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RECORD NUMBER: 283 OF 646

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Institutional Controls Case Study: Grand Junction.
CORP Author Environmental Law Inst., Washington, DC.; Department of Energy, Washington, DC.; Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC.
Year Published 1999
Report Number ELI-941736; EPA-CR-822795-01; DE-FC01-97EW1409
Stock Number PB2010-106750
Additional Subjects Uranium ; Mill tailings ; Colorado River ; Ground water ; Contamination ; Remedial action ; Site surveys ; Sewers ; Waste disposal ; Construction ; US EPA ; Pollution regulations ; Cleaning ; Risk ; Exposure ; Case studies ; Institutional controls ; Grand Junction(Colorado)
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NTIS  PB2010-106750 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 09/22/2010
Collation 42p
Abstract The Climax Uranium Company processed uranium ore on the banks of the Colorado River in Grand Junction, Colorado from 1951 until 1970. As a result of its operations, the mill produced 2.2 million tons of tailings, most of which were deposited in an on-site tailings pile that covered approximately 114 acres. Approximately 300,000 tons of tailings were, however, removed from the site and used as construction and fill material throughout the Grand Junction area. The City of Grand Junction used the tailings as fill when installing sewer and water lines, and businesses and homeowners used tailings as fill during construction. These, and other sites where tailings were used for construction or deposited through erosion, are known as vicinity properties (VPs). Uranium mill tailings emit radon gas, which presents a risk to human health. Congress provided for the remediation of uranium mills and their associated tailings in the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act (UMTRCA) of 1978. The statute provides for certain institutional controls, including Department of Energy ownership and management of tailings disposal sites and annotation of land records or similar notification to prospective purchasers of mill sites. The statute also authorizes the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to set standards to govern the cleanup of mill sites and the associated vicinity properties. These regulations include requirements for institutional controls if natural flushing is chosen as the remedy for contaminated groundwater.
Supplementary Notes Sponsored by Department of Energy, Washington, DC. and Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC.
Availability Notes Product reproduced from digital image. Order this product from NTIS by: phone at 1-800-553-NTIS (U.S. customers); (703)605-6000 (other countries); fax at (703)605-6900; and email at orders@ntis.gov. NTIS is located at 5301 Shawnee Road, Alexandria, VA, 22312, USA.
PUB Date Free Form 1999
Category Codes 68D; 68F; 77G
NTIS Prices PC A04/MF A04
Document Type NT
Cataloging Source NTIS/MT
Control Number 109202550
Origin NTIS
Type CAT