Related Topics: Air Research

Air Research Products in the Science Inventory

Records 1 to 25 of 2778 records from ORD about 'Air' published between 08/21/2013 and 08/21/2018

2018
2013 NIEHS/EPA Children's Centers Annual Meeting: Protecting Children's Health for a Lifetime (EPA PUBLISHED PROCEEDINGS)
This report includes proceedings from the 2013 NIEHS/EPA Children's Centers Annual Meeting, held in Washington D.C. in October, 2013. Summaries of presentations, speaker biosketches, poster abstracts, and a meeting participant list are all included.
2015 NIEHS/EPA Children's Centers Annual Meeting Report (EPA PUBLISHED PROCEEDINGS)
The report includes proceedings from the 2015 NIEHS/EPA Children's Centers Annual Meeting. The proceedings include presentation summaries, speaker biosketches, poster abstracts, and a list of meeting participants.
A Broad Overview of EPA Protocol Gases (PRESENTATION)
A high level presentation for their senior people, lasting perhaps 45 minutes, covering a history of the protocol program, outcome focused… the why’s and how’s, and how you measure success.
A Chemical Activity Approach to Exposure and Risk Assessment of Chemicals (JOURNAL)
To support the goals articulated in the vision for exposure and risk assessment in the twenty-first century, we highlight the application of a thermodynamic chemical activity approach for the exposure and risk assessment of chemicals in the environment. The present article descri...
A Comparison of Simulated and Field-Derived Leaf Area Index (LAI) and Canopy Height Values from Four Forest Complexes in the Southeastern USA (JOURNAL)
Vegetative leaf area is a critical input to models that simulate human and ecosystem exposure to atmospheric pollutants. Leaf area index (LAI) can be measured in the field or numerically simulated, but all contain some inherent uncertainty that is passed to the exposure assessmen...
A Maieutic Exploration of Nudging Strategies for Regional Climate Applications Using the WRF Model (JOURNAL)
The use of nudging in the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model to constrain regional climate downscaling simulations is gaining in popularity because it can reduce error and improve consistency with the driving data. While some attention has been paid to whether nudging i...
A Proof-of-Concept Approach for Quantifying Multi-Pollutant Health Impacts Using the Open-Source BenMAP-CE Software Program (PRESENTATION)
Background Air pollution risk assessments often employ effect coefficients from epidemiologic studies to quantify the public health impact of changes in air quality. Partly due to data and methodological limitations, epidemiologic studies have traditionally characterized the heal...
A proof-of-concept for linking the global meteorological model, MPAS-A with the air quality model, CMAQ (PRESENTATION)
Researchers who perform air quality modeling studies usually do so on a regional scale. Typically, the boundary conditions are generated by another model which might have a different chemical mechanism, spatial resolution, and/or map projection. Hence, a necessary conversion/inte...
Accountability: Evaluating the Impact of Regulatory Policies on Air Quality, Human Health, and the Environment (PRESENTATION)
This presentation discusses "accountability"; e.g., do emission-control regulations really reduce exposure to pollutants and improve human health? In this presentation, we provide examples of how to examine this and related questions.
Acrolein-induced arrhythmias and autonomic imbalance due to early life persistent vitamin D deficiency in mice is mediated by the putative anti-aging factor klotho. (PRESENTATION)
Although epidemiological, human and animal data have conclusively linked air pollution exposure to adverse cardiovascular outcomes, the severity of responses depends on a number of intrinsic (diet, underlying disease, etc) and extrinsic (e.g. co-stressors) factors. As such, cardi...
Acute Peat Smoke Inhalation Increases Blood Pressure and Cardiac Arrhythmia Risk in Rats (PRESENTATION)
Wildland fires are increasingly linked to adverse health impacts related to poor air quality. For instance, short-term exposure to smoldering peat (SP) air pollution in eastern North Carolina during separate burns in 2008 and 2011 led to increased cardiopulmonary emergency room v...
Adding four-dimensional data assimilation by analysis nudging to the Model for Prediction Across Scales – Atmosphere (version 4.0) (JOURNAL)
The Model for Prediction Across Scales – Atmosphere (MPAS-A) has been modified to allow four-dimensional data assimilation (FDDA) by the nudging of temperature, humidity, and wind toward target values predefined on the MPAS-A computational mesh. The addition of nudging allo...
Additional Benefits of Federal Air-Quality Rules: Model Estimates of Controllable Biogenic Secondary Organic Aerosol (JOURNAL)
Atmospheric models that accurately describe the fate and transport of trace species for the right reasons aid in the development of effective air-quality management strategies that safeguard human health. Controllable emissions facilitate the formation of biogenic secondary organ...
Adrenergic and glucocorticoid receptor antagonists reduce ozone-induced lung injury and inflammation (JOURNAL)
Recent studies showed that the circulating stress hormones, epinephrine and corticosterone/cortisol, are involved in mediating ozone-induced pulmonary effects through the activation of the sympathetic-adrenal-medullary (SAM) and hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axes. Hence, w...
Advancing public participation in scientific research: A framework for leveraging public participation in environmental health and emergency response research (PRESENTATION)
This research paper uses case analysis methods to understand why participants engage in this innovative approach public participation in scientific research, and what they hope that will mean for their community. The research questions that guide this analysis are: 1) what factor...
Air Pollution Exposure Modeling for Epidemiology Studies and Public Health (PRESENTATION)
Air pollution epidemiology studies of ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) often use outdoor concentrations as exposure surrogates. These surrogates can induce exposure error since they do not account for (1) time spent indoors with ambient PM2.5 levels attenuated from outdoor...
Air pollution and neuroendocrine stress-mediated systemic metabolic and inflammatory response (PRESENTATION)
New experimental evidence involving the role of neuroendocrine activation challenges an accepted mechanistic paradigm of how irritant air pollutants induce systemic metabolic impairment and lung injury/inflammation. We focus on recent air pollution studies highlighting how the re...
Air pollution exposure modeling of individuals (PRESENTATION)
Air pollution epidemiology studies of ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) often use outdoor concentrations as exposure surrogates. These surrogates can induce exposure error since they do not account for (1) time spent indoors with ambient PM2.5 levels attenuated from outdoor...
Alternating Gaussian process modulated renewal processes for modeling threshold exceedances and durations (JOURNAL)
It is often of interest to model the incidence and duration of threshold exceedance events for an environmental variable over a set of monitoring locations. Such data arrive over continuous time and can be considered as observations of a two-state process yielding, sequentially, ...
An Automated Heart Rate Detection Platform in Wild-Type Zebrafish for Cardiotoxicity Screening of Fine Particulate Matter Air Pollution (PRESENTATION)
Exposure to air pollution-derived particulate matter (PM) causes adverse cardiovascular health outcomes, with increasing evidence implicating soluble components of PM; however, the enormous number of unique PM samples from different air sheds far exceeds the capacity of conventio...
An integrated environmental and human systems modeling framework for Puget Sound restoration planning (PRESENTATION)
Local, state, federal, tribal and private stakeholders have committed significant resources to restoring Puget Sound’s terrestrial-marine ecosystem. Though jurisdictional issues have promoted a fragmented approach to restoration planning, there is growing recognition that a...
An integrated environmental and human systems modeling framework for Puget Sound restoration planning. (PRESENTATION)
Local, state, federal, tribal and private stakeholders have committed significant resources to restoring Puget Sound’s terrestrial-marine ecosystem. Though jurisdictional issues have promoted a fragmented approach to restoration planning, there is growing recognition that a...
Analyzing mixing systems using a new generation of Bayesian tracer mixing models (JOURNAL)
The ongoing evolution of mixing models has resulted in a confusing array of software tools that differ in terms of data inputs, model assumptions, and associated analytic products. Here we introduce MixSIAR, an inclusive, rich, and flexible open-source Bayesian stable isotope mix...
Application of Climate Assessment Tool (CAT) to Estimate Climate Variability Impacts on Nutrient Loading from Local Watersheds (JOURNAL)
A vast amount of future climate scenario datasets, created by climate models such as general circulation models (GCMs), have been used in conjunction with watershed models to project future climate variability impact on hydrological processes and water quality. However, these low...
Application of a large electronic health record database to study effects of air quality on mortality in a heart failure population (PRESENTATION)
Background: Electronic health records (EHRs) are now a ubiquitous component of the US healthcare system and are attractive for secondary data analysis as they contain detailed and longitudinal clinical records on potentially millions of individuals. However, due to their relative...