Related Topics: Climate Change Research

Climate Change Research Products in the Science Inventory

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Records 1 to 25 of 738

High-resolution dynamically downscaled rainfall and temperature projections for ecological life zones within Puerto Rico and for the US Virgin Islands
(JOURNAL) [Published : Feb 17, 2021]
The Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model and a combination of the Regional Spectral Model (RSM) and the Japanese Meteorological Agency Non-Hydrostatic Model (NHM) were used to dynamically downscale selected CMIP5 global climate models to provide 2-km projections with hour...
Environmental effects of stratospheric ozone depletion, UV radiation, and interactions with climate change: UNEP Environmental Effects Assessment Panel, Update 2020
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jan 20, 2021]
Changes in solar UV radiation and climate have direct and indirect effects on the way in which cycling of elements (e.g., carbon, nitrogen and sulfur cycles) and the fate of contaminants occur in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. It is well established that a wide range of synt...
Surveillance for harmful algal bloom events and associated human and animal illnesses—One Health Harmful Algal Bloom System, United States, 2016—2018
(JOURNAL) [Published : Dec 18, 2020]
Harmful algal bloom (HAB) events can result from the rapid growth, or bloom, of photosynthesizing organisms in natural waterbodies. HAB events can be exacerbated by nutrient pollution and a warming climate (1) and can negatively impact the health of humans, animals, and the envir...
Comparison of EPIC-simulated and MODIS-derived Leaf Area Index (LAI) across multiple spatial scales
(JOURNAL) [Published : Aug 26, 2020]
Modeled leaf area index (LAI) in conjunction with satellite-derived LAI data streams may be used to support various regional and local scale air quality models for retrospective and future meteorological assessments. The Environmental Policy Integrated Climate (EPIC) model holds ...
Associations Between Simulated Future Changes in Climate, Air Quality, and Human Health
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jan 04, 2021]
Importance Future changes in climate are likely to adversely affect human health by affecting concentrations of particulate matter sized less than 2.5 μm (PM2.5) and ozone (O3) in many areas. However, the degree to which these outcomes may be mitigated by reducing air polluta...
Elevation and spatial structure explain most surface-water isotopic variation across five Pacific Coast basins
(JOURNAL) [Published : Apr 01, 2020]
The stable isotope ratios of stream water can be used to trace water sources within river basins; however, drivers of variation in water isotopic spatial patterns across basins must be understood before ecologically relevant and isotopically distinct water sources can be identifi...
Diets Enriched with Coconut, Fish, and Olive Oil Modify Peripheral Metabolic Effects of Ozone in Rats
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jan 01, 2021]
Dietary factors may modulate metabolic effects of air pollutant exposures. We hypothesized that diets enriched with coconut oil (CO), fish oil (FO), or olive oil (OO) would alter ozone-induced metabolic responses. Male Wistar-Kyoto rats (1-month-old) were fed normal diet (ND), or...
The impact of air pollution on terrestrial managed and natural vegetation.
(JOURNAL) [Published : Oct 30, 2020]
There is a long history of awareness of air pollution impacts on vegetation but until the twentieth century this was largely based on field observations of injury to vegetation in the absence of measurements of the pollutants. In the UK following the industrial revolution urban a...
Climate‐change refugia: biodiversity in the slow lane
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jun 01, 2020]
Climate‐change adaptation focuses on conducting and translating research to minimize the dire impacts of anthropogenic climate change, including threats to biodiversity and human welfare. One adaptation strategy is to focus conservation on climate‐change refugia (that is, areas r...
Offspring Susceptibility to Metabolic Alterations Due to Maternal High-Fat Diet and the Impact of Inhaled Ozone Used as a Stressor
(JOURNAL) [Published : Oct 01, 2020]
The influence of maternal high-fat diet (HFD) on metabolic response to ozone was examined in Long-Evans rat offspring. F0 females were fed control diet (CD; 10%kcal from fat) or HFD (60%kcal from fat) starting at post-natal day (PND) 30. Rats were bred on PND 72. Dietary regimen ...
Mutagenicity- and Pollutant-Emission Factors of Pellet-Fueled Gasifier Cookstoves: Comparison with Other Combustion Sources
(JOURNAL) [Published : Oct 15, 2020]
Emissions from solid-fuel burning cookstoves are associated with 3 to 4 million premature deaths annually and contribute significantly to climate-forcing. Pellet-fueled gasifier stoves have some emission factors (EFs) approaching those of gas-fuel stoves; however, their emissions...
Assessment of NO2 Observations during DISCOVER-AQ and KORUS-AQ Field Campaigns
(JOURNAL) [Published : May 19, 2020]
NASA’s Deriving Information on Surface Conditions from Column and Vertically Resolved Observations Relevant to Air Quality (DISCOVER-AQ, conducted in 2011–2014) campaign in the United States and the joint NASA and National Institute of Environmental Research (NIER) Korea–United S...
Associations Between Dust Storms and Intensive Care Unit Admissions in the United States, 2000-2015
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jun 29, 2020]
Anthropogenic climate change is influencing the incidence of dust storms and associated human exposure to coarse particulate matter (PM2.5-10) in the United States (US). Studies have found adverse health consequences related to dust exposure. These consequences include respirator...
Mass Spectrometric Identification of An Azobenzene Derivative Produced by Smectite-Catalyzed Conversion of 3-Amino-4-Hydroxphenylarsonic Acid
(JOURNAL) [Published : Mar 25, 2003]
We report here the first evidence of a possible mechanism for the formation of an azobenzene arsonic acid compound in the environment The compound was formed when 3-amino-4-hydroxyphenylarsonic acid (3-amino-HPAA) was added to aqueous suspensions of smectite clay The 3-amino-HPAA...
Evaluation of performance of household solar cookers
(JOURNAL) [Published : Sep 15, 2020]
Household solar cookers were evaluated according to ASAE (American Society of Agricultural Engineers) Standard S580.1 – Testing and Reporting Solar Cooker Performance. Per ASAE S580.1, standardized cooking power at a temperature difference of 50°C between ambient air a...
Predicting Secondary Organic Aerosol Phase State and Viscosity and its Effect on Multiphase Chemistry in a Regional Scale Air Quality Model
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jul 16, 2020]
Atmospheric aerosols are a significant public health hazard and have substantial impacts on the climate. Secondary organic aerosols (SOA) have been shown to phase separate into a highly viscous organic outer layer and an aqueous core. This phase separation can decrease the partit...
A Community EcoHealth Index from EnviroAtlas Ecosystem Services Metrics
(JOURNAL) [Published : Aug 02, 2019]
Human health is inextricably tied to ecosystem services (ES), including those associated with greenspace in urban communities. EnviroAtlas provides close to 100 maps of ES metrics based on high-resolution land cover data in featured communities across the contiguous United States...
Managing climate refugia for freshwater fishes under an expanding human footprint
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jun 01, 2020]
Within the context of climate adaptation planning, the concept of climate refugia has emerged as a potential framework for addressing future threats to cold-water fish populations. Our aim is to evaluate recent cold-water refugia management efforts within the context of human wat...
Combustion by-products and their health effects: Summary of the 16th international congress
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jan 01, 2021]
The 16th International Congress on Combustion By-Products and their Health Effects (PIC2019) was held in Ann Arbor, Michigan, from July 10 to 12, 2019. For the last 28 years, this conference has served as an interdisciplinary platform for the discussion of the formation, environm...
Sediment retention by natural landscapes in the conterminous United States
(JOURNAL) [Published : Nov 01, 2020]
Soil functions provide vital ecosystem services, from sequestering carbon to providing food and moderating floods. Soil erosion threatens the provisioning of these services while deteriorating downstream water quality. Vegetation plays an important role in soil retention – by hol...
Submerged Vegetation Responses to Climate Variation and Altered Hydrology in a Subtropical Estuary: Interpreting 33 Years of Change
(JOURNAL) [Published : Mar 13, 2020]
Links between hydrologic modifications, flow and salinity regimes, and submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) species composition and abundance were assessed with an empirical analysis of 33 years of monitoring data collected at nine sites in Florida’s Caloosahatchee River Estu...
Evaluating the Performance of Household Liquefied Petroleum Gas Cookstoves
(JOURNAL) [Published : Dec 15, 2017]
Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) cookstoves are considered to be an important solution for mitigating household air pollution; however, their performance has rarely been evaluated. To fill the data and knowledge gaps in this important area, laboratory tests (number of tests: 89) wer...
Environmental effects of stratospheric ozone depletion, UV radiation and interactions with climate change: UNEP Environmental Effects Assessment Panel, update 2019
(JOURNAL) [Published : May 20, 2020]
This assessment, by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Environmental Effects Assessment Panel (EEAP), one of three Panels informing the Parties to the Montreal Protocol, provides an update, since our previous extensive assessment (Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2019, 18...
Measuring Community Resilience to Natural Hazards: The Natural Hazard Resilience Screening Index (NaHRSI)—Development and Application to the United States
(JOURNAL) [Published : Nov 16, 2018]
Natural disasters often impose significant and long‐lasting stress on financial, social, and ecological systems. From Atlantic hurricanes to Midwest tornadoes to Western wildfires, no corner of the United States is immune from the threat of a devastating natural hazard even...
Development of a Multi-Hazard Landscape for Exposure and Risk Interpretation: The PRISM Approach
(JOURNAL) [Published : Feb 04, 2019]
Multi-hazard risk assessment has long been centered on small scale needs, whereby a single community or group of communities’ exposures are assessed to determine potential mitigation strategies. While this approach has advanced the understanding of hazard interactions, it i...