Related Topics: Homeland Security Research

Homeland Security Research Products in the Science Inventory

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Records with

  • Organization = ORD-NHSRC,
  • Keyword = decontamination AND conference.
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2020
Tool for Developing Integrated Strategies for Decontamination and Waste Management - Presentation (PRESENTATION)
Management of waste from chemical, biological, and radiological incidents is complicated by the fact that decontamination decisions have a profound impact on the characteristics of resulting waste streams. Wide-area biological and radiological incidents could produce massive quan...
2019
2018 EPA International Decontamination Research and Development Conference (SUMMARY)
On May 8-10, 2018, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA’s) Office of Research and Development’s National Homeland Security Research Center (ORD/NHSRC) hosted the 10th U.S. EPA International Decontamination Research and Development Conference at the EPA facilities in Re...
A Stochastic Model for Evaluating Interconnected Critical Infrastructure Decontamination and Recovery (PRESENTATION)
Large-scale chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) incidents have the potential to impact a wide area that would include core infrastructure assets. In such an event, the impact may extend beyond directly affected infrastructure sectors due to the interconnected n...
An Open Source Quick Response System for Tracking Personnel and Resources (PRESENTATION)
As part of the Homeland Security Research Program’s (HSRP’s) ongoing collaborative efforts with the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and other parts of EPA’s Homeland Security Enterprise, a field test, the Underground Transportation Restoration (UTR) Operational Technology D...
Analyzing U.S. Coast Guard Facilities for Operational Resiliency (PRESENTATION)
The US Coast Guard (USCG) is on the front lines of our Nation’s effort to protect the American people, homeland, and way of life. Through a Department of Homeland Security (DHS) funded research study, the US Coast Guard is working with Homeland Security Research Program at the US...
Assessment of Non-Destructive Decontamination Methodologies for Mixed Porous Surfaces: Aging of Technology under High Humidity and UV Conditions (PRESENTATION)
Power Point presentation: EPA’s Office of Research and Development and Battelle have conducted experimental work to evaluate the efficacy and applicability of several radiological decontamination technologies for deployment in response to a wide-area event, such as a radiologica...
Assessment of the Biosecurity of Animal Mortality Size Reduction Using Horizontal Grinders Prior to On-Farm Composting- Presentation (PRESENTATION)
There is currently an outbreak of African Swine Fever Virus (ASFv) in Asia, a hemorrhagic fever virus, which only affects pigs. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), several states, and the pork industry are concerned that if ASFv were to spread to the U.S. it could cause si...
Brownfields Feud: A game that challenges community engagement assumptions (PRESENTATION)
This presentation highlights our research on the social science of decontamination. It uses ideation to teach the audience about the role of culture in brownfields.
Comparison of Sampling Methods for an Extended Duration Outdoor Biological Study Presentation (PRESENTATION)
Following a bioterrorist attack, materials contaminated with a biological agent pose significant health threats. A six-month outdoor sampling study was conducted using Bacillus globigii (Bg) to compare the spore recovery of traditional vs. emerging sampling methods over time. Bg ...
Control of Emissions from Combustion of Cesium-Contaminated Biomass via Sorbent Injection (PRESENTATION)
In the aftermath of a wide-area radiological contamination incident, there is the potential for the generation of significant quantities of contaminated biomass waste. For example, the 2011 nuclear power plant accident at the Fukushima Daiichi plant in Japan resulted in an estima...
Decontamination Studies Related to Operation of Vehicles in an Area Contaminated with a Biological Agent (PRESENTATION)
This presentation provides the results of the application of this low-tech approach against Bacillus atrophaeus spores (a B. anthracis surrogate) within the interior of a mid-sized sedan. The results of this research will inform the EPA response community as well as other Federal...
Decontamination through a One Health Lens (PRESENTATION)
In an increasingly connected world, integrating a One Health approach is needed to better assess risks posed by biothreat agents and for developing effective, environmentally-sustainable response strategies. One Health recognizes the interaction and interconnectedness of human, a...
Disaster Waste Management (WM) Tools - Improving Their Effectiveness While Minimizing Resource Needs (PRESENTATION)
In response to these needs, several EPA programs and regions have developed WM and sustainable materials management (SMM) related decision support and planning tools. These tools support decisions like where to dispose or recycle the waste and debris, where to stage the waste, a...
EPA’s Integrated Rad Remediation Decision Support Tool (IRRD-ST) to Optimize Radiological Cleanup Decisions (PRESENTATION)
As part of its mission to protect human health and the environment, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) conducts characterization efforts to understand the type, extent, and level of contamination resulting from a chemical, biological, or radiological (CBR) incidents. ...
Electrostatic Sprayer Efficacy for Personnel PPE Bio Decontamination – Mannequin Testing (PRESENTATION)
During personnel decontamination, conventional backpack sprayers are often used to distribute liquid decontaminant over PPE surfaces, and this process generally produces significant volumes of liquid waste and may lead to migration of biological agents..Following a bioterrorism e...
Evaluation of Altered Environmental Conditions as a Decontamination Approach for Non-Spore-Forming Biological Agents (PRESENTATION)
Altered Environmental conditions (temperature and humidity) were evaluated as potential low-tech decontamination approaches. Data are presented in this poster at the EPA International Decontamination Research and Development Conference
Evaluation of Analytical Methods for the Detection of Bacillus anthracis spores: Compatibility with Real-World Samples Collected from Outdoor and Subway Surfaces (PRESENTATION)
Culture- and RV-PCR-based methods were rendered on surface samples collected from NYC subways and above-ground locations spiked with Bacillus anthracis spores. The results demonstrate the utility and limitations of the two methods when challenged with 'real world' sample matrices...
Evaluation of Environmental Fentanyl Contamination and Sampling Effects for Remediating Affected Areas (PRESENTATION)
Fentanyl contamination is widespread from illegal production and usage in urban settings, like houses, apartments, buildings, and cars. After contamination occurs, the affected areas will need to be remediated so that they can be returned to service within the communities. The pr...
Feasibility of a Bioaerosol Sampling Network to Measure Resuspended Spores (PRESENTATION)
This research assessed in silico the feasibility of a bioaerosol sampling network to monitor Bacillus anthracis spore concentrations during the remediation phase following a large-scale biological contamination incident. We modeled the performance and cost of four air sampling st...
Fentanyl Contamination, Exposure, Detection, Risk and Decontamination- Presentation (PRESENTATION)
This presentation will provide an overview of EPA’s role in a fentanyl response and will contain the results from research that was initiated to fill select gaps identified during the development of EPA’s Fentanyl Fact Sheet for OSCs, .At the California Conference of Directors ...
Logistics Modeling of a Wide Area Decontamination Operation using Wash Down Techniques (PRESENTATION)
This presentation discusses is a framework to evaluate the timeline of available decontamination strategies based on resource availability and operating limitations.
Management and Disposal of Vehicles Following a Wide-Area Incident (PRESENTATION)
Large-scale natural disasters have the potential to generate a significant amount of waste. Man-made chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) incidents, either by way of terrorism, war, or accident, have the potential to generate as much or more waste. Furthermore, f...
National Biodefense Strategy Calls for a Robust Decontamination Capability (PRESENTATION)
Develop readily available and scalable technologies and software tools to support water and wastewater infrastructure decontamination and the treatment of contaminated water. Develop and verify plans for all phases of environmental cleanup for facilities, equipment, and the env...
Physical Removal Options for Porous/Permeable Materials Contaminated with a Persistent Chemical Warfare Agent (PRESENTATION)
The Poster on physical removal options for porous materials contaminated with the chemical warfare agent VX. The results of this research will provide the EPA response community as well as other Federal, State, Tribal and Local agencies on tools to decontaminate porous materials ...
Potential Local to Regional Scale Impacts from Wildfire Re-emission of Hypothetical Radiological Contamination Incidents (PRESENTATION)
An Eulerian 3D photochemical transport model was used to estimate potential ambient impacts of Cesium-137 re-emission due to wildfire following hypothetical radiological release scenarios followed by subsequent contamination of forested areas in Denver, CO and Los Angeles, CA. La...
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