Related Topics: Climate Change Research

Climate Change Research Products in the Science Inventory

Records 1 to 25 of 118

An initial validation of Landsat 5 and 7 derived surface water temperature for U.S. lakes, reservoirs, and estuaries (JOURNAL)
The United States Harmful Algal Bloom and Hypoxia Research Control Act of 2014 identified the need for forecasting and monitoring harmful algal blooms (HAB) in lakes, reservoirs, and estuaries across the nation. Temperature is a driver in HAB forecasting models that affects both ...
Realizing the Opportunities of Black carbon in Urban Soils: Implications for Water Quality Management with Green Infrastructure (JOURNAL)
Soil ecosystem processes regulate the carbon cycle, and provide a sink for atmospheric black carbon (BC). Particularly in urban soil, BC may act as an effective sorbent of contaminants in green spaces. We determined soil hydrology, soil carbon pools (organic carbon, black carbon,...
Improved soil temperature modeling using spatially explicit solar energy drivers (JOURNAL)
Modeling the spatial and temporal dynamics of soil temperature is deterministically complex due to the wide variability of several influential environmental variables, including soil column composition, soil moisture, air temperature, and solar energy. Landscape incident solar ra...
Developing a Model-based Drinking Water Decision Support System Featuring Remote Sensing and Fast Learning Techniques (JOURNAL)
Timely adjustment of operating strategies in drinking water treatment in response to water quality variations of both natural and anthropogenic causes is a grand technical challenge. One essential approach is to develop and apply integrated sensing, monitoring, and modeling techn...
Nitrogen inputs drive nitrogen concentrations in U.S. streams and rivers during summer low flow conditions (JOURNAL)
Ecological and human health impairments related to excess nitrogen (N) remain widespread in U.S. streams and rivers despite recent efforts to reduce N loading. Many studies have quantified the relationship between N inputs to watersheds and stream N export in terms of mass loads....
Adding to the Toolbox for Tidal-Inundation Mapping in Estuarine Areas (JOURNAL)
In estuaries, land-surface and tidal elevation conspire to influence the amount of salt-water inundation in a specific location, ultimately affecting the distribution of estuary vegetation. Plants vary in their tolerances to salinity and inundation. Understanding even small chang...
Application of Climate Assessment Tool (CAT) to Estimate Climate Variability Impacts on Nutrient Loading from Local Watersheds (JOURNAL)
A vast amount of future climate scenario datasets, created by climate models such as general circulation models (GCMs), have been used in conjunction with watershed models to project future climate variability impact on hydrological processes and water quality. However, these low...
Tale of two storms: Impact of extreme rain events on the biogeochemistry of Lake Superior (JOURNAL)
Climate change is expected to profoundly affect the Great Lakes region of North America. An increase in intensity and frequency of rain events is anticipated to deliver more runoff and to increase riverine inputs to Lake Superior's ecosystem. The effects of these changes on key b...
Detention Outlet Retrofit Improves the Functionality of Existing Detention Basins by Reducing Erosive Flows in Receiving Channels (JOURNAL)
Journal Article
Influence of infrastructure on water quality and greenhouse gasdynamics in urban streams (JOURNAL)
Streams and rivers are significant sources of nitrous oxide (N2O), carbon dioxide (CO2), and methane (CH4), and watershed management can alter greenhouse gas emissions from streams. GHG emissions from streams in agricultural watersheds have been investigated in numerous studies,...
The Lake-Catchment (LakeCat) Dataset: Characterizing landscape features for lake basins within the conterminous USA (JOURNAL)
Natural and human-related landscape features influence the ecology and water quality within lakes. It is critical, therefore, to quantify landscape features in a hydrologically meaningful way to effectively manage these important ecosystems. Such summaries of the landscape are of...
A Climate Change Adaptation Strategy for Management of Coastal Marsh Systems (JOURNAL)
Sea level rise is causing shoreline erosion, increased coastal flooding, and marsh vulnerability to the impact of storms. Coastal marshes provide flood abatement, carbon and nutrient sequestration, water quality maintenance, and habitat for fish, shellfish, and wildlife, includin...
Global Water Clarity: Continuing a Century-Long Monitoring (JOURNAL)
Aquatic systems worldwide are changing due to increasing climate variability and human activities, yet it is difficult to capture such temporal changes without standardized long-term observations [Boyce et al. 2015, Barton et al. 2016]. Unlike the well-established Keeling curve t...
Examining the impacts of increased corn production on groundwater quality using a coupled modeling system (JOURNAL)
This study demonstrates the value of a coupled chemical transport modeling system for investigating groundwater nitrate contamination responses associated with nitrogen (N) fertilizer application and increased corn production. The coupled Community Multiscale Air Quality Bidirect...
Land use, climate, and water resources – global stages of interaction (JOURNAL)
Land use and climate change can accelerate the depletion of freshwater resources that support humans and ecosystem services on a global scale. Here, we briefly review studies from around the world, including those in this special issue. We identify stages, which characterize i...
Evaluation of Climate Change Impact on Drinking Water Treatment Plant Operation (JOURNAL)
It is anticipated that global climate change will adversely impact source water quality in many areas of the United States and, therefore, will influence the design and operation of current and future drinking water treatment systems. Some of these impacts may lead to violations ...
Towards a Satellite-Based Near Real-Time Monitoring System for Water Quality; September 27th 2017 (JOURNAL)
Declining water quality in inland and coastal systems has become, and will continue to be, a major environmental, social and economic problem as human populations increase, agricultural activities expand, and climate change effects on hydrological cycles and extreme events become...
A keyword approach to finding common ground in community-based definitions of human well-being (JOURNAL)
Ecosystem-based management involves the integration of ecosystem services and their human beneficiaries into decision making. This can occur at multiple scales; addressing global issues such as climate change down to local problems such as flood protection and maintaining water q...
Climate Change Impacts on Harmful Algal Blooms in U.S. Freshwaters: A Screening-Level Assessment (JOURNAL)
Cyanobacterial harmful algal blooms have serious adverse effects on human and environmental health. Herein, we develop a modeling framework that predicts the effect of climate change on cyanobacteria concentrations in reservoirs in the contiguous U.S. The framework, which uses cl...
Climate Change Impacts on US Water Quality using two Models: HAWQS and US Basins (JOURNAL)
Climate change and freshwater quality are well-linked. Changes in climate result in changes in streamflow and rising water temperatures, which impact biochemical reaction rates and increase stratification in lakes and reservoirs. Using two water quality modeling systems (the Hydr...
Association of land use and its change with beach closure in the United States, 2004-2013 (JOURNAL)
Land use and its change have great influences on water quality. However, their impacts on microbial contamination of beach water have been rarely investigated and their relationship with beach closure is still unknown. Here, we analyzed beach closure data obtained from 2004 to 20...
Cost of reactive nitrogen release from human activities to the environment in the United States (JOURNAL)
The leakage of reactive nitrogen (N) from human activities to the environment can cause human health and ecological problems. Often these harmful effects are not reflected in the costs of food, fuel, and fiber that derive from N use. Spatial analyses of economic costs and benef...
Extreme Precipitation and Emergency Room Visits for Gastrointestinal Illness in Areas With and Without Combined Sewer Systems: An Analysis of Massachusetts Data, 2003-2007 (JOURNAL)
Background: Combined sewer overflows (CSOs) occur in combined sewer systems when sewage and stormwater runoff discharge into waterbodies potentially contaminating water sources. CSOs are often caused by heavy precipitation and are expected to increase with increasing extreme pre...
Effect of Climate Change on Water Temperature and Attainment of Water Temperature Criteria in the Yaquina Estuary, Oregon (USA) (JOURNAL)
There is increasing evidence that our planet is warming and this warming is also resulting in rising sea levels. Estuaries which are located at the interface between land and ocean are impacted by these changes. We used CE-QUAL-W2 water quality model to predict changes in water...
Mineralizing urban net-zero water treatment: Phase II field results and design recommendations (JOURNAL)
Net-zero water (NZW) systems, or water management systems achieving high recycling rates and low residuals generation so as to avoid water import and export, can also conserve energy used to heat and convey water, while economically restoring local eco-hydrology. However, design ...