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Air Research Products in the Science Inventory

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Records 26 to 50 of 63

Carbon Offset Forestry: Forecasting Ecosystem Effects (COFFEE) Project Implementation Plan
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Sep 15, 2010]
COFFEE will evaluate the environmental impacts of implementing various COF practices by using the amount of total ecosystem C (TEC) sequestered in forests as the integrative response metric. These evaluations will be done for current-climate and future-climate scenarios and will...
Chapter 6. Impacts of Climate Change on Oregon's Coasts and Estuaries in "Oregon Climate Change Assessment Report"
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Dec 01, 2010]
In 2007 the Oregon legislature created a new Oregon Climate Change Research Institute (OCCRI), which is based at Oregon State University (OSU). As part of its charter, OCCRI is mandated to produce a biennial report for the state legislature synthesizing climate change impacts a...
Best Practices For Continuous Monitoring of Temperature and Flow In Wadeable Streams (Final Report)
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Jul 27, 2014]
This final report is a technical "best practices" document describing sensor deployment for and collection of continuous temperature and flow data at ungaged sites in wadeable streams. This document addresses questions related to equipment needs; configuration, placement, and ins...
Vulnerability Assessments In Support Of The Climate Ready Estuaries Program: A Novel Approach Using Expert Judgement, Volume Ii: Results For The Massachusetts Bays Program (Final Report)
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Mar 16, 2012]
As part of the Climate Ready Estuaries (CRE) program, the Global Change Research Program (GCRP) in the National Center for Environmental Assessment, Office of Research and Development at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has prepared a report exploring a new methodology fo...
Vulnerability Assessments In Support Of The Climate Ready Estuaries Program: A Novel Approach Using Expert Judgment, Volume I: Results For The San Francisco Estuary Partnership (Final Report)
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Feb 29, 2012]
As part of the Climate Ready Estuaries (CRE) program, the Global Change Research Program (GCRP) in the National Center for Environmental Assessment, Office of Research and Development at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has prepared this draft report exploring a new metho...
National Water Infrastructure Adaptation Assessment, Part I: Climate Change Adaptation Readiness Analysis
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Apr 26, 2016]
The report “National Water Infrastructure Adaptation Assessment” is comprised of four parts (Part I to IV), each in an independent volume. The Part I report presented herein describes a preliminary regulatory and technical analysis of water infrastructure and regulations in the ...
Applications of BASINS/HSPF to Data-Scarce Watersheds
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Mar 12, 2015]
Better Assessment Science Integrating Point and Nonpoint Sources (BASINS 4.1) is a program developed by the US EPA for local, regional, and state agencies responsible for water resources management, particularly, the development of total maximum loads (TMDLs) as required under th...
Watershed Management Optimization Support Tool (WMOST) v2: User Manual and Case Studies
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Jan 29, 2016]
The Watershed Management Optimization Support Tool (WMOST) is a decision support tool that evaluates the relative cost-effectiveness of management practices at the local or watershed scale. WMOST models the environmental effects and costs of management decisions in a watershed c...
Watershed Management Optimization Support Tool (WMOST) v2: Theoretical Documentation
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Nov 17, 2015]
The Watershed Management Optimization Support Tool (WMOST) is a decision support tool that evaluates the relative cost-effectiveness of management practices at the local or watershed scale. WMOST models the environmental effects and costs of management decisions in a watershed c...
Quantitative Models Describing Past and Current Nutrient Fluxes and Associated Ecosystem Level Responses in the Narragansett Bay Ecosystem
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Sep 29, 2015]
Multiple drivers, including nutrient loading and climate change, affect the Narragansett Bay ecosystem in Rhode Island/Massachusetts, USA. Managers are interested in understanding the timing and magnitude of these effects, and ecosystem responses to restoration actions. To provid...
REGIONAL ASSESSMENT OF FISH HEALTH: A PROTOTYPE METHODOLOGY AND CASE STUDY FOR THE ALBEMARLE-PAMLICO RIVER BASIN, NORTH CAROLINA
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Oct 01, 2002]
BASE (Basin-Scale Assessments for Sustainable Ecosystems) is a research program developed by the Ecosystems Research Division of the National Exposure Research Laboratory to explore and formulate approaches for assessing the sustainability of ecological resources within watershed...
COMPARISON OF HYDROLOGIC RESPONSES AT DIFFERENT WATERSHED SCALES
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Sep 30, 2004]
Land surface hydrology controls runoff production and the associated transport of sediments, and a wide variety of anthropogenic organic chemicals, and nutrients from upland landscape areas and hillslopes to streams and other water bodies. Based on interactions between landscape ...
UV EXPOSURE OF CORAL ASSEMBLAGES IN THE FLORIDA KEYS
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Oct 15, 2003]
Recent studies have indicated that solar radiation can be a significant stressor of coral assemblages in tropical and subtropical marine environments. Here we review the scientific literature related to the interactions of solar radiation with coral reefs, with emphasis on harm...
CORAL REEF BIOLOGICAL CRITERIA: USING THE CLEAN WATER ACT TO PROTECT A NATIONAL TREASURE
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Sep 08, 2010]
Coral reefs are declining at unprecedented rates worldwide due to multiple interactive stressors including climate change and land-based sources of pollution. The Clean Water Act (CWA) can be a powerful legal instrument for protecting water resources, including the biological inh...
Pettaquamscutt Cove Salt Marsh: Environmental Conditions and Historical Ecological Change
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Jun 01, 2014]
Using historic air photos and U.S. Coast Survey maps, historic vegetation changes were identified. Using surveys of vegetation and elevation, we measure elevation of Narrow River salt marshes, and compare it with other salt marshes in Rhode Island and neighboring states. Water ...
ADDITIONAL BENEFICIAL OUTCOMES OF IMPLEMENTING THE CHESAPEAKE BAY TMDL: Quantification and description of ecosystem services not monetized
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Jun 03, 2015]
Over the last 60 years, the Chesapeake Bay water quality and seagrass beds have diminished to the point that the system is less able to support abundant crabs and diverse fish, feed waterfowl, and produce safe recreational opportunities. Further, the long-term resilience of the B...
EPA Region 10 Climate Change and TMDL Pilot - Project Research Plan
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Feb 12, 2013]
Global climate change affects the fundamental drivers of the hydrological cycle. Evidence is growing that climate change will have significant ramifications for the nation’s freshwater ecosystems, as deviations in atmospheric temperature and precipitation patterns are more ...
Assessing Hydrologic Impacts of Future Land Cover Change Scenarios in the South Platte River Basin (CO, WY, & NE)
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Dec 04, 2014]
Long-term land-use and land cover change and their associated impacts pose critical challenges to sustaining vital hydrological ecosystem services for future generations. In this study, a methodology was developed to characterize hydrologic impacts from future urban growth throug...
Evaluation of Green Roof Water Quantity and Quality Performance in an Urban Climate
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Oct 14, 2014]
In this report we present an analysis of water benefits from an array of observed green roof and control (non-vegetated) roof project sites throughout NYC. The projects are located on a variety of building sites and represent a diverse set of available extensive green roof instal...
A Screening Assessment of the Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Combined Sewer Overflow (Cso) Mitigation in the Great Lakes and New England Regions (External Review Draft)
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Mar 23, 2007]
EPA has released this draft document solely for the purpose of pre-dissemination peer review under applicable information quality guidelines. This document has not been formally disseminated by EPA. It does not represent and should not be construed to represent any Agency policy ...
A Screening Assessment of the Potential Impacts of Climate Change on the Costs of Implementing Water Quality-Based Effluent Limits at Publicly-Owned Treatment Works (Potws) in the Great Lakes Region (External Review Draft)
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Mar 23, 2007]
EPA has released this draft document solely for the purpose of pre-dissemination peer review under applicable information quality guidelines. This document has not been formally disseminated by EPA. It does not represent and should not be construed to represent any Agency policy ...
Effects of Climate Change on Aquatic Invasive Species and Implications for Management and Research (External Review Draft)
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Jul 26, 2007]
This draft report reviews available literature on climate change effects on aquatic invasive species (AIS) and examines state level AIS management activities.
Climate Change Effects on Stream and River Biological Indicators: A Preliminary Analysis (External Review Draft)
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Jul 26, 2007]
This draft report is a preliminary assessment that describes how biological indicators are likely to respond to climate change, how well current sampling schemes may detect climate-driven changes, and how likely it is that these sampling schemes will continue to detect impairment...
Climate and Land Use Change Effects on Ecological Resources in Three Watersheds: A Synthesis Report (External Review Draft)
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Jul 26, 2007]
The purpose of this draft report is to provide a summary of climate change impacts to selected watersheds and recommendations for how to improve the process of conducting watershed assessments in the future.
Best Practices for Continuous Monitoring of Temperature and Flow in Wadeable Streams (External Review Draft)
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Oct 31, 2013]
This external review draft report is a technical "best practices" document describing sensor deployment for and data collection of continuous temperature and flow at ungaged sites in wadeable streams. This document addresses questions related to equipment needs; configuration, pl...