||Ammonia Effects on Microinvertebrates and Fish in Outdoor Experimental Streams.
Hermanutz, R. O. ;
Hedtke, S. F. ;
Arthur, J. W. ;
Andrew, R. W. ;
Allen, K. N. ;
||Environmental Research Lab.-Duluth, Monticello, MN. Monticello Ecological Research Station. ;Saint Olaf Coll., Northfield, MN.
Stream pollution ;
Water quality ;
Cat fishes ;
Water pollution effects(Animals) ;
Water pollution sampling
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
||Laboratory data on ammonia effects, the US EPA national water quality criteria for ammonia, and ammonia site-specific criteria were evaluated in four outdoor experimental streams (one control and three treatment streams) over a 76-week period. Calculated un-ionized ammonia concentrations varied daily and seasonally according to pH and temperature changes. Populations of four major microinvertebrate taxonomic groups (cladocerans, copepods, rotifers and protozoans) were monitored during a 4-week period early in the study, and six fish species (fathead minnows, bluegills, channel catfish, white suckers, walleyes, and rainbow trout) were tested for various time intervals, from 4 to 26 weeks, throughout the 76-week study period. (Copyright (c) Elsevier Applied Science Publishers Ltd, England, 1987.)
||Pub. in Environmental Pollution 47, p249-283 Nov 87. Prepared in cooperation with Saint Olaf Coll., Northfield, MN.
|NTIS Title Notes
||Reprint: Ammonia Effects on Microinvertebrates and Fish in Outdoor Experimental Streams.
|PUB Date Free Form
||PC A03/MF A01