Related Topics: Climate Change Research

Climate Change Research Products in the Science Inventory

Refine Your Search

Search Again

or try advanced search

Search Within

Records 1 to 25 of 336

The Role of Social-Ecological Resilience in Coastal Zone Management: A Comparative Law Approach to Three Coastal Nations
(JOURNAL) [Published : Oct 25, 2019]
Around the globe, coastal communities are increasingly coping with changing environmental conditions as a result of climate change and ocean acidification, including sea level rise, more severe storms, and decreasing natural resources and ecosystem services. A natural adaptation ...
Comparison of EPIC-simulated and MODIS-derived Leaf Area Index (LAI) across multiple spatial scales
(JOURNAL) [Published : Aug 26, 2020]
Modeled leaf area index (LAI) in conjunction with satellite-derived LAI data streams may be used to support various regional and local scale air quality models for retrospective and future meteorological assessments. The Environmental Policy Integrated Climate (EPIC) model holds ...
Panarchy: opportunities and challenges for ecosystem management
(JOURNAL) [Published : Dec 01, 2020]
Addressing unexpected events and uncertainty represents one of the grand challenges of the Anthropocene, yet ecosystem management is constrained by existing policy and laws that were not formulated to deal with today's accelerating rates of environmental change. In many cases, ma...
The impact of air pollution on terrestrial managed and natural vegetation.
(JOURNAL) [Published : Oct 30, 2020]
There is a long history of awareness of air pollution impacts on vegetation but until the twentieth century this was largely based on field observations of injury to vegetation in the absence of measurements of the pollutants. In the UK following the industrial revolution urban a...
Climate‐change refugia: biodiversity in the slow lane
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jun 01, 2020]
Climate‐change adaptation focuses on conducting and translating research to minimize the dire impacts of anthropogenic climate change, including threats to biodiversity and human welfare. One adaptation strategy is to focus conservation on climate‐change refugia (that is, areas r...
Factors influencing carbon stocks and accumulation rates in eelgrass meadows across New England, USA
(JOURNAL) [Published : Dec 01, 2020]
Increasing the protection of coastal vegetated ecosystems has been suggested as one strategy to compensate for increasing carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere as the capacity of these habitats to sequester and store carbon exceeds that of terrestrial habitats. Seagrasses are a ...
Environmental and cost benefits of co-digesting food waste at wastewater treatment facilities
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jul 15, 2020]
The wastewater industry is undergoing a paradigm shift from focusing solely on treatment to incorporating concepts aimed at mitigating environmental impacts such as energy and nutrient recovery and water reuse. This study uses life cycle assessment and life cycle cost analysis to...
Applying the index of watershed integrity to the Matanuska–Susitna basin
(JOURNAL) [Published : Aug 27, 2020]
The Matanuska–Susitna Borough is the fastest growing region in the State of Alaska and is impacted by a number of human activities. We conducted a multiscale assessment of the stressors facing the borough by developing and mapping the Index of Watershed Integrity (IWI) and ...
Mass Spectrometric Identification of An Azobenzene Derivative Produced by Smectite-Catalyzed Conversion of 3-Amino-4-Hydroxphenylarsonic Acid
(JOURNAL) [Published : Mar 25, 2003]
We report here the first evidence of a possible mechanism for the formation of an azobenzene arsonic acid compound in the environment The compound was formed when 3-amino-4-hydroxyphenylarsonic acid (3-amino-HPAA) was added to aqueous suspensions of smectite clay The 3-amino-HPAA...
A Community EcoHealth Index from EnviroAtlas Ecosystem Services Metrics
(JOURNAL) [Published : Aug 02, 2019]
Human health is inextricably tied to ecosystem services (ES), including those associated with greenspace in urban communities. EnviroAtlas provides close to 100 maps of ES metrics based on high-resolution land cover data in featured communities across the contiguous United States...
Sediment retention by natural landscapes in the conterminous United States
(JOURNAL) [Published : Nov 01, 2020]
Soil functions provide vital ecosystem services, from sequestering carbon to providing food and moderating floods. Soil erosion threatens the provisioning of these services while deteriorating downstream water quality. Vegetation plays an important role in soil retention – by hol...
Submerged Vegetation Responses to Climate Variation and Altered Hydrology in a Subtropical Estuary: Interpreting 33 Years of Change
(JOURNAL) [Published : Mar 13, 2020]
Links between hydrologic modifications, flow and salinity regimes, and submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) species composition and abundance were assessed with an empirical analysis of 33 years of monitoring data collected at nine sites in Florida’s Caloosahatchee River Estu...
Development of a Multi-Hazard Landscape for Exposure and Risk Interpretation: The PRISM Approach
(JOURNAL) [Published : Feb 04, 2019]
Multi-hazard risk assessment has long been centered on small scale needs, whereby a single community or group of communities’ exposures are assessed to determine potential mitigation strategies. While this approach has advanced the understanding of hazard interactions, it i...
Scientific Data Management in the Age of Big Data: An Approach Supporting a Resilience Index Development Effort
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jun 04, 2019]
The increased availability of publicly available data is, in many ways, changing our approach to conducting research. Not only are cloud-based information resources providing supplementary data to bolster traditional scientific activities (e.g., field studies, laboratory experime...
Surface Depression and Wetland Water Storage Improves Major River Basin Hydrologic Predictions
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jul 06, 2020]
Surface water storage in small yet abundant landscape depressions—including wetlands and other small waterbodies—is largely disregarded in conventional hydrologic modeling practices. No quantitative evidence exists of how their exclusion may lead to potentially inaccu...
Warmer Temperatures Reduce Net Carbon Uptake, but Do Not Affect Water Use, in a Mature Southern Appalachian Forest
(JOURNAL) [Published : Apr 15, 2018]
Increasing air temperature is expected to extend growing season length in temperate, broadleaf forests, leading to potential increases in evapotranspiration and net carbon uptake. However, other key processes affecting water and carbon cycles are also highly temperature-dependent...
A Review of Water Quality Responses to Air Temperature and Precipitation Changes 2: Nutrients, Algal Blooms, Sediment, Pathogens
(JOURNAL) [Published : Dec 20, 2018]
In this paper we review the published, scientific literature addressing the response of nutrients, sediment, pathogens, and cyanobacterial blooms to historical and potential future changes in air temperature and precipitation. The goal is to document how different attributes of w...
Modeling spatial and temporal variation in natural background specific conductivity
(JOURNAL) [Published : Apr 16, 2019]
Understanding how background levels of specific conductivity (SC) vary in streams temporally and spatially is needed to assess salinization of fresh water, establish reasonable thresholds and restoration goals, and determine vulnerability to extreme climate events like drought. W...
Realizing the Opportunities of Black carbon in Urban Soils: Implications for Water Quality Management with Green Infrastructure
(JOURNAL) [Published : Dec 10, 2018]
Soil ecosystem processes regulate the carbon cycle, and provide a sink for atmospheric black carbon (BC). Particularly in urban soil, BC may act as an effective sorbent of contaminants in green spaces. We determined soil hydrology, soil carbon pools (organic carbon, black carbon,...
Climate differentiates forest structure across a residential macrosystem
(JOURNAL) [Published : May 19, 2018]
The extent of urban ecological homogenization depends on how humans build, inhabit, and manage cities. Morphological and socio-economic facets of neighborhoods can drive the homogenization of forest cover, thus affecting urban ecological and hydrological processes, and ecosystem...
Regime shifts and panarchies in regional scale social-ecological water systems
(JOURNAL) [Published : Mar 17, 2017]
In this article we summarize histories of nonlinear, complex interactions among societal, legal, and ecosystem dynamics in six North American water basins, as they respond to changing climate. These case studies were chosen to explore the conditions for emergence of adaptive gove...
Detecting spatial regimes in ecosystems
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jan 01, 2017]
Research on early warning indicators has generally focused on assessing temporal transitions with limited application of these methods to detecting spatial regimes. Traditional spatial boundary detection procedures that result in ecoregion maps are typically based on ecological ...
Earth Observation-Based Ecosystem Services Indicators for National and Subnational Reporting of the Sustainable Development Goals
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jul 01, 2020]
Decision-making impacting sustainability occurs at national and subnational levels, highlighting the need for Earth observations (EO) and geospatial data for assessing Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) at multiple spatial extents and scales. EnviroAtlas, developed by the U.S. E...
Isolating Anthropogenic Wetland Loss by Concurrently Tracking Inundation and Land Cover Disturbance across the Mid-Atlantic Region, U.S.
(JOURNAL) [Published : May 05, 2020]
Global trends in wetland degradation and loss have created an urgency to monitor wetland extent, as well as track the distribution and causes of wetland loss. Satellite imagery can be used to monitor wetlands over time, but few efforts have attempted to distinguish anthropogenic ...
Zero or not? Causes and consequences of zero‐flow stream gage readings
(JOURNAL) [Published : Apr 27, 2020]
Streamflow observations can be used to understand, predict, and contextualize hydrologic, ecological, and biogeochemical processes and conditions in streams. Stream gages are point measurements along rivers where streamflow is measured, and are often used to infer upstream waters...