||CalTOX(Trade Name): A Multimedia Total Exposure Model for Hazardous Waste Sites (Version 2.3) (on Diskette).
||California Environmental Protection Agency, Sacramento. Office of Scientific Affairs.
Hazardous materials ;
Waste disposal ;
Risk assessment ;
Soil contamination ;
Environmental transport ;
Ecological concentration ;
Environmental exposure pathway ;
Toxic substances ;
Organic compounds ;
Chemical composition ;
Maximum acceptable contamination ;
Health hazards ;
Land pollution control ;
Site surveys ;
CalTOX computer model ;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
CalTOX is an innovative spreadsheet model that relates the concentration of an organic chemical in soil to the risk of an adverse health effect for a person living or working on or near the contaminated soil. It computes site-specific health-based soil clean-up concentrations given target risk levels or human health risks given soil concentrations at the site. The CalTOX spreadsheet contains a multimedia transport and transformation model that uses equations based on conservation of mass and chemical equilibrium. The model predicts the time-dependent concentrations of a chemical in the eight environmental compartments of air, surface water, groundwater, three soil layers, sediment, and plants at a site. After partitioning the concentration of the chemical to these environmental compartments, CalTOX determines the chemical concentration in the exposure media of breathing zone air, drinking water, food, and soil that people inhale, ingest and contact dermally. CalTOX then uses the equations found in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund (US EPA RAGS) to estimate exposure and risk. CalTOX has the capability of conducting Monte Carlo simulations with a spreadsheet add-in program. Used in this way, CalTOX will present a range of risks or health-based soil target clean-up levels that reflect the uncertainty/variability of the estimates. The Science Advisory Board of the US Environmental Protection Agency has lauded CalTOX as 'potentially the most advanced of all the models ... with respect to exposure'. The Risk Assessment Advisory Committee convened by the California state legislature favorably reviewed CalTOX as a new tool that carries out 'risk assessment activities better than could be done with existing tools'. To obtain meaningful results, CalTOX users must have a solid understanding of the risk assessment including toxicology, environmental transport of chemicals, the RAGS process and probabilistic methods for estimating
risk. Therefore, experience with EXCEL spreadsheets and telecommunications computer BBS is advisable. For additional information, call the NTIS Automatic Fax Service, dial (703) 487-4146, enter mailbox no. 700, and product code no. 9550.
||Requires Windows 3.1, 95, or NT running Microsoft Excel 4 or higher with spreadsheet add-in for stochastic modeling, and 2 MB hard disk space. Using CalTOX requires knowledge of environmental fate and transport and risk assessment. Supersedes PB95-500146 and PB95-500153. See also PB96-963502, PB96-963505, PB90-155581 and PB92-963333,.
||The software is on one diskette, 1.44M high density. Documentation included; may be ordered separately as PB97-185060, PB95-100475, PB95-100467. Order this product from NTIS by: phone at 1-800-553-NTIS (U.S. customers); (703)605-6000 (other countries); fax at (703)321-8547; and email at firstname.lastname@example.org. NTIS is located at 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA, 22161, USA.
||68G#; 68C; 57U#; 57Y