Science Inventory

Asthma Research Products in the Science Inventory

Records 1 to 25 of 693 records about 'asthma'

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Urban green and built infrastructure as a tool to mitigate local air pollution (PRESENTATION)
Summary of EPA research and resources on how green and built infrastructure affects near-road and urban air quality
Low level Ozone has both respiratory and systemic effects in African-American adolescents with asthma despite asthma controller therapy (JOURNAL)
To the Editor: Short-term exposure to ambient air ozone has long been recognized to have adverse respiratory effects, leading the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to lower the 8-hour National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) to 70 parts per billion (ppb) in 2015 (1). Al...
Finely Resolved On‐Road PM2.5 and Estimated Premature Mortality in Central North Carolina (JOURNAL)
To quantify the on‐road PM2.5‐related premature mortality at a national scale, previous approaches to estimate concentrations at a 12‐km × 12‐km or larger grid cell resolution may not fully characterize concentration hotspots that occur near roadways...
Estimates of Present and Future Asthma Emergency Department Visits Associated With Exposure to Oak, Birch, and Grass Pollen in the United States (JOURNAL)
Pollen is an important environmental cause of allergic asthma episodes. Prior work has established a proof of concept for assessing projected climate change impacts on future oak pollen exposure and associated health impacts. This paper uses additional monitor data and epidemiolo...
Timing of Rat Gestational High-Fat Diet and Sex Determine Increased Susceptibility to Allergic Responses in Offspring (PRESENTATION)
We previously showed offspring from Long-Evans rat dams given a high-fat diet (HFD) before, during, and after pregnancy had increased pulmonary and metabolic responses to acute ozone exposure. Increased susceptibility to allergy and asthma may also result from maternal HFD consum...
Influences Of Asthma And Household Environment On Lung Function Of Children And Adolescents: The Third National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey (Journal) (JOURNAL)
We examined influences of asthma and household environment (passive smoking, gas stove use, and having a dog or cat), on seven measures of spirometric lung function in 8-16 yearold subjects, as measured in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III). ...
Associations between environmental quality and adult asthma prevalence in medical claims data (JOURNAL)
As of 2014, approximately 7.4% of U.S. adults had current asthma. The etiology of asthma is complex, involving genetics, behavior, and environmental factors. To explore the association between cumulative environmental quality and asthma prevalence in U.S. adults, we linked the U....
MECHANISTIC INDICATORS OF CHILDHOOD ASTHMA (MICA) ()
The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is interested in the interplay of environmental and genetic factors on the development and exacerbation of asthma. The Mechanistic Indicators of Childhood Asthma (MICA) study will use exposure measurements and markers of environmental ...
APPLICATION OF VISUAL ANALYTIC TOOLS TO EVALUATE COMPLEX RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AND HEALTH OUTCOMES ()
Characterizing cumulative risk and understanding the complex relationships between environmental exposures and human health outcomes requires collection and analysis of a wide range of data. Information on the characteristics of multiple stressors (chemical, physical, biological...
Asthma Risk Associated with Indoor Mold Contamination in Hispanic Communities in Eastern Coachella Valley, California (JOURNAL)
Indoor-mold exposure has been associated with an increased risk of asthma and respiratory illness. This study investigated respiratory illness, asthma and indoor mold contamination in two low-income, Hispanic communities, Mecca and Coachella City, in the Eastern Coachella Valley...
Source-Apportioned Coarse Particulate Matter Exacerbates Allergic Airway Responses in Mice (JOURNAL)
Exposure to coarse particulate matter (PM) is associated with lung inflammation and exacerbation of respiratory symptoms in sensitive populations, but the degree to which specific emission sources or other components of PM contribute to these effects is unclear. We examined wheth...
Cardiopulmonary effects of fine particulate matter exposure among older adults, during wildfire and non-wildfire periods, in U.S. 2008-2010 (JOURNAL)
Background: The effects of exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) during wildland fires are not well understood in comparison to PM2.5 exposures from other sources. Objectives: We examined the cardiopulmonary effects of short-term exposure to PM2.5 on smoke days and evaluat...
Wildland Fire Smoke and Human Health (JOURNAL)
The natural cycle of landscape fire maintains the ecological health of the land, yet adverse health effects associated with exposure to emissions from wildfire produce public health and clinical challenges. Systematic reviews conclude that a positive association exists between ex...
A Health and Ecological Systems Framework for Vector-Borne Diseases in Puerto Rico (PRESENTATION)
Environmental, social and economic factors can influence public health, but the interactions can be difficult to understand and anticipate. A systems context, that is, a conceptual approach that simultaneously considers environmental, social and economic factors, is essential. Pr...
Highlights from EPA's Wildland Fire Heath Research (PRESENTATION)
This presentation is part of the “Ecological, Human Health, Economic and Social Impacts of Wildland Fires” session. This presentation will highlight the health impacts of wildland fire smoke exposure, and the various facets of ORD’s wildland fire and health rese...
Comparison of Mold Populations in Water-Damaged Homes in Australia and the United States (JOURNAL)
The goal of this case study was to examine whether the Environmental Relative Moldiness Index (ERMI) scale created for United States (U.S.) homes was applicable in the assessment of mold contamination for Australian homes. Settled-dust samples were collected in southeastern Aust...
Effectiveness of a portable air cleaner in removing aerosol particles in homes close to highways (JOURNAL)
Outdoor traffic‐related airborne particles can infiltrate a building and adversely affect the indoor air quality. Limited information is available on the effectiveness of high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filtration of traffic‐related particles. Here, we investig...
Development of a semi-mechanistic allergenic pollen emission model (JOURNAL)
Modeling pollen emission is crucial for studying the spatiotemporal distributions of allergenic pollen. A semi-mechanistic emission model was developed based on mass balance of pollen grain fluxes in the near surroundings of allergenic plants. The emission model consists of direc...
Particle Emissions from Fused Deposition Modeling 3D Printers: Evaluation and Meta-Analysis (2018 NCSOT) (PRESENTATION)
PURPOSE & BACKGROUND Fused deposition modelling (FDM) 3D printers, the most popular choice among home hobbyists, have been shown to release volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and billions of airborne particles per minute, indicating the potential for consumer inhalation expos...
Particle Number Emission Rate Calculations used in Measuring Particle (PRESENTATION)
Fused deposition modeling (FDM) 3D printers, the most popular choice among home hobbyists, have been shown to release volatile organic chemicals (VOCs) and billions of airborne particles per minute, indicating the potential for consumer inhalation exposure and consequent health r...
Development of TracMyAir Smart Phone App for Predicting Exposures to Ambient PM2.5 and Ozone (PRESENTATION)
To better understand human exposure to air pollutants and their potential for adverse health effects, it is important to account for time spent in different indoor and outdoor locations, and the air pollutant concentrations in those locations. Currently available exposure models ...
Particle Emissions from Fused Deposition Modeling 3D Printers: Evaluation and Meta-Analysis (PRESENTATION)
Fused deposition modeling (FDM) 3D printers, the most popular choice among home hobbyists, have been shown to release volatile organic chemicals (VOCs) and billions of airborne particles per minute, indicating the potential for consumer inhalation exposure and consequent health r...
US EPA National Pet Health Survey (PRESENTATION)
As a society, we are interested in living in a clean and safe environment which protects and enhances our health and the health of those under our care. The interaction of chemical and non-chemical stressors from indoor and outdoor environmental exposures can result in unintende...
Role of Fuel and Combustion Conditions on the Chemistry and Cardiopulmonary Toxicity of Smoke from Wildland Fires (PRESENTATION)
Smoke from wildland fires as well as from prescribed, agricultural and domestic wood burning is a significant air quality and public health issue. We have previously assessed lung toxicity of biomass smoke particulate matter (PM) from flaming versus smoldering phases of five diff...
Projecting Changes in Air Quality and Health Impacts Across the U.S. at 2050 and 2090 Using Multiple Scenarios (PRESENTATION)
Several published studies have found that for a given level of precursor pollutant emissions, climate change leads to higher concentrations of ground-level ozone over some continental regions, with resulting increases in ozone-attributable mortality. In those studies, increases ...
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