Office of Research and Development Publications

Records 1 to 25 of 3042 Journals from ORD published between 08/21/2013 and 08/21/2018

Novel application of normalized pointwise mutual information (NPMI) to mine biomedical literature for gene sets associated with disease: Use case in breast carcinogenesis (JOURNAL)
Advances in technology within biomedical sciences have led to an inundation of data across many fields, raising new challenges in how best to integrate and analyze these resources. For example, rapid chemical screening programs like the US Environmental Protection Agency’s ToxCas...
NMReDATA, a standard to report the NMR assignment and parameters of organic compounds (JOURNAL)
Even though NMR has found countless applications in the field of small molecule characterization, there is no standard file for the NMR data relevant to structure characterization of small molecules. A file format was developed to associate the NMR parameters extracted from 1D an...
Advancing Alternatives Analysis: The Role of Predictive Toxicology in Selecting Safer Chemical Products and Processes (JOURNAL)
Chemical Alternatives analysis (AA) is a method used in chemical regulation and product design to identify, compare, and evaluate the safety and viability of potential substitutes for existing products or processes that use hazardous chemicals. This approach requires toxicologic...
Functional Evaluation of Three Manure-Borne Indicator Bacteria Release Models with Multiyear Field Experiment Data (JOURNAL)
Modeling the fate and transport of Escherichia coli is of substantial interest because of how this organism serves as an indicator of fecal contamination in microbial water quality assessment. The efficacy of models used to assess the export of E. coli from agricultural fields is...
Air Quality Sensors and Data Adjustment Algorithms: When Is It No Longer a Measurement? (JOURNAL)
There currently are a wide variety of approaches emerging to adjust air sensor data, either on the device or more commonly, on a manufacturer's server or cloud. The goal of these adjustments are to correct for measurement artifacts and produce more accurate values. However, most ...
Characterizing the Extent of Spatially Integrated Floodplain and Wetland Systems in the White River, Indiana, USA (JOURNAL)
Floodplain delineation may inform protection of wetland systems under local, state, or federal laws. Nationally available Federal Emergency Management Agency Flood Insurance Rate Maps (FIRMs, “100‐year floodplain” maps) focus on urban areas and higher‐orde...
The Path Towards Healthier Societies, Environments and Economies: A Broader Perspective for Sustainable Engineered Nanomaterials (JOURNAL)
Economic value is no longer adequate by itself as a proxy for the value-added benefits (VAB) assumed to be generated by emerging technologies such as engineered nanomaterials (ENMs). This study was conducted to explore the potential to establish an integrated sociotechnical frame...
LCA capability roadmap--product system model description and revision (JOURNAL)
Life cycle assessment (LCA) practitioners face many challenges in their efforts to describe, share, review, and revise their product system models, and to reproduce the models and results of others. Current life cycle inventory modeling techniques have weaknesses in the areas of ...
Wildland Fire Smoke and Human Health (JOURNAL)
The natural cycle of landscape fire maintains the ecological health of the land, yet adverse health effects associated with exposure to emissions from wildfire produce public health and clinical challenges. Systematic reviews conclude that a positive association exists between ex...
Ecological differences influence the thermal sensitivity of swimming performance of two co-occurring mysid shrimp species with climate change implications (JOURNAL)
Temperature strongly affects performance in ectotherms. As ocean warming continues, performance of marine species will be impacted. Many studies have focused on how warming will impact physiology, life history, and behavior, but few studies have investigated how ecological and be...
Controlling biogenic particle mass with NOx and SOx: A Valentine to the Clean Air Act (JOURNAL)
Models that accurately predict atmospheric composition and correctly respond to tested policy scenarios aid air quality managers in the development of effective strategies to protect human health. Controllable emissions from human activity interact with natural emissions from pla...
Arsenic Speciation of Contaminated Soils/Solid Wastes and Relative Oral Bioavailability in Swine and Mice (JOURNAL)
Arsenic (As) is one of the most widespread, toxic elements in the environment, and human activities have resulted in a large number of contaminated areas. However abundant, the potential of As toxicity from exposure to contaminated soils is limited to the fraction that will disso...
Drainage Area Characterization for Evaluating Green Infrastructure using the Storm Water Management Model (JOURNAL)
Urban stormwater runoff quantity and quality are strongly dependent upon catchment properties. Models are used to simulate the runoff characteristics, but the output from a stormwater management model is dependent on how the catchment area is subdivided and represented as spatial...
Genome-enabled insights into the ecophysiology of the comammox bacterium Ca. Nitrospira nitrosa (JOURNAL)
The recently discovered comammox bacteria have the potential to completely oxidize ammonia to nitrate. These microorganisms are part of the Nitrospira genus and are present in a variety of environments, including Biological Nutrient Removal (BNR) systems. However, the physiologic...
Spatial Patterns of Pharmaceuticals and Wastewater Tracers in the Hudson River Estuary (JOURNAL)
The widespread use of pharmaceuticals by human populations results in their sustained discharge to surface waters via wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). In this study, 16 highly prescribed pharmaceuticals were quantified along a 250 km transect of the Hudson River Estuary and N...
Evaluation of Soil Erosion and Sediment Yield From Ridge Watersheds Leading to Guánica Bay, Puerto Rico, Using the Soil and Water Assessment Tool Model (JOURNAL)
Increased sediment loading to reservoirs and, ultimately, to Guánica Bay and reef areas is a significant concern in Puerto Rico. Sediment deposition has significantly reduced storage capacity of reservoirs, and sediment-attached contaminants can stress corals and negativel...
Inactivation of bacterial biothreat agents in water, a review (JOURNAL)
Journal article
Adsorption of Malathion onto Copper and Iron Surfaces Relevant to Water Infrastructure (JOURNAL)
Journal Article
Decontamination of Bacillus spores adhered to iron and cement-mortar drinking water infrastructure in a model system using disinfectants (JOURNAL)
Journal Article
Benchmarking a 2016 Honda Civic 1.5L Turbo Engine and Evaluating the Future Efficiency Potential of Turbocharged Engines (JOURNAL)
As part of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s continuing assessment of advanced light-duty automotive technologies to support the setting of appropriate national greenhouse gas standards, and to evaluate the impact of new technologies on in-use emissions, a 2016 Honda Civ...
Analysis of Metallic and Metal Oxide Nanomaterial Environmental Emissions (JOURNAL)
The current study presents evidence on metallic and metal oxide engineered nanomaterial (ENM) emissions into the environment and an analytic perspective of the outcomes of evaluated studies with respect to different individual end points along the lifecycle trajectory. The key fi...
The Effects of Metallic Engineered Nanoparticles Upon Plant Systems: An Analytic Examination of Scientific Evidence (JOURNAL)
Recent evidence for the effects of metallic engineered nanoparticles (ENPs) on plants and plant systems was examined together with its implications for other constituents of the Society-Environment-Economy (SEE) system. In this study, we were particularly interested to determine...
Comparison of Mold Populations in Water-Damaged Homes in Australia and the United States (JOURNAL)
The goal of this case study was to examine whether the Environmental Relative Moldiness Index (ERMI) scale created for United States (U.S.) homes was applicable in the assessment of mold contamination for Australian homes. Settled-dust samples were collected in southeastern Aust...
Actively Heated High-Resolution Fiber-Optic Distributed Temperature Sensing to Quantify Flow Dynamics in Zones of Strong Groundwater Upwelling (JOURNAL)
Zones of strong groundwater upwelling to streams enhance thermal stability and moderate thermal extremes, which is particularly important to aquatic ecosystems in a warming climate. Passive thermal tracer methods used to quantify vertical upwelling rates rely on downward conduct...
Does Disposing of Construction and Demolition Debris in Unlined Landfills Impact Groundwater Quality? Evidence from 91 Landfill Sites in Florida (JOURNAL)
More than 1,500 construction and demolition debris (CDD) landfills operate in the United States (U.S.), and U.S. federal regulations do not require containment features such as low-permeability liners and leachate collection systems for these facilities. Here we evaluate groundw...