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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Effects of Ultraviolet-B Radiation on the Growth and Yield of Crop Plants.
Author Teramura, A. H. ;
CORP Author Maryland Univ., College Park. Dept. of Botany.;Corvallis Environmental Research Lab., Or.
Year Published 1983
Report Number EPA-R-808035; EPA-600/J-83-109;
Stock Number PB84-124908
Additional Subjects Plants(Botany) ; Ultraviolet radiation ; Anatomy ; Growth ; Farm crops ; Physiological effects ; Morphology ; Yield ; Reprints ;
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NTIS  PB84-124908 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 06/23/1988
Collation 16p
Abstract The paper reviews growth chamber, greenhouse, and field studies on the effects of ultraviolet B (UV-B, between 280 and 320 nm) radiation on agricultural crop plants. The understanding of the physiological effects of UV-B radiation comes primarily from growth chamber studies where UV-B is artificially supplied via filtered lamps. Both photosystems I and II, as well as carboxylating enzymes, are sensitive to UV-B radiation. Ultraviolet B radiation also affects stomatal resistance, chlorophyll concentration, soluable leaf proteins, lipids, and carbohydrate pools. In general, the effects of UV-B radiation are accentuated by the low levels of visible radiation typically found inside growth chambers. Ultraviolet-B radiation has also been shown to affect anatomical and morphological plant characteristics. Commonly observed UV-B induced changes include plant stunting, reductions in leaf area and total biomass and alterations in the pattern of biomass partitioning into various plant organs.
Availability Notes Pub. in Physiologia Plantarum 58, p415-427 1983.
NTIS Title Notes Journal article.
Title Annotations Reprint: Effects of Ultraviolet-B Radiation on the Growth and Yield of Crop Plants.
PUB Date Free Form c1983
Category Codes 6R; 6C; 57V; 57C
NTIS Prices Not available NTIS
Primary Description 600/02
Document Type NT
Cataloging Source NTIS/MT
Control Number 404822354
Origin NTIS
Type CAT