Related Topics: Homeland Security Research

Homeland Security Research Products in the Science Inventory

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  • Keyword = ‘homeland security’ AND ‘water security AND (disposal OR 'Water treatment' OR chlorination OR chloramine OR biofilm OR 'chlorine inactivation' OR chloramination) NOT (presentation OR poster).
Records 1 to 25 of 90

Decontamination of Drinking Water Distribution System Infrastructure after Contamination with Untreated Source Water
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : May 31, 2020]
This report summarizes the results of infrastructure decontamination experiments performed at the WSTB. These experiments focused on simulating contamination of drinking water distribution pipes with untreated source water due to a treatment failure at a water treatment facility...
Fire Hydrant Flushing Treatment Diffusser and Effectiveness of Flushing Hydrants for Contamination Removal
(SUMMARY) [Published : Jul 31, 2020]
Flushing contaminated water out of the distribution system using the existing network of fire hydrants is considered the most probable first action in response to a drinking water system contamination incident. Hydrant Flushing and Chlorination experiments were conducted at the W...
Functional categories of microbial toxicity resulting from three advanced oxidation process treatments during management and disposal of contaminated water
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jan 20, 2020]
Contaminated waters could contain harmful chemicals, which present management and disposal challenges. This study investigates three The results indicate that AOP pre-treatment can be a viable strategy to facilitate drain disposal of contaminated waters, but that eco-toxicity may...
Water-On-Wheels (WOW) Mobile Emergency Water Treatment System Cart - User Manual
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Jun 30, 2020]
Treatment Train: •Up to 10 gallons per minute •Pre-filtration to reduce turbidity and improve disinfection •Two media filtration/adsorption tanks for targeted chemical or radiological contaminant removal (e.g. Granular Activated Carbon or Ion Exchange) •UV LED for additional ...
Chlorine and monochloramine disinfection of Legionella pneumophila colonizing copper and PVC drinking water biofilms
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jan 25, 2019]
Building water systems (BWSs) promote the regrowth and survival of opportunistic pathogens, such as Legionella pneumophila, especially within biofilms (BFs), where most drinking water (DW) microbes reside. However, compared to their planktonic (PL) form, disinfection efficacy fo...
Design, Testing, and Deployment of a Mobile Emergency Water Treatment System
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Jun 01, 2019]
This mobile treatment technology system in this study is referred to as the Water-On-Wheels (WOW) Cart. The mobile system originally consisted of a pre-filter, an on-site chlorine generator, and a pump attached to a dolly or frame with wheels. The frame also provided space to st...
Evaluating Solid Sorbents for Recycling Wash Waters Containing Strontium and Calcium
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jan 01, 2019]
A radiological release from a radiological dispersal device (RDD) or an improvised nuclear device (IND) has the potential to contaminate a vast area both near the dispersal epicenter and via atmospheric deposition of small particles containing the more volatile contaminants. Rapi...
(PAPER IN NON-EPA PROCEEDINGS) [Published : Jul 25, 2018]
WNTR integrates hydraulic and water quality simulation, a wide range of damage and response options, and resilience metrics into a single software framework, allowing for end-to-end evaluation of water network resilience. WNTR includes capabilities to 1) generate and modify water...
Decontamination of Bacillus Spores from Drinking Water Infrastructure with Physical Removal (Pigging)
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Sep 25, 2018]
This report summarizes the results of biological decontamination experiments performed at the WSTB focused on removing Bacillus globigii spores adhered to the inner surface of the 8-inch water pipe. B. globigii spores are a non-pathogenic surrogate for B. anthracis, which is the...
Electrolyte Selection and Microbial Toxicity for Electrochemical Oxidative Water Treatment Using a Boron-doped Diamond Anode to Support Site Specific Contamination Incident Response
(JOURNAL) [Published : Apr 06, 2018]
This journal article study addresses such concerns by demonstrating successful boron-doped diamond (BDD) electrochemical advanced oxidation process (AOP) pre-treatment for contaminated waters prior to discharge to wastewater treatment facilities.
Electrophoretic mobility of Legionella pneumophila serogroups 1 to 14
(JOURNAL) [Published : Mar 16, 2018]
Journal Article
Evaluation of and environmentally sustainable UV-assisted water treatment system for removal of Bacillus spores in water
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jun 29, 2018]
In both developing and industrialized nations, a growing number of contaminants are entering water supplies from human activities. In addition, the events of September 11, 2001, in the United States have raised concerns about the potential for intentional contamination of water s...
Persistence and Decontamination of Radioactive Cesium in a Model Drinking Water System
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Jul 17, 2018]
The objective of this report was to evaluate the persistence of radioactive cesium-137 (Cs-137), on concrete-lined, copper, and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipe, and possible decontamination approaches. During this study, conditions within operational drinking water pipes were simul...
Adsorption of Malathion onto Copper and Iron Surfaces Relevant to Water Infrastructure
(JOURNAL) [Published : Nov 01, 2017]
This study investigated the adsorption of malathion to copper and iron surfaces including pipe specimens similar to those in drinking water infrastructure.
CANARY Eases Water Quality Event Detection
(JOURNAL) [Published : Apr 01, 2017]
CANARY is a free EPA software product used to enhance the detection of contamination incidents in distribution systems (i.e. Event Detection System) using typical water quality sensors such as those measuring free chlorine, total organic carbon, and electrical conductivity. Worki...
EPA's Water Security Test Bed
(SUMMARY) [Published : Apr 18, 2017]
Technical Brief
Testing and Evaluation of the Solstreme™ X35 TM Portable UV Water Treatment Unit
(SUMMARY) [Published : Oct 31, 2017]
The Solstreme™ X35 ™ultraviolet (UV) germicidal water treatment unit first appeared on the market as a commercial product in 2013. The X35 unit is light weight and can be transported easily to the site of an emergency response. The unit is easy to use and can be quickly connected...
Enhancing climate Adaptation Capacity for Drinking Water Treatment Facilities
(JOURNAL) [Published : Jan 07, 2016]
Journal article
Incorporating a Capability for Estimating Inhalation Doses in TEVA-SPOT
(PUBLISHED REPORT) [Published : Aug 08, 2016]
Report and Data Files