Related Topics: Climate Change Research

Climate Change Research Products in the Science Inventory

Records 1 to 25 of 50

Using a Simple Climate Model to Project Emissions Mitigation Opportunities in the Transportation Sector (JOURNAL)
An analysis of mobile carbon capture methods
HTAP_v2.2: a mosaic of regional and global emission grid maps for 2008 and 2010 to study hemispheric transport of air pollution (JOURNAL)
The mandate of the Task Force Hemispheric Transport of Air Pollution (TF HTAP) under the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP) is to improve the scientific understanding of the intercontinental air pollution transport, to quantify impacts on human health, ...
Detention Outlet Retrofit Improves the Functionality of Existing Detention Basins by Reducing Erosive Flows in Receiving Channels (JOURNAL)
Journal Article
The effectiveness of Light Rail transit in achieving regional CO2 emissions targets is linked to building energy use: insights from system dynamics modeling (JOURNAL)
Cities worldwide face the challenges of accommodating a growing population, while reducing emissions to meet climate mitigation targets. Public transit investments are often proposed as a way to curb emissions while maintaining healthy urban economies. However, cities face a syst...
Land use, climate, and water resources – global stages of interaction (JOURNAL)
Land use and climate change can accelerate the depletion of freshwater resources that support humans and ecosystem services on a global scale. Here, we briefly review studies from around the world, including those in this special issue. We identify stages, which characterize i...
Universal industrial sectors integrated solutions modulefor the pulp and paper industry (JOURNAL)
The U.S. is the world’s second-leading producer of pulp and paper products after China. While the pulp and paper industry has reduced its environmental impacts, concerns remain regarding the emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOX) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) from the sector. Boilers, ...
Climate Change Impacts on US Water Quality using two Models: HAWQS and US Basins (JOURNAL)
Climate change and freshwater quality are well-linked. Changes in climate result in changes in streamflow and rising water temperatures, which impact biochemical reaction rates and increase stratification in lakes and reservoirs. Using two water quality modeling systems (the Hydr...
Focus on Agriculture and Forestry Benefits of Reducing Climate Change Impacts (JOURNAL)
The objective of this focus issue is to present the methods and results of modeling exercises that estimate the impacts of climate change on agriculture and forestry under a consistent set of climate projections that represent futures with and without global-scale GHG mitigation....
Cost of reactive nitrogen release from human activities to the environment in the United States (JOURNAL)
The leakage of reactive nitrogen (N) from human activities to the environment can cause human health and ecological problems. Often these harmful effects are not reflected in the costs of food, fuel, and fiber that derive from N use. Spatial analyses of economic costs and benef...
Sea Level Rise National Coastal Property Model (JOURNAL)
The impact of sea level rise on coastal properties depends critically on the human response to the threat, which in turn depends on several factors, including the immediacy of the risk, the magnitude of property value at risk, options for adapting to the threat and the cost of th...
Climate Change Impacts on US Agriculture and Forestry: Implications of Global Climate Stabilization (JOURNAL)
Increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide levels, higher temperatures, altered precipitation patterns, and other climate change impacts have already begun to affect US agriculture and forestry, with impacts expected to become more substantial in the future. Although there have been n...
Climate Change Impacts and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Effects on U.S. Hydropower Generation (JOURNAL)
Climate change will have potentially significant effects on hydropower generation due to changes in the magnitude and seasonality of river runoff and increases in reservoir evaporation. These physical impacts will in turn have economic consequences through both producer revenues ...
Improving the representation of clouds, radiation, and precipitation using spectral nudging in the Weather Research and Forecasting model (JOURNAL)
Spectral nudging – a scale-selective interior constraint technique – is commonly used in regional climate models to maintain consistency with large-scale forcing while permitting mesoscale features to develop in the downscaled simulations. Several studies have demonst...
Economic and environmental evaluation of coal-and-biomass-to-liquids-and-electricity plants equipped with carbon capture and storage (JOURNAL)
Among various clean energy technologies, one innovative option for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions involves pairing carbon capture and storage (CCS) with the production of synthetic fuels and electricity from co-processed coal and biomass. With a relatively pure CO2 strea...
Global climate change: The quantifiable sustainability challenge (JOURNAL)
Population growth and the pressures spawned by increasing demands for energy and resource-intensive goods, foods and services are driving unsustainable growth in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Recent GHG emission trends are consistent with worst-case scenarios of the previous de...
A review of water use in the U.S. electric power sector: insights from systems-level perspectives (JOURNAL)
Thermoelectric power production comprised 41% of total freshwater withdrawals in the U.S., surpassing even agriculture. This review highlights scenarios of the electric sector’s future demands for water, including scenarios that limit both CO2 and water availability. A number o...
Quantifying and Monetizing Potential Climate Change Policy Impacts on Terrestrial Ecosystem Carbon Storage and Wildfires in the United States (JOURNAL)
This paper quantifies and monetizes climate change impacts on carbon stored in terrestrial vegetation and wildfire incidence in the contiguous United States to assess the benefits of alternative mitigation policies. The MC-1 dynamic global vegetation model was used to develop int...
Developing a model for effects of climate change on human health and health-environment interactions: Heat stress in Austin, Texas - Urban Climate (JOURNAL)
Human health and well-being are and will be affected by climate change, both directly through changes in extreme weather events and indirectly through weather-induced changes in human and natural systems. Populations are vulnerable to these changes in varying degrees, depending ...
Interactive effects of anthropogenic nitrogen enrichment and climate change on terrestrial and aquatic biodiversity (JOURNAL)
Climate change and Nr from anthropogenic activities are causing some of the most rapid changes in biodiversity in recent times. Climate change is causing warming trends that result in poleward and elevational range shiftsof flora and fauna, and changes in phenology, particularly ...
GHG Mitigation Options Database (GMOD) and Analysis Tool (JOURNAL)
There is a growing consensus among scientists, agencies, and nonprofit organizations that the primary cause of climate change is anthropogenic (resulting from human activity) greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (Figueroa et al., 2008). Given the strengthening science behind the human ...
Multiple Adaptation Types with Mitigation: A Framework for Policy Analysis (JOURNAL)
Effective climate policy will consist of mitigation and adaptation implemented simultaneously in a policy portfolio to reduce the risks of climate change. The relative share of these responses will vary over time and will be adjusted in response to new information. Furthermore,...
Long-range climate impacts on crop yield and the implications of enacting global carbon mitigation policies (JOURNAL)
Research on climate impacts and agriculture over the past two decades has applied simulation models at a range of scales and future climate scenarios, finding that crop growth and yield responds to changing climate conditions, and that the impacts are regional and highly depende...
Climate change risks to United States infrastructure: impacts on coastal development, roads, bridges, and urban drainage (JOURNAL)
Changes in temperature, precipitation, sea level, and coastal storms will likely increase the vulnerability of infrastructure across the United States. Using four models of vulnerability, impacts, and adaptation of infrastructure, its deployment, and its role in protecting econom...
Assessment of Projected Temperature Impacts from Climate Change on the U.S. Electric Power Sector Using the Integrated Planning Model (JOURNAL)
The energy sector is considered to be one of the most vulnerable to climate change. This study is a first-order analysis of the potential climate change impacts on the U.S. electric power sector, measuring the energy, environmental, and economic impacts of power system changes du...
The effects of climate sensitivity and carbon cycle interactions on mitigation policy stringency (JOURNAL)
Climate sensitivity and climate-carbon cycle feedbacks interact to determine how global carbon and energy cycles will change in the future. While the science of these connections is well documented, their economic implications are not well understood. Here we examine the effect o...