Related Topics: Climate Change Research

Climate Change Research Products in the Science Inventory

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Records 1 to 25 of 456

Connecting Future Environmental Trends and Assessments of Fish and Wildlife Resources of Concern: A Case Study of Big Pine Key, Florida
(JOURNAL) [Published : Nov 05, 2022]
Changes in hydrologic and climatic trends will influence the ecology of Florida, including the Florida Keys, and sea-level rise scenarios agree that many areas of Florida are susceptible to sea-level rise impacts. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Climate Change Strategi...
Laying it on thick: Ecosystem effects of sediment placement on a microtidal Rhode Island salt marsh
(JOURNAL) [Published : Sep 06, 2022]
Heightened recognition of impacts to coastal salt marshes from sea-level rise has led to expanding interest in using thin-layer sediment placement (TLP) as an adaptation tool to enhance future marsh resilience. Building on successes and lessons learned from the Gulf and southeast...
Runnels mitigate marsh drowning in microtidal salt marshes
(JOURNAL) [Published : Nov 03, 2022]
As a symptom of accelerated sea level rise and historic impacts to tidal hydrology from agricultural and mosquito control activities, coastal marshes in the Northeastern U.S. are experiencing conversion to open water through edge loss, widening and headward erosion of tidal chann...
Temporal Stability of Seagrass Extent, Leaf Area, and Carbon Storage in St. Joseph Bay, Florida: a Semi-automated Remote Sensing Analysis
(JOURNAL) [Published : Nov 01, 2022]
Seagrasses are globally recognized for their contribution to blue carbon sequestration. However, accurate quantification of their carbon storage capacity remains uncertain due, in part, to an incomplete inventory of global seagrass extent and assessment of its temporal variabilit...
The extent to which soil hydraulics can explain ecohydrological separation
(JOURNAL) [Published : Oct 30, 2022]
The degree of water mixing in the critical zone is under intense debate. Field measurements of isotope ratios indicate varying degrees of separation between pools of water that supply streams and vegetation. The exact physical mechanisms behind ecohydrologic separation are unknow...
ADAM: A web platform for graph-based modeling and optimization of supply chains
(JOURNAL) [Published : Sep 01, 2022]
Modeling and optimization are essential tasks that arise in the analysis and design of supply chains (SCs). SC models are essential for understanding emergent behavior such as transactions between participants, inherent value of products exchanged, as well as impact of externalit...
A Classification Framework to Assess Ecological, Biogeochemical, and Hydrologic Synchrony and Asynchrony
(JOURNAL) [Published : Aug 01, 2022]
Ecosystems in the Anthropocene face pressures from multiple, interacting forms of environmental change. These pressures, resulting from land use change, altered hydrologic regimes, and climate change, will likely change the synchrony of ecosystem processes as distinct components ...
Fuel layer specific pollutant emission factors for fire prone forest ecosystems of the western U.S. and Canada
(JOURNAL) [Published : Sep 21, 2022]
Wildland fires are a major source of gases and aerosols, and the production, dispersion, and transformation of fire emissions have significant ambient air quality impacts and climate interactions. The increase in the wildfire area burned and severity across the US and Canada in r...
First evaluation of ballast water management systems on operational ships for minimizing introductions of nonindigenous zooplankton
(JOURNAL) [Published : Sep 01, 2022]
Ballast water is a leading pathway for the global introduction of aquatic nonindigenous species. Most international ships are expected to install ballast water management systems (BWMS) by 2024 to treat ballast water before release. This study examines if ballast water disch...
Riparian vegetation shade restoration and loss effects on recent and future stream temperatures
(JOURNAL) [Published : Sep 01, 2022]
River temperatures are expected to increase this century harming species requiring cold-water habitat unless restoration activities protect or improve habitat availability. Local shading by riparian vegetation can cool water temperatures, but uncertainty exists over the scaling o...
Natural and anthropogenic controls on lake water-level decline and evaporation-to-inflow ratio in the conterminous US
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jul 01, 2022]
Lake hydrology is integral to lake ecological condition, but human-related water needs and changing climate conditions may alter hydrology beyond natural ranges. Separating natural and human effects can support lake management and assessment and requires a clear conceptual unders...
Ocean acidification but not nutrient enrichment reduces grazing and alters diet preference in Littorina littorea
(JOURNAL) [Published : Aug 15, 2022]
Ocean acidification and eutrophication have direct, positive effects on the growth of many marine macroalgae, potentially resulting in macroalgal blooms and shifts in ecosystem structure and function. Enhanced growth of macroalgae, however, may be controlled by the presence of gr...
Modeled vegetation community trajectories: Effects from climate change, atmospheric nitrogen deposition, and soil acidification recovery
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jul 28, 2022]
Forest understory plant communities in the United States are diverse and often sensitive to changes in climate and atmospheric inputs of nitrogen (N) caused by air pollution. Recently, understory vegetation response functions (expressed as Probability of Occurrence of Plant Speci...
Modeling Streamflow and Water Quality Sensitivity to Climate Change and Urban Development in 20 U.S. Watersheds.
(JOURNAL) [Published : Oct 01, 2015]
Watershed modeling in 20 large, United States (U.S.) watersheds addresses gaps in our knowledge of streamflow, nutrient (nitrogen and phosphorus), and sediment loading sensitivity to mid-21st Century climate change and urban/residential development scenarios. Use of a consistent ...
Property values and cyanobacterial algal blooms: Evidence from satellite monitoring of Inland Lakes
(JOURNAL) [Published : Sep 01, 2022]
We examine how the frequency of cyanobacterial harmful algal blooms (cyanoHABs) generates economic costs through the mechanism of residential property values. We assemble nearly two decades worth of nationwide data on property sales near US inland lakes along as well as...
Observed Changes in the Frequency, Intensity, and Spatial Patterns of Nine Natural Hazards in the United States from 2000 to 2019
(JOURNAL) [Published : Apr 01, 2022]
There is increasing evidence from across the globe that climate change results in changes in the frequency, location, and impact of natural hazards. Much of this evidence is conceptual, inferential, or simply assumed. To provide objective support to confirm these hypotheses, we c...
Wildfire Smoke and Public Health: Science and Technology Development to Reduce Risk
(JOURNAL) [Published : May 01, 2022]
Startling images of smoke-filled skies have filled the news and social media in recent years during major wildfires in the U.S. (Figure 1). In 2020, over 10 million acres burned from nearly 59,000 wildland fires, including wildfires and prescribed fires (National Interagency Coor...
Assessing placement bias of the global river gauge network
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jul 01, 2022]
Knowing where and when rivers flow is paramount to managing freshwater ecosystems. Yet stream gauging stations are distributed sparsely across rivers globally and may not capture the diversity of fluvial network properties and anthropogenic influences. Here we evaluate the placem...
Comprehensive evaluations of diurnal NO2 measurements during DISCOVER-AQ 2011: effects of resolution-dependent representation of NOx emissions
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jul 23, 2021]
Nitrogen oxides (NOx=NO2NO2) play a crucial role in the formation of ozone and secondary inorganic and organic aerosols, thus affecting human health, global radiation budget, and climate. The diurnal and spatial variations in NO2 are functions of emissions, advection, deposition,...
Modeling International Trade of Forest Products: Application of PPML to a Gravity Model of Trade
(JOURNAL) [Published : Aug 13, 2020]
To model international trade of forest products we use a gravity model of trade. In modeling trade, we estimate the impact of importer gross domestic product (GDP), exporter GDP, and distance between trading partners using Poisson pseudomaximum likelihood (PPML). When estimating...
Climate Change Shrinks and Fragments Habitats for Salmon in a Snow-Dependent Region
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jun 28, 2022]
Climate change threatens biodiversity through global alteration of habitats, but efficient conservation responses are often hindered by imprecise downscaling of impacts. Besides thermal effects, warming also drives important ancillary environmental changes, such as when river hyd...
Spatiotemporal variability in Swedish lake ecosystems
(JOURNAL) [Published : Mar 21, 2022]
Studying ecosystem dynamics is critical to monitoring and managing linked systems of humans and nature. Due to the growth of tools and techniques for collecting data, information on the condition of these systems is more widely available. While there are a variety of approaches f...
How deep to dig: effects of web-scraping search depth on hyperlink network analysis of environmental stewardship organizations
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jun 06, 2022]
Social network analysis (SNA) tools and concepts are essential for addressing many environmental management and sustainability issues. One method to gather SNA data is to scrape them from environmental organizations’ websites. Web-based research can provide important opport...
Satellites quantify the spatial extent of cyanobacterial blooms across the United States at multiple scales
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jul 01, 2022]
Previous studies indicate that cyanobacterial harmful algal bloom (cyanoHAB) frequency, extent, and magnitude have increased globally over the past few decades. However, little quantitative capability is available to assess these metrics of cyanoHABs across broad geographic scale...
Linking multi-media modeling with machine learning to assess and predict lake chlorophyll a concentrations
(JOURNAL) [Published : Dec 13, 2021]
Eutrophication and excessive algal growth pose a threat on aquatic organisms and the health of the public, environment, and the economy. Understanding what drives excessive algal growth can inform mitigation measures and aid in advance planning to minimize impacts....