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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Helium isotope variations in peridotite, gabbro and basalt from the Kane Oceanic Core Complex /
Author Konrad, Kevin,
Publisher Oregon State University,
Year Published 2012
OCLC Number 881386775
Subjects Helium--Isotopes. ; Mid-ocean ridges. ; Peridotite. ; Gabbro. ; Basalt. ; Submarine geology.
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
ELBM  QD181.H4K66 2012 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 06/16/2014
Collation 82 pages : illustrations (some colored) ; 28 cm
Notes Thesis (M.S.)--Oregon State University, 2013. Includes bibliographical references (pages 50-53).
Contents Notes The Kane Oceanic Core Complex (OCC) is a valuable window into crustal architecture and chemical composition of the lithosphere beneath a slow-spreading ocean ridge. A suite of > 30 samples (comprised of whole rocks, mineral separates and basalt glasses) has been analyzed for 3He/4He isotope ratios and He concentrations. Gas extraction experiments included crushing in vacuum, step heating and fusion in a high-vacuum furnace. We found 3He/4He in the two freshest peridotites (harzburgite and olivine websterite) to be identical to ratios measured in basalt glasses collected from the Kane fracture zone-ridge axis intersection (8.4-8.7 R[subscript A]). Notably, the freshest and least deformed peridotite (a porphyroclastic harzburgite) has the highest helium content of any of the OCC ultramafic rocks (170 ncc STP/g), while the majority of its helium (70%) is released only upon melting. Lower helium contents (1-45 ncc STP/g) and more variable 3He/4He (2.0-6.3 R[subscript A]) are found in other more altered/deformed peridotite samples (whole rocks, clinopyroxene and orthopyroxene separates). For example, three mylonitized peridotites have lower helium contents compared to the less deformed peridotites. Troctolite intrusions from the Adam and Eve Domes appear to record very late-stage melt impregnation fed through dunite conduits near the MOHO. 3He/4He in these troctolites overlaps with values in the fresh peridotites and axial basalts, but extends to slightly higher values (8.6-9.0 RA). Collectively, fresh Kane peridotites and troctolites having He concentrations above 10 ncc STP/g show 3He/4He ratios of 8.4-9.0 RA that are higher than the median value (8.0-8.2 R[subscript A]) for mid-ocean ridge basalts. This suggests that domains of depleted upper mantle in the Kane region tend to have 3He/4He ratios of 9 RA or higher, similar to what is observed in the most trace-element depleted MORBs globally. Kane gabbroic rocks are more variable in 3He/4He. A subset of gabbros show systematically lower 3He/4He ratios (0.9-7.2 R[subscript A]), with He concentrations of 1-24 ncc STP/g, reflecting the increased importance of atmospheric and radiogenic components in several cases. Nonetheless, two whole rock gabbroic samples plus an amphibole separate have 3He/4He ratios of 7.6-8.0 R[subscript A] and He contents between 13 and 57 ncc STP/g. Variation in the sampling of a lithologically heterogeneous mantle source by the partial melting process may account for the observed 3He/4He variability of 7.6-9.0 R[subscript A] in peridotite, gabbro and basalt in the Kane area.
Place Published Corvallis, Or.
Access Notes Also available online.
PUB Date Free Form ©2012
BIB Level m
Medium unmediated
Content text
Carrier volume
Cataloging Source RDA
OCLC Time Stamp 20140613130349
Language eng
Origin OCLC
Type CAT
OCLC Rec Leader 03823nam 2200361Ki 45020