multimedia, process-based system-level approach to estimating nitrogen (N) fate and transport in large river basins. The modeling system includes: 1) Community Multi-Scale Air Quality (CMAQ); 2) Water Research and Forecasting (WR...
An initial validation of Landsat 5 and 7 derived surface water temperature for U.S. lakes, reservoirs, and estuaries (JOURNAL)
The United States Harmful Algal Bloom and Hypoxia Research Control Act of 2014 identified the need for forecasting and monitoring harmful algal blooms (HAB) in lakes, reservoirs, and estuaries across the nation. Temperature is a driver in HAB forecasting models that affects both ...
Realizing the Opportunities of Black carbon in Urban Soils: Implications for Water Quality Management with Green Infrastructure (JOURNAL)
Soil ecosystem processes regulate the carbon cycle, and provide a sink for atmospheric black carbon (BC). Particularly in urban soil, BC may act as an effective sorbent of contaminants in green spaces. We determined soil hydrology, soil carbon pools (organic carbon, black carbon,...
Improved soil temperature modeling using spatially explicit solar energy drivers (JOURNAL)
Modeling the spatial and temporal dynamics of soil temperature is deterministically complex due to the wide variability of several influential environmental variables, including soil column composition, soil moisture, air temperature, and solar energy. Landscape incident solar ra...
Developing a Model-based Drinking Water Decision Support System Featuring Remote Sensing and Fast Learning Techniques (JOURNAL)
Timely adjustment of operating strategies in drinking water treatment in response to water quality variations of both natural and anthropogenic causes is a grand technical challenge. One essential approach is to develop and apply integrated sensing, monitoring, and modeling techn...
Nitrogen inputs drive nitrogen concentrations in U.S. streams and rivers during summer low flow conditions (JOURNAL)
Ecological and human health impairments related to excess nitrogen (N) remain widespread in U.S. streams and rivers despite recent efforts to reduce N loading. Many studies have quantified the relationship between N inputs to watersheds and stream N export in terms of mass loads....
Adding to the Toolbox for Tidal-Inundation Mapping in Estuarine Areas (JOURNAL)
In estuaries, land-surface and tidal elevation conspire to influence the amount of salt-water inundation in a specific location, ultimately affecting the distribution of estuary vegetation. Plants vary in their tolerances to salinity and inundation. Understanding even small chang...
Application of Climate Assessment Tool (CAT) to Estimate Climate Variability Impacts on Nutrient Loading from Local Watersheds (JOURNAL)
A vast amount of future climate scenario datasets, created by climate models such as general circulation models (GCMs), have been used in conjunction with watershed models to project future climate variability impact on hydrological processes and water quality. However, these low...
Tale of two storms: Impact of extreme rain events on the biogeochemistry of Lake Superior (JOURNAL)
Climate change is expected to profoundly affect the Great Lakes region of North America. An increase in intensity and frequency of rain events is anticipated to deliver more runoff and to increase riverine inputs to Lake Superior's ecosystem. The effects of these changes on key b...
Influence of infrastructure on water quality and greenhouse gasdynamics in urban streams (JOURNAL)
Streams and rivers are significant sources of nitrous oxide (N2O), carbon dioxide (CO2), and methane (CH4), and watershed management can alter greenhouse gas emissions from streams. GHG emissions from streams in agricultural watersheds have been investigated in numerous studies,...
The Lake-Catchment (LakeCat) Dataset: Characterizing landscape features for lake basins within the conterminous USA (JOURNAL)
Natural and human-related landscape features influence the ecology and water quality within lakes. It is critical, therefore, to quantify landscape features in a hydrologically meaningful way to effectively manage these important ecosystems. Such summaries of the landscape are of...
A Climate Change Adaptation Strategy for Management of Coastal Marsh Systems (JOURNAL)
Sea level rise is causing shoreline erosion, increased coastal flooding, and marsh vulnerability to the impact of storms. Coastal marshes provide flood abatement, carbon and nutrient sequestration, water quality maintenance, and habitat for fish, shellfish, and wildlife, includin...
Global Water Clarity: Continuing a Century-Long Monitoring (JOURNAL)
Aquatic systems worldwide are changing due to increasing climate variability and human activities, yet it is difficult to capture such temporal changes without standardized long-term observations [Boyce et al. 2015, Barton et al. 2016]. Unlike the well-established Keeling curve t...
Examining the impacts of increased corn production on groundwater quality using a coupled modeling system (JOURNAL)
This study demonstrates the value of a coupled chemical transport modeling system for investigating groundwater nitrate contamination responses associated with nitrogen (N) fertilizer application and increased corn production. The coupled Community Multiscale Air Quality Bidirect...
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