Related Topics: Climate Change Research

Climate Change Research Products in the Science Inventory

Records 1 to 25 of 54

A new method for assessing the efficacy of emission control strategies (JOURNAL)
Regional-scale air quality models and observations at routine air quality monitoring sites are used to determine attainment/non-attainment of the ozone air quality standard in the United States. In current regulatory applications, a regional-scale air quality model is applied for...
Evaluating Biodiversity Metric Response to Forecasted Land Use Change in the Northern Rio Grande Basin (JOURNAL)
The effects of future land use change on arid and semi-arid watersheds in the American Southwest have important management implications. Seamless, national-scale land-use-change scenarios for developed land were acquired from the US Environmental Protection Agency Integrated Clim...
Application of Climate Assessment Tool (CAT) to Estimate Climate Variability Impacts on Nutrient Loading from Local Watersheds (JOURNAL)
A vast amount of future climate scenario datasets, created by climate models such as general circulation models (GCMs), have been used in conjunction with watershed models to project future climate variability impact on hydrological processes and water quality. However, these low...
Depressional wetlands affect watershed hydrological, biogeochemical, and ecological functions (JOURNAL)
Depressional wetlands of the extensive U.S. and Canadian Prairie Pothole Region afford numerous ecosystem processes that maintain healthy watershed functioning. However, these wetlands have been lost at a prodigious rate over past decades due to drainage for development, climate ...
Characterizing the impact of projected changes in climate and air quality on human exposures to ozone (JOURNAL)
The impact of climate change on human and environmental health is of critical concern. Population exposures to air pollutants both indoors and outdoors are influenced by a wide range of air quality, meteorological, behavioral, and housing-related factors, many of which are also i...
Examining the impacts of increased corn production on groundwater quality using a coupled modeling system (JOURNAL)
This study demonstrates the value of a coupled chemical transport modeling system for investigating groundwater nitrate contamination responses associated with nitrogen (N) fertilizer application and increased corn production. The coupled Community Multiscale Air Quality Bidirect...
Planning for community resilience to future United States domestic water demand (JOURNAL)
Costs of repairing and expanding aging infrastructure and competing demands for water from other sectors such as industry and agriculture are stretching water managers’ abilities to meet essential domestic drinking water needs for future generations. Using Bayesian statistical mo...
Universal industrial sectors integrated solutions modulefor the pulp and paper industry (JOURNAL)
The U.S. is the world’s second-leading producer of pulp and paper products after China. While the pulp and paper industry has reduced its environmental impacts, concerns remain regarding the emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOX) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) from the sector. Boilers, ...
Integrating Land Use and Socioeconomic Factors into Scenario-Based Travel Demand and Carbon Emission Impact Study (JOURNAL)
Urban sprawl continues since the last century, leading to a rapid increase in automobile ownership and vehicle travel demand, while resulting in more traffic congestion and automobile emissions. Land use, serving as a source of travel demand, can significantly impact travel behav...
Simulated juvenile salmon growth and phenology respond to altered thermal regimes and stream network shape (JOURNAL)
Context. Thermally diverse habitats may afford fish protection from climate change by providing opportunities to behaviorally optimize growing conditions. However, it is unclear what role the spatial properties of river networks will play in determining risk. Objectives. We hypot...
Basin-wide impacts of climate change on ecosystem services in the Lower Mekong Basin (JOURNAL)
Water resources support more than 60 million people in the Lower Mekong Basin (LMB) and are important for food security—especially rice production—and economic security. This study aims to quantify water yield under near- and long-term climate scenarios and assess the...
Hydrologic impacts of climate change and urbanization in Las Vegas Wash Watershed, Nevada (JOURNAL)
In this study, a cell-based model for the Las Vegas Wash (LVW) Watershed in Clark County, Nevada, was developed by combining the traditional hydrologic modeling methods (Thornthwaite’s water balance model and the Soil Conservation Survey’s Curve Number method) with the pixel-base...
Climate Change Impacts on US Agriculture and Forestry: Implications of Global Climate Stabilization (JOURNAL)
Increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide levels, higher temperatures, altered precipitation patterns, and other climate change impacts have already begun to affect US agriculture and forestry, with impacts expected to become more substantial in the future. Although there have been n...
Role of future scenarios in understanding deep uncertainty in long-term air quality management (JOURNAL)
The environment and its interactions with human systems, whether economic, social or political, are complex. Relevant drivers may disrupt system dynamics in unforeseen ways, making it difficult to predict future conditions. This kind of deep uncertainty presents a challenge to ...
Evaluation of near surface ozone and particulate matter in air quality simulations driven by dynamically downscaled historical meteorological fields (JOURNAL)
In this study, techniques typically used for future air quality projections are applied to a historical 11-year period to assess the performance of the modeling system when the driving meteorological conditions are obtained using dynamical downscaling of coarse-scale fields witho...
The Effects of Global Change upon United States Air Quality (JOURNAL)
To understand more fully the effects of global changes on ambient concentrations of ozone and particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter smaller than 2.5 μm (PM<SUB>2.5</SUB>) in the US, we conducted a comprehensive modeling effort to evaluate explicitly the effects of change...
The effects of chronological age and size on toxicity of zinc to juvenile brown trout (JOURNAL)
A series of toxicity tests were conducted to investigate the role of chronological age and organism weight on zinc tolerance in juvenile brown trout (Salmo trutta). Four different incubation temperatures were used to control the maturation of the juveniles prior to zinc exposure...
Translating Big Data into Big Climate Ideas: Communicating Future Climate Scenarios to Increase Interdisciplinary Engagement. (JOURNAL)
Climate change has emerged as the significant environmental challenge of the 21st century. Therefore, understanding our changing world has forced researchers from many different fields of science to join together to tackle complicated research questions. The climate change resear...
Quantifying and Monetizing Potential Climate Change Policy Impacts on Terrestrial Ecosystem Carbon Storage and Wildfires in the United States (JOURNAL)
This paper quantifies and monetizes climate change impacts on carbon stored in terrestrial vegetation and wildfire incidence in the contiguous United States to assess the benefits of alternative mitigation policies. The MC-1 dynamic global vegetation model was used to develop int...
Developing a model for effects of climate change on human health and health-environment interactions: Heat stress in Austin, Texas - Urban Climate (JOURNAL)
Human health and well-being are and will be affected by climate change, both directly through changes in extreme weather events and indirectly through weather-induced changes in human and natural systems. Populations are vulnerable to these changes in varying degrees, depending ...
The Geographic Distribution and Economic Value of Climate Change-Related Ozone Health Impacts in the United States in 2030 (JOURNAL)
In this U.S.-focused analysis we use outputs from two global climate models (GCMs) driven by different greenhouse gas forcing scenarios as inputs to regional climate and chemical transport models to investigate potential changes in near-term U.S. air quality due to climate change...
Strategic responses to CO2 emission reduction targets drive shift in U.S. electric sector water use (JOURNAL)
The reliance of the U.S. electric sector on water makes this sector vulnerable to climate change and variability. We use the EPAUS9r MARKAL model to investigate changes in U.S. electric sector water withdrawal and consumption through 2055 under alternative energy system-wide CO2...
Source Sector and Region Contributions to BC and PM2.5 in Central Asia (JOURNAL)
Particulate matter (PM) mass concentrations, seasonal cycles, source sector and source region contributions in Central Asia (CA) are analyzed for the period April 2008-July 2009 using the STEM chemical transport model and modeled meteorology from the WRF model. Predicted AOD valu...
Long-range climate impacts on crop yield and the implications of enacting global carbon mitigation policies (JOURNAL)
Research on climate impacts and agriculture over the past two decades has applied simulation models at a range of scales and future climate scenarios, finding that crop growth and yield responds to changing climate conditions, and that the impacts are regional and highly depende...
Climate change impacts on freshwater fish, coral reefs, and related ecosystem services in the United States (JOURNAL)
We analyzed the potential physical and economic impacts of climate change on freshwater fisheries and coral reefs in the United States, examining a reference scenario and two policy scenarios that limit global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. We modeled shifts in suitable habitat ...