Office of Research and Development Publications

Records 1 to 25 of 535 Published Reports from ORD published between 08/21/2013 and 08/21/2018

Material Compatibility for Historic Items Decontaminated with Gamma Irradiation (PUBLISHED REPORT)
Report
Procedure and Key Optimization Strategies for an Automated CapillaryElectrophoretic-based Immunoassay Method (PUBLISHED REPORT)
New technologies that utilize capillary-based immunoassays promise faster and more quantitative protein assessment compared to traditional immunoassays. However, similar to other antibody-based protein assays, optimization of capillary-based immunoassay parameters, such as protei...
Petroleum Vapor Intrusion Modeling Assessment with PVIScreen (PUBLISHED REPORT)
Vapor intrusion of petroleum compounds differs from that of chlorinated solvents because of the dominant effect of aerobic biodegradation on the concentration and distribution of petroleum vapors. To better understand the behavior of petroleum compounds, a model called PVIScree...
Drinking Water Treatment Source Water Early Warning System State of the Science Review (PUBLISHED REPORT)
Report
An Approach that Uses the Concentrations of Hydrocarbon Compounds in Soil Gas at the Source of Contamination to Evaluate the Potential for Intrusion of Petroleum Vapors into Buildings (PVI) (PUBLISHED REPORT)
If motor fuels are spilled from underground storage tanks, petroleum hydrocarbons can vaporize from the spill and move as a vapor through the unsaturated zone. If a building is sited above or near the spill, the hydrocarbons may intrude into the air space of the building. This ...
NIEHS/EPA Children’s Environmental Health and Disease Prevention Research Centers: Protecting Children’s Health Where They Live, Learn, and Play (PUBLISHED REPORT)
In 1997, EPA and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) partnered to form the Children's Environmental Health and Disease Prevention Research Centers. This impact report summarizes the history of the program, scientific findings since the program's incept...
Threat Ensemble Vulnerability Assessment – Sensor Placement Optimization Tool (TEVA-SPOT) Graphical User Interface User’s Manual (PUBLISHED REPORT)
This report provides an updated User’s Manual for the Threat Ensemble Vulnerability Assessment – Sensor Placement Optimization Tool (TEVA-SPOT), graphical user interface (GUI) software program. The TEVA-SPOT software tool quantifies consequences from an array of contaminant-rele...
Scientific and Technical Advisory Committee Peer Review of Revised James River Chlorophyll-a Criteria and Assessment (PUBLISHED REPORT)
The report addresses three charge questions that were proposed by the CB STAC. The panel noted that concerns outlined in a previous review (also published by STAC) had been earnestly considered in the new effort and that the VADEQ is on a path that will lead to scientifically de...
EPA-USDA-USGS Working Meeting on Management Strategies for Reactive Nitrogen and Co-Pollutants (PUBLISHED REPORT)
Scientists and managers from government, academia, NGOs and the private sector came together in June 2014 to review the science and management related to reactive nitrogen and co-pollutants (e.g., phosphorus, sulfur) across the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), U.S. Geologic...
2012 Annual Report to Characterize the Ottawa River Using Physical, Biological, and Chemical Lines of Evidence (PUBLISHED REPORT)
International concern about contaminated sediments is increasing as sustainable practices are needed to maintain water resources and waterways as important economic, commercial, recreational, and community resources. Sediments often serve as long-term sinks for legacy pollutants,...
Standing Operating Procedures (SOP) for the Development of Provisional Advisory Levels (PALs) for Hazardous Chemicals (PUBLISHED REPORT)
Report: This report has been completed under a peer review plan that included internal technical review and external peer review. It distinguishes the types of chemical risk information necessary to support emergency response decisions and emphasizes the importance of having adv...
Exposure Assessment of Livestock Carcass Management Options During a Foreign Animal Disease Outbreak (PUBLISHED REPORT)
Report—Exposure estimates were performed to rank the various livestock carcass management options relative to one another for a hypothetical site and mortality scenario from a potential biological incident. Assessment included an ordinal scale ranking (ranking of individual condi...
Users’ handbook supplement to the guidance document for developing and assessing AOPs (second edition) (PUBLISHED REPORT)
This document represents an internationally reviewed and endorsed “how to” guide for the development of adverse outcome pathways (AOPs) and evaluation of their weight of evidence. Adverse outcome pathway descriptions are used to capture and organize the biological und...
Relationships between Private Domestic Wells and Underground Storage Tanks: Evaluation of Mapping and Plume Transport Tool Implementations (PUBLISHED REPORT)
Well water from private domestic wells (hereafter private wells) is often not tested as private owners are exempt from sampling requirements of the Safe Drinking Water Act. Numerous incidents of contamination of water in private wells have been reported, however. Potential cont...
Predicting patterns of vulnerability to climate change in near coastal species using an algorithm-based risk assessment framework (PUBLISHED REPORT)
Near-coastal (0-200 depth) ecosystems and species are under threat from increasing temperatures, ocean acidification, and sea level rise. However, species vary in their vulnerability to specific climatic changes and climate impacts will vary geographically. For management to resp...
Life Cycle Assessment of Cooking Fuel Systems in India, China, Kenya, and Ghana (PUBLISHED REPORT)
Daily use of traditional cooking fuels and stoves in India, China, Kenya, and Ghana emits harmful air pollutants that result in over a million premature deaths annually. Reducing pollution from cookstoves is a key priority, as emissions from traditional cookstoves and open fires ...
Evaluation of Commercial Wet Vacuums for Anthrax Sampling (PUBLISHED REPORT)
This report by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA’s) Homeland Security Research Program (HSRP) strives to provide expertise and products that can be widely used to prevent, prepare for, and recover from public health and environmental emergencies arising from terrori...
Hydrologic Performance of Retrofit Rain Gardens in a Residential Neighborhood (Cleveland Ohio USA) with a Focus on Monitoring Methods (PUBLISHED REPORT)
Green infrastructure refers to a range of urban stormwater management tools that can be flexibly implemented. These practices can aid in mitigating the negative impacts of runoff by increasing catchment detention capacity. We studied two engineered rain gardens (Cleveland OH) tha...
Magee Scientific Model AE33 Aethalometer (PUBLISHED REPORT)
The Aethalometer™ is used for the real-time measurement of optically-absorbing ‘Black’ or ‘Elemental’ carbon aerosol particles. The name “Aethalometer” is derived from the classical Greek verb ‘aethaloun’ (αεθαλουν), meaning ‘to blacken with soot’. It was conceptualized in 1979, ...
Exposure Pathways to High-Consequence Pathogens in the Wastewater Collection and Treatment Systems (PUBLISHED REPORT)
Report--Provides information and a screening tool to perform an exposure assessment for emerging pathogens in wastewater systems
ECOTOXicology knowledgebase system user guide version 5.0 (PUBLISHED REPORT)
The ECOTOXicology knowledgebase (ECOTOX) is a comprehensive, curated database that summarizes toxicology data from single chemical exposure studies to terrestrial and aquatic organisms. The ECOTOX Knowledgebase provides risk assessors and researchers consistent information on tox...
ECOTOXicology knowledgebase reference guide (PUBLISHED REPORT)
The ECOTOXicology knowledgebase (ECOTOX) is a comprehensive, curated database that summarizes toxicology data from single chemical exposure studies to terrestrial and aquatic organisms. The ECOTOX Knowledgebase provides risk assessors and researchers consistent information on tox...
Evaluation of Diperadipic Acid as a Surface Decontaminant for Spore-Forming Biological Agents (PUBLISHED REPORT)
This report chronicles the study undertaken to evaluate the decontamination efficacy of diperadipic acid, under application conditions that were found to be effective for pH-adjusted bleach (a common sporicidal liquid). The results showed that diperadipic acid demonstrated >6 Lo...
Sampling, Laboratory and Data Considerations for Microbial Data Collected in the Field (PUBLISHED REPORT)
Report: An informational companion to the MicroSAP tool which includes considerations for sampling, analysis, and data interpretation that users might include in a sampling and analysis plan being developed for a microbiological contamination incident.
Exposure Factors Handbook Chapter 12 (Update): Intake of Grain Products (PUBLISHED REPORT)
This update includes new information and factors on the intake of grain products that has become available since the <em>Exposure Factors Handbook: 2011 Edition</em> was released. The recommended values for use in risk assessment have been revised, as needed, to reflect this new ...