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Records 1 to 25 of 82

Climate change, riverine flood risk and adaptation for the conterminous United States_
(JOURNAL) [Published : Aug 09, 2021]
This paper combines a building-level database of inland flood risk for the conterminous United States, reach-scale projections of changes in flood frequency under climate change, and property-level flood adaptation costs into a simple benefit cost framework. This framework enable...
Mere nuisance or growing threat? The physical and economic risks of high tide flooding on US road networks
(JOURNAL)
Coastal infrastructure has increasingly become more vulnerable to flooding. While many studies have shown that extreme events such as storm surge threaten to be ever more costly, less damaging but more frequent flood events remain understudied but potentially carry a comparable l...
Climate effects on US infrastructure: the economics of adaptation for rail, roads, and coastal development
(JOURNAL) [Published : Aug 19, 2021]
Changes in temperature, precipitation, sea level, and coastal storms will likely increase the vulnerability of infrastructure across the United States. Using three models that analyze vulnerability, impacts, and adaptation, this paper estimates impacts to railroad, roads, and coa...
Resilience assessment of Puerto Rico’s coral reefs to inform reef management
(JOURNAL) [Published : Nov 05, 2019]
Globally increasing sea surface temperatures threaten coral reefs, both directly and through interactions with local stressors. More resilient reefs have a higher likelihood of returning to a coral-dominated state following a disturbance, such as a mass bleaching event. To advanc...
Forest Riparian Buffers Reduce Timber Harvesting Effects on Stream Temperature, but additional Climate Adaptation Strategies are likely needed under future conditions
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jan 01, 2021]
Stream water temperature imposes metabolic constraints on the health of cold-water fish like salmonids. Timber harvesting can reduce stream shading leading to higher water temperatures, while also altering stream hydrology. In the Pacific Northwest, riparian buffer requirements a...
Incorporating adaptation and resilience into an integrated watershed and coral reef management plan
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jun 24, 2021]
Changing environmental conditions are forcing natural resource managers and communities to adapt their strategies to account for global shifts in precipitation, temperature, sea level and more, all of which are occurring in addition to local human impacts. Adapting to threats fro...
A modified eco-efficiency framework and methodology for advancing the state of practice of sustainability analysis as applied to green infrastructure
(JOURNAL) [Published : Sep 01, 2017]
We propose a modified eco-efficiency (EE) framework and novel sustainability analysis methodology for green infrastructure (GI) practices used in water resource management. Green infrastructure practices such as rainwater harvesting (RWH), rain gardens, porous pavements, and gree...
The importance of warm habitat to the growth regime of cold-water fishes
(JOURNAL) [Published : Mar 25, 2021]
A common goal of biological adaptation planning is to identify and prioritize locations that remain suitably cool during the summer. This implicitly devalues areas that are ephemerally warm, even if they are suitable most of the year for mobile animals. Here we develop an alterna...
The Role of Social-Ecological Resilience in Coastal Zone Management: A Comparative Law Approach to Three Coastal Nations
(JOURNAL) [Published : Oct 25, 2019]
Around the globe, coastal communities are increasingly coping with changing environmental conditions as a result of climate change and ocean acidification, including sea level rise, more severe storms, and decreasing natural resources and ecosystem services. A natural adaptation ...
Toward Indicators of the Performance of US Infrastructures under Climate Change Risks
(JOURNAL) [Published : Nov 25, 2020]
Built infrastructures are increasingly disrupted by climate-related extreme events. Being able to monitor what climate change implies for US infrastructures is of considerable importance to all levels of decision-makers. A capacity to develop cross-cutting, widely applicable indi...
Adapting urban best management practices for resilience to long-term environmental changes
(JOURNAL) [Published : Dec 01, 2020]
Stormwater best management practices (BMPs) help mitigate the adverse effects of urban development on stream hydrology and water quality, and are widely specified in development requirements and watershed management plans. However, design of stormwater BMPs largely relies on expe...
Trihalomethane precursor reactivity changes in drinking water treatment unit processes during a storm event
(JOURNAL) [Published : Nov 01, 2019]
Source water quality greatly impacts the efficacy of water treatment unit processes and the formation of trihalomethanes (THMs) such as chloroform and bromoform. Current models of water treatment plant performance may not accurately capture how source water quality variation, suc...
Climate‐change refugia: biodiversity in the slow lane
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jun 01, 2020]
Climate‐change adaptation focuses on conducting and translating research to minimize the dire impacts of anthropogenic climate change, including threats to biodiversity and human welfare. One adaptation strategy is to focus conservation on climate‐change refugia (that is, areas r...
Assessing and Managing Design Storm Variability and Projection Uncertainty in a Changing Coastal Environment
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jun 15, 2020]
Coastal urban infrastructure and water programs are vulnerable to the impacts of long-term hydroclimatic changes and to the flooding and physical destruction of disruptive cyclones and storm surge. Water resilience or, inversely, vulnerability depends on design specifications of ...
Managing climate refugia for freshwater fishes under an expanding human footprint
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jun 01, 2020]
Within the context of climate adaptation planning, the concept of climate refugia has emerged as a potential framework for addressing future threats to cold-water fish populations. Our aim is to evaluate recent cold-water refugia management efforts within the context of human wat...
Characterizing Ohio River NOM Variability and Reconstituted-Lyophilized NOM as a Source Surrogate
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jan 01, 2017]
Surface water contains natural organic matter (NOM) that reacts with disinfectants creating disinfection byproducts (DBPs), some of which are USEPA regulated contaminants. Characterizing NOM can provide insight with respect to DBP formation and water treatment process adaptation...
Regime shifts and panarchies in regional scale social-ecological water systems
(JOURNAL) [Published : Mar 17, 2017]
In this article we summarize histories of nonlinear, complex interactions among societal, legal, and ecosystem dynamics in six North American water basins, as they respond to changing climate. These case studies were chosen to explore the conditions for emergence of adaptive gove...
Fine-Tuning ADAS Algorithm Parameters for Optimizing Traffic Safety and Mobility in Connected Vehicle Environment
(JOURNAL) [Published : Mar 01, 2017]
With the development of Connected Vehicle Technology that facilitates wireless communication among vehicles and road-side infrastructure, the Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) can be adopted as an effective tool for accelerating traffic safety and mobility optimization at...
Understanding and applying principles of social cognition and decision making in adaptive environmental governance
(JOURNAL) [Published : Mar 01, 2017]
Environmental governance systems are under greater pressure to adapt and to cope with increased social and ecological uncertainty from stressors like climate change. We review principles of social cognition and decision making that shape and constrain how environmental governance...
Balancing stability and flexibility in adaptive governance: an analysis of tools available in U.S. environmental law
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jun 30, 2017]
Adaptive governance must work “on the ground,” that is, it must operate through structures and procedures that the people it governs perceive to be legitimate and fair, as well as incorporating processes and substantive goals that are effective in allowing social-ecological syste...
The Role of Law in Adaptive Governance
(JOURNAL) [Published : Mar 01, 2017]
The term “governance” encompasses both governmental and nongovernmental participation in collective choice and action. Law dictates the structure, boundaries, rules, and processes within which governmental action takes place, and in doing so becomes one of the focal points for an...
Land-Use/Land-Cover Change from Socio-Economic Drivers and Their Impact on Biodiversity in Nan Province, Thailand
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jan 26, 2019]
The rate of deforestation declined steadily in Thailand since the year 2000 due to economic transformation away from forestry. However, these changes did not occur in Nan Province located in northern Thailand. Deforestation is expected to continue due to high demand for forest pr...
Short-term effect of simulated salt marsh restoration by sand-amendment on sediment bacterial communities
(JOURNAL) [Published : Apr 29, 2019]
Coastal climate adaptation strategies are needed to build salt marsh resiliency and maintain critical ecosystem services in response to impacts caused by climate change. Although resident microbial communities perform crucial biogeochemical cycles for salt marsh functioning, thei...
Informing Future Risks of Record‐Level Rainfall in the United States
(JOURNAL) [Published : Apr 10, 2019]
The changing risk of extreme precipitation is difficult to project. Events are rare by definition, and return periods of heavy precipitation events are often calculated assuming a stationary climate. Furthermore, ensembles of climate model projections are not large enough to full...
Application of Climate Assessment Tool (CAT) to Estimate Climate Variability Impacts on Nutrient Loading from Local Watersheds
(JOURNAL) [Published : Aug 01, 2018]
A vast amount of future climate scenario datasets, created by climate models such as general circulation models (GCMs), have been used in conjunction with watershed models to project future climate variability impact on hydrological processes and water quality. However, these low...