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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Collection of Pyrethroids in Water and Sediment Matrices: Development and Validation of a Standard Operation Procedure.
Author M. L. Hladik ; J. L. Orlando ; K. M. Kuivila
CORP Author Geological Survey, Reston, VA.; Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC.
Year Published 2009
Report Number USGS-SIR-2009-5012
Stock Number PB2009-113615
Additional Subjects Insecticides ; Water matrices ; Sediment matrices ; Development ; Validation ; Figures ; Tables (Data) ; Experimental design ; Experimental methodology ; Sampling devices ; Quality control ; Pyrethroid ; Standard operating procedures
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NTIS  PB2009-113615 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 09/09/2010
Collation 34p
Abstract Loss of pyrethroid insecticides onto surfaces during sample collection can confound the interpretation of analytical and toxicity test results. Sample collection devices, container materials, and water matrix composition have a significant influence on the association of pyrethroids to container walls, which can be as high as 50 percent. Any sample collection method involving transfer through multiple containers or pieces of equipment increases the potential for pyrethroid loss. This loose surface-association with container walls can be reversed through agitation. When sampling water matrices with pumps or autosamplers, no pyrethroids were lost as long as the water was moving continuously through the system. When collecting water matrices in containers, the material with the least amount of pyrethroid sorption is as follows: glass less than (<) plastic less than (<) Teflon. Additionally, pyrethroids were easier to re-suspend from the glass container walls. Since the amount of surface-association is proportional to the ratio of volume-to-contact-area of the sample, taking larger-volume field samples (greater than 3 liters) reduced pyrethroid losses to less than 10 percent. The amount of surface-association cannot be predicted easily because of the dependence on water matrix composition; samples with higher dissolved organic carbon or suspended-sediment concentrations were observed to have lower percent loss. Sediment samples were not affected by glass-container sorption (the only containers tested). Standardized sample-collection protocols are critical to yield accurate pyrethroid concentrations for assessment of potential effects, and have been summarized in an accompanying standard operating procedure.
Supplementary Notes Prepared in cooperation with Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC.
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PUB Date Free Form 2009
Category Codes 68D; 57P; 57Y; 99A
NTIS Prices PC A04/MF A04
Document Type NT
Cataloging Source NTIS/MT
Control Number 028700650
Origin NTIS
Type CAT