Office of Research and Development Publications

Records 1 to 25 of 533 Published Reports from ORD published between 08/21/2013 and 08/21/2018

EPA-USDA-USGS Working Meeting on Management Strategies for Reactive Nitrogen and Co-Pollutants (PUBLISHED REPORT)
Scientists and managers from government, academia, NGOs and the private sector came together in June 2014 to review the science and management related to reactive nitrogen and co-pollutants (e.g., phosphorus, sulfur) across the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), U.S. Geologic...
2012 Annual Report to Characterize the Ottawa River Using Physical, Biological, and Chemical Lines of Evidence (PUBLISHED REPORT)
International concern about contaminated sediments is increasing as sustainable practices are needed to maintain water resources and waterways as important economic, commercial, recreational, and community resources. Sediments often serve as long-term sinks for legacy pollutants,...
Standing Operating Procedures (SOP) for the Development of Provisional Advisory Levels (PALs) for Hazardous Chemicals (PUBLISHED REPORT)
Report: This report has been completed under a peer review plan that included internal technical review and external peer review. It distinguishes the types of chemical risk information necessary to support emergency response decisions and emphasizes the importance of having adv...
Exposure Assessment of Livestock Carcass Management Options During a Foreign Animal Disease Outbreak (PUBLISHED REPORT)
Report—Exposure estimates were performed to rank the various livestock carcass management options relative to one another for a hypothetical site and mortality scenario from a potential biological incident. Assessment included an ordinal scale ranking (ranking of individual condi...
Users’ handbook supplement to the guidance document for developing and assessing AOPs (second edition) (PUBLISHED REPORT)
This document represents an internationally reviewed and endorsed “how to” guide for the development of adverse outcome pathways (AOPs) and evaluation of their weight of evidence. Adverse outcome pathway descriptions are used to capture and organize the biological und...
Relationships between Private Domestic Wells and Underground Storage Tanks: Evaluation of Mapping and Plume Transport Tool Implementations (PUBLISHED REPORT)
Well water from private domestic wells (hereafter private wells) is often not tested as private owners are exempt from sampling requirements of the Safe Drinking Water Act. Numerous incidents of contamination of water in private wells have been reported, however. Potential cont...
Predicting patterns of vulnerability to climate change in near coastal species using an algorithm-based risk assessment framework (PUBLISHED REPORT)
Near-coastal (0-200 depth) ecosystems and species are under threat from increasing temperatures, ocean acidification, and sea level rise. However, species vary in their vulnerability to specific climatic changes and climate impacts will vary geographically. For management to resp...
Life Cycle Assessment of Cooking Fuel Systems in India, China, Kenya, and Ghana (PUBLISHED REPORT)
Daily use of traditional cooking fuels and stoves in India, China, Kenya, and Ghana emits harmful air pollutants that result in over a million premature deaths annually. Reducing pollution from cookstoves is a key priority, as emissions from traditional cookstoves and open fires ...
Evaluation of Commercial Wet Vacuums for Anthrax Sampling (PUBLISHED REPORT)
This report by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA’s) Homeland Security Research Program (HSRP) strives to provide expertise and products that can be widely used to prevent, prepare for, and recover from public health and environmental emergencies arising from terrori...
Hydrologic Performance of Retrofit Rain Gardens in a Residential Neighborhood (Cleveland Ohio USA) with a Focus on Monitoring Methods (PUBLISHED REPORT)
Green infrastructure refers to a range of urban stormwater management tools that can be flexibly implemented. These practices can aid in mitigating the negative impacts of runoff by increasing catchment detention capacity. We studied two engineered rain gardens (Cleveland OH) tha...
Magee Scientific Model AE33 Aethalometer (PUBLISHED REPORT)
The Aethalometer™ is used for the real-time measurement of optically-absorbing ‘Black’ or ‘Elemental’ carbon aerosol particles. The name “Aethalometer” is derived from the classical Greek verb ‘aethaloun’ (αεθαλουν), meaning ‘to blacken with soot’. It was conceptualized in 1979, ...
Exposure Pathways to High-Consequence Pathogens in the Wastewater Collection and Treatment Systems (PUBLISHED REPORT)
Report--Provides information and a screening tool to perform an exposure assessment for emerging pathogens in wastewater systems
ECOTOXicology knowledgebase system user guide version 5.0 (PUBLISHED REPORT)
The ECOTOXicology knowledgebase (ECOTOX) is a comprehensive, curated database that summarizes toxicology data from single chemical exposure studies to terrestrial and aquatic organisms. The ECOTOX Knowledgebase provides risk assessors and researchers consistent information on tox...
ECOTOXicology knowledgebase reference guide (PUBLISHED REPORT)
The ECOTOXicology knowledgebase (ECOTOX) is a comprehensive, curated database that summarizes toxicology data from single chemical exposure studies to terrestrial and aquatic organisms. The ECOTOX Knowledgebase provides risk assessors and researchers consistent information on tox...
Evaluation of Diperadipic Acid as a Surface Decontaminant for Spore-Forming Biological Agents (PUBLISHED REPORT)
This report chronicles the study undertaken to evaluate the decontamination efficacy of diperadipic acid, under application conditions that were found to be effective for pH-adjusted bleach (a common sporicidal liquid). The results showed that diperadipic acid demonstrated >6 Lo...
Sampling, Laboratory and Data Considerations for Microbial Data Collected in the Field (PUBLISHED REPORT)
Report: An informational companion to the MicroSAP tool which includes considerations for sampling, analysis, and data interpretation that users might include in a sampling and analysis plan being developed for a microbiological contamination incident.
Exposure Factors Handbook Chapter 12 (Update): Intake of Grain Products (PUBLISHED REPORT)
This update includes new information and factors on the intake of grain products that has become available since the <em>Exposure Factors Handbook: 2011 Edition</em> was released. The recommended values for use in risk assessment have been revised, as needed, to reflect this new ...
Former Chesapeake Supply Brownfield Revitalization: Rapid Health Impact Assessment (PUBLISHED REPORT)
The City of Dover, Delaware, and Kent County are seeking to redevelop a vacant and formerly contaminated property, or brownfield, to spur revitalization in the Downtown Dover area. Given a desire to increase food access in and around Dover, local and state officials sought assist...
Persistence and Decontamination of Radioactive Cesium in a Model Drinking Water System (PUBLISHED REPORT)
The objective of this report was to evaluate the persistence of radioactive cesium-137 (Cs-137), on concrete-lined, copper, and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipe, and possible decontamination approaches. During this study, conditions within operational drinking water pipes were simul...
FY 16 Output SHC 2.61 Ecosystem Goods and Services Production and Benefit Functions Case Studies Report (PUBLISHED REPORT)
In the complex arena of sustainability, where the costs of failure can be high and stakeholders have multiple and sometimes conflicting interests, communities need measurement tools to characterize their current state, develop meaningful goals and quantifiable objectives for the ...
FY 17 Output SHC 2.61 Practical Strategies for Assessing Final Ecosystem Goods and Services in Community Decision Making (PUBLISHED REPORT)
This SHC 2.61.1 Output report (Practical Strategies for Assessing FEGS in Community Decision Making) describes the U.S. EPA&rsquo;s Office of Research and Development&rsquo;s (ORD) research to incorporate the sustainability of final ecosystem goods and services (FEGS) production ...
Exposure Factors Handbook Chapter 19 (Update): Building Characteristics (PUBLISHED REPORT)
This update includes new information and factors on building characteristics that affect exposure in an indoor environment that has become available since the <em>Exposure Factors Handbook: 2011 Edition</em> was released. The recommended values have been revised, as needed, to re...
Subject Matter Expert Panel Review of the Full-Scale Water Security Test Bed (WSTB) (PUBLISHED REPORT)
Report
Operational Testing of Sporicidal Wipes for Decontamination of Surfaces Contaminated with Bacillus Anthracis Surrogate Spores Addendum (PUBLISHED REPORT)
Report
Biofuels and the Environment: The Second Triennial Report to Congress (PUBLISHED REPORT)
This report updates the findings of the first Report to Congress, published in 2011, with respect to environmental and resource conservation impacts, which together are intended to address the Section 204 statutory impacts since the passage of the EISA. This report reflects the c...