Related Topics: Health Research

Health Research Products in the Science Inventory

Records 1 to 25 of 5971 records from ORD about 'Health' published between 02/19/2014 and 02/19/2019

2019
A Unified Approach for Protecting Listed Species and Ecosystem Services in Geographically Isolated Wetlands Using Community-Level Protection Goals (JOURNAL)
Geographically Isolated Wetlands (GIWs) are unique geological features that provide habitat for endemic, endangered, and threatened animal and plant species and ecosystem services (ES). GIWs are threatened by a range of chemical contaminants that vary by geographic region and ass...
Abdominal obesity, metabolic dysfunction, and metabolic syndrome in U.S. adolescents: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011–2016 (JOURNAL)
Purpose: The objectives were to use National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data to: 1) estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk factors (elevated blood pressure, triglycerides, blood glucose, and low HDL cholesterol); 2) estimate the prevalence...
Association of Long-term PM2.5 Exposure with Traditional and Novel Lipid Biomarkers Related to Cardiovascular Disease Risk (JOURNAL)
BACKGROUND: Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, particularly for cardiovascular disease. The association between long-term exposure to PM2.5 and measures of lipoprotein subtractions remains unclear. Therefore, we examined...
Characterization of Spatial Air Pollution Patterns Near a Large Railyard Area in Atlanta, Georgia (JOURNAL)
Railyards are important transportation hubs, and they are often situated near populated areas with high co-located density of manufacturing, freight movement and commercial enterprises. Emissions occurring within railyards can affect nearby air quality. To better understand the a...
Coastal habitat change and marine megafauna behavior: Florida manatees encountering reduced food provisions in a prominent winter refuge (JOURNAL)
A decline in submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) within Florida’s spring-fed thermal refuges raises questions about how these systems support winter foraging of Florida manatees Trichechus manatus latirostris. We analyzed telemetry data for 12 manatees over 7 yr to assess th...
Collaborative multi-agency characterization of reservoirs targeted for GLLA remediation in St. Louis River Area of Concern (AOC) (PRESENTATION)
A multi-agency, collaborative effort was completed in the fall of 2016 and summer of 2017 to provide a baseline assessment of pre-remedial conditions. Multiple state and federal agencies (U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), U.S. EPA ORD, U.S. EPA GLNPO, USGS and Minnesota Pollu...
Comparative toxicity of biomass smoke from different fuels and combustion conditions (PRESENTATION)
Peat and eucalyptus smoke produces equivalent toxicity between flaming and· smoldering conditions despite tenfold lower PM concentrations for flaming Smoke from oak combustion is less toxic than that from peat or eucalyptus Smoke inhalation has significant eff...
Comparison of the Sustainability of Bean Production Systems Based on Emergy and Economic Analyses (JOURNAL)
To address increasing demand during the last decades, bean producers have intensified agricultural activities by increasing the use of industrial inputs. Such intensification can impose environmental as well as economic risks to fragile ecosystems. Emergy and economic analyses we...
Conservation planning for species recovery under the Endangered Species Act: A case study with the Northern Spotted Owl (JOURNAL)
The northern spotted owl (Strix occidentalis caurina) was listed as threatened under the U.S. Endangered Species Act (ESA) in 1990. We applied modern spatial conservation theory and models to evaluate several candidate critical habitat networks, and sought an efficient conservati...
Denitrification in the Hyporheic Zone during Base Flow (PRESENTATION)
Excess nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) from human activities have contributed to degradation of coastal waters globally. A growing body of work suggests that hydrologically restoring streams and rivers in agricultural and urban watersheds has potential to increase N and P retenti...
Development of a spatially complete floodplain map of the conterminous United States using random forest (JOURNAL)
Floodplains perform several important ecosystem services, including storing water during precipitation events and reducing peak flows, thus reducing flooding of downstream communities. Understanding the relationship between flood inundation and floodplains is critical for ecosyst...
EnviroAtlas Educational Curriculum: Introduction to Ecosystem Services (PUBLISHED REPORT)
This module promotes student discovery and learning about the interconnectedness of humans and ecosystems. Centered on ecosystem services, these six classroom-ready lessons incorporate use of EnviroAtlas to encourage a systems approach to thinking about the world. This approach p...
Environmental fate of multiwalled carbon nanotubes and graphene oxide across different aquatic ecosystems (JOURNAL)
The industrial use and widespread application of carbon-based nanomaterials have caused a rapid increase in their production over the last decades. However, toxicity of these materials is not fully known and still being investigated for potential human and ecological health risks...
Evaluating the Ecosystem Services and Benefits of Wetland Restoration by Use of the Rapid Benefit Indicators Approach (JOURNAL)
Wetlands in urban and urbanizing areas are often smaller, more degraded, and subject to more stressors than those in undeveloped locations. Their restored level of functioning may never equal that of a site in an undisturbed landscape. Yet, the social benefits from restoring thes...
Evaluation of Equilibrium Passive Sampling Polymers for Monitoring Munition Constituents in Aquatic Systems. (PRESENTATION)
Objectives. A wide array of military munition constituents are present in water bodies surrounding historically deposited unexploded ordnance. A common approach for monitoring explosive constituents involves the collection of large quantities of discrete water samples combined wi...
Extended persistence of general and cattle-associated fecal indicators in marine and freshwater environment (JOURNAL)
Fecal contamination of recreational waters with cattle manure can pose a risk to public health due to the potential presence of various zoonotic pathogens. Fecal indicator bacteria (FIB) have a long history of use in the assessment of recreational water quality, but FIB quantific...
From Assessments to Decisions: How to Leverage Bayesian Networks (PRESENTATION)
Bayesian networks provide powerful and flexible modeling platforms for examining uncertainty and making inferences. They are especially useful for developing models that reflect causal issues such as how a stressor might impact an environmental endpoint of concern or how a decisi...
Host Developmental Toxicity of BPA and BPA Alternatives Is Inversely Related to Microbiota Disruption in Zebrafish (JOURNAL)
Host-associated microbiota can biotransform xenobiotics, mediate health effects of chemical exposure, and play important roles in early development. Bisphenol A (BPA) is a widespread environmental chemical that has been associated with adverse endocrine and neurodevelopmental eff...
In utero exposure to Simvastatin reduces postnatal survival and permanently alters reproductive tract development in the CRL:CD(SD) male rat (JOURNAL)
We showed previously that in utero exposure to the cholesterol-lowering drug simvastatin (SMV) during sex differentiation lowers fetal lipids and testicular testosterone production (T Prod) in Hsd:SD rats. Here, the effects of SMV on fetal lipids and T Prod in Crl:CD(SD) rats wer...
Investigations of per- and polyfluorinated compounds in environmental samples and contemporary products 2019 North Carolina Water Quality Workshop) (PRESENTATION)
This submission is a slide presentation that has already been formerly cleared and presented at the National ACS spring meeting in Boston, MA 2018 (ORD-025841) and the Ground Water Professionals of North Carolina annual meeting in November 2018 (ORD-029090). Changes have been mad...
Long term ecological impacts of oil spills: comparison of Exxon Valdez, Hebei Spirit and Deepwater Horizon (PRESENTATION)
Prior to the Exxon Valdez oil spill (EVOS), ecological impacts were generally thought to be short-term and controlled by the mono-aromatic and less persistent components of oil. The long term ecological impacts of EVOS were compared to two other extensively studied and more recen...
Metals from Natural and Anthropogenic Sources in Puerto Rico Soils (COMMUNICATION PRODUCT)
This Science in Action provides an overview of preliminary studies to determine background metals concentrations in soils of Puerto Rico. A literature and database search was conducted to identify existing data. EPA records were reviewed for all Superfund and RCRA Corrective Acti...
Nutrient Retention and Ecosystem Services of Managed Agricultural Landscapes of the Upper Midwest, USA (COMMUNICATION PRODUCT)
The state of Iowa has set an ambitious goal to reduce nitrogen and phosphorus loading by 45% and maintain agricultural production while providing critical ecosystem services across these landscapes. As our understanding of the close relationship between agricultural practices and...
Polychlorinated biphenyls, polybrominated biphenyls, and brominated flame retardants (BOOK CHAPTER)
Human activities are responsible for the environmental input of many classes of chemicals through industrial, agricultural, and domestic sources. Biomonitoring studies have clearly shown a wide distribution of PCBs, PBBs, and PBDEs in the biosphere, resulting in exposures to almo...
Potential toxicity of complex mixtures in surface waters from a nationwide survey of United States streams: Identifying in vitro bioactivities and causative chemicals (JOURNAL)
While chemical analysis of contaminant mixtures remains an essential component of environmental monitoring, bioactivity-based assessments using in vitro systems increasingly play a role in the detection of possible biological effects. Historically, in vitro assessments focused on...