Related Topics: Climate Change Research

Climate Change Research Products in the Science Inventory

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Records 1 to 25 of 63

Fuel layer specific pollutant emission factors for fire prone forest ecosystems of the western U.S. and Canada
(JOURNAL) [Published : Sep 21, 2022]
Wildland fires are a major source of gases and aerosols, and the production, dispersion, and transformation of fire emissions have significant ambient air quality impacts and climate interactions. The increase in the wildfire area burned and severity across the US and Canada in r...
Linking multi-media modeling with machine learning to assess and predict lake chlorophyll a concentrations
(JOURNAL) [Published : Dec 13, 2021]
Eutrophication and excessive algal growth pose a threat on aquatic organisms and the health of the public, environment, and the economy. Understanding what drives excessive algal growth can inform mitigation measures and aid in advance planning to minimize impacts....
Sensitivity of Riparian Buffer Designs to Climate Change—Nutrient and Sediment Loading to Streams: A Case Study in the Albemarle-Pamlico River Basins (USA) Using HAWQS
(JOURNAL) [Published : Nov 09, 2021]
Riparian buffer zones (RBZs) provide multiple benefits to watershed ecosystems. We aimed to conduct an extensive sensitivity analysis of the RBZ designs to climate change nutrient and sediment loadings to streams. We designed 135 simulation scenarios starting with the six baselin...
Improving global flood and drought predictions: integrating non-floodplain wetlands into watershed hydrologic models
(JOURNAL) [Published : Sep 03, 2021]
The world's climate is changing rapidly. Projecting the extent of flood and droughts in response to a changing climate requires robust hydrologic models. These models must consider not only in-stream hydraulics but also watershed hydrologic processes—such as changes in soil...
How much will climate change mitigation in the global forest sector cost? Spatial, temporal, and distributional considerations
(JOURNAL)
We use the Global Timber Model, a dynamic economic model which accounts for intertemporal trade-offs, market feedbacks, and opportunity costs, to project global forest sector mitigation potential and costs for five abatement activities across sixteen global regions.
Satellite remote sensing to assess cyanobacterial bloom frequency across the United States at multiple spatial scales
(JOURNAL) [Published : Sep 01, 2021]
Cyanobacterial blooms can have negative effects on human health and local ecosystems. Field monitoring of cyanobacterial blooms can be costly, but satellite remote sensing has shown utility for more efficient spatial and temporal monitoring across the United States. Her...
Reconstruction of Sea-Land Interactions between Terrestrial Vegetation Cover and Water Quality Constituents in the Mattapoisett Harbor Area During the 1991 Hurricane Bob Event
(JOURNAL) [Published : Nov 12, 2019]
Hurricane Bob passed over the New England region in August 1991, causing significant damage to life, property, and the environment, making it one of the costliest hurricanes in New England history. The environmental impact of a hurricane of this magnitude warrants careful assessm...
The Hydrologic Role of Urban Green Space in Mitigating Flooding (Luohe, China)
(JOURNAL) [Published : Oct 09, 2018]
Changing climate patterns and urbanization drives severe flooding in urban centers, and brings an increased interest in the mitigation of flood conditions with low-impact development (LID). Situated in the confluence of two major rivers, Luohe city (central China) is rapidly deve...
Coerced regimes: management challenges in the Anthropocene
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jan 01, 2020]
Management frequently creates system conditions that poorly mimic the conditions of a desirable self-organizing regime. Such management is ubiquitous across complex systems of people and nature and will likely intensify as these systems face rapid change. However, it is highly ...
Development of a Multi-Hazard Landscape for Exposure and Risk Interpretation: The PRISM Approach
(JOURNAL) [Published : Feb 04, 2019]
Multi-hazard risk assessment has long been centered on small scale needs, whereby a single community or group of communities’ exposures are assessed to determine potential mitigation strategies. While this approach has advanced the understanding of hazard interactions, it i...
Universal industrial sectors integrated solutions modulefor the pulp and paper industry
(JOURNAL) [Published : Sep 01, 2017]
The U.S. is the world’s second-leading producer of pulp and paper products after China. While the pulp and paper industry has reduced its environmental impacts, concerns remain regarding the emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOX) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) from the sector. Boilers, ...
Rubbertown Next Generation Emissions Measurements Demonstration Project June 2019
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jun 08, 2019]
Product Description: Industrial facilities have the potential to emit volatile organic compounds (VOCs), hazardous air pollutants (HAPs), and odorous species from unintended sources including fugitive leaks, process malfunctions, and improperly controlled operations. Stochastic i...
Ozone-related asthma emergency department visits in the US in a warming climate
(JOURNAL) [Published : Apr 01, 2020]
Ozone exposure is associated with higher risk of asthma-related emergency department visits. The meteorological conditions that govern ozone concentration are projected to be more favorable to ozone formation over much of the United States due to continued climate change, even as...
Managing Local Stressors for Coral Reef Condition and Ecosystem Services Delivery Under Climate Scenarios
(JOURNAL) [Published : Nov 09, 2018]
Coral reefs provide numerous ecosystem goods and services, but are threatened by multiple environmental and anthropogenic stressors. To identify management scenarios that will reverse or mitigate ecosystem degradation, managers can benefit from tools that can quantify projected c...
Individual Based Modelling of Fish Migration in a 2-D River System:Model Development and Case Study
(JOURNAL) [Published : Apr 01, 2019]
Conditions within migration corridors that organisms move through can strongly influence their probability of surviving and arriving to their destinations. Diadromous fish populations in the Pacific Northwest face challenges along their migratory routes from declining habitat qua...
HTAP_v2.2: a mosaic of regional and global emission grid maps for 2008 and 2010 to study hemispheric transport of air pollution
(JOURNAL) [Published : Oct 15, 2015]
The mandate of the Task Force Hemispheric Transport of Air Pollution (TF HTAP) under the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP) is to improve the scientific understanding of the intercontinental air pollution transport, to quantify impacts on human health, ...
The effectiveness of Light Rail transit in achieving regional CO2 emissions targets is linked to building energy use: insights from system dynamics modeling
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jul 01, 2017]
Cities worldwide face the challenges of accommodating a growing population, while reducing emissions to meet climate mitigation targets. Public transit investments are often proposed as a way to curb emissions while maintaining healthy urban economies. However, cities face a syst...
Land use, climate, and water resources – global stages of interaction
(JOURNAL) [Published : Oct 24, 2017]
Land use and climate change can accelerate the depletion of freshwater resources that support humans and ecosystem services on a global scale. Here, we briefly review studies from around the world, including those in this special issue. We identify stages, which characterize i...
Climate Change Impacts on US Water Quality using two Models: HAWQS and US Basins
(JOURNAL) [Published : Feb 01, 2017]
Climate change and freshwater quality are well-linked. Changes in climate result in changes in streamflow and rising water temperatures, which impact biochemical reaction rates and increase stratification in lakes and reservoirs. Using two water quality modeling systems (the Hydr...
Focus on Agriculture and Forestry Benefits of Reducing Climate Change Impacts
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jun 08, 2017]
The objective of this focus issue is to present the methods and results of modeling exercises that estimate the impacts of climate change on agriculture and forestry under a consistent set of climate projections that represent futures with and without global-scale GHG mitigation....
Cost of reactive nitrogen release from human activities to the environment in the United States
(JOURNAL) [Published : Feb 17, 2015]
The leakage of reactive nitrogen (N) from human activities to the environment can cause human health and ecological problems. Often these harmful effects are not reflected in the costs of food, fuel, and fiber that derive from N use. Spatial analyses of economic costs and benef...
Sea Level Rise National Coastal Property Model
(JOURNAL)
The impact of sea level rise on coastal properties depends critically on the human response to the threat, which in turn depends on several factors, including the immediacy of the risk, the magnitude of property value at risk, options for adapting to the threat and the cost of th...
Climate Change Impacts on US Agriculture and Forestry: Implications of Global Climate Stabilization
(JOURNAL) [Published : Sep 01, 2015]
Increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide levels, higher temperatures, altered precipitation patterns, and other climate change impacts have already begun to affect US agriculture and forestry, with impacts expected to become more substantial in the future. Although there have been n...
Climate Change Impacts and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Effects on U.S. Hydropower Generation
(JOURNAL)
Climate change will have potentially significant effects on hydropower generation due to changes in the magnitude and seasonality of river runoff and increases in reservoir evaporation. These physical impacts will in turn have economic consequences through both producer revenues ...