||Comparative Analysis of Health Risk Assessments for Municipal Waste Combustors.
Levin, A. ;
Fratt, D. B. ;
Leonard, A. ;
Bruins, R. J. F. ;
Fradkin, L. ;
||Alliance Technologies Corp., Lowell, MA. ;ChemCycle Corp., Boston, MA.;Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH. Environmental Criteria and Assessment Office.
Risk assessment ;
Air pollution effects(Humans) ;
Public health ;
Waste disposal ;
Municipal wastes ;
Atmospheric diffusion ;
New Source Performance Standards ;
Standards compliance ;
Aromatic polycyclic hydrocarbons ;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
||Quantitative health risk assessments have been performed for a number of proposed municipal waste combustor (MWC) facilities over the past several years. The article presents the results of a comparative analysis of a total of 21 risk assessments, focusing on seven of the most comprehensive methodologies. The analysis concentrates on stack emissions of noncriteria pollutants and is comparative rather than critical in nature. Overall, the risk assessment methodologies used were similar whereas the assumptions and input values used varied from study to study. Some of the variability results directly from differences in site-specific characteristics, but much of it is due to absence of data, lack of field validation, lack of specific guidelines from regulatory agencies, and reliance on professional judgment. The results indicate that carcinogenic risks are more significant than chronic non-carcinogenic risks. In most instances polychlorodibenzodioxins, polychlorodibenzofurans, and cadmium contribute more significantly to the total carcinogenic risk from MWC stack emissions than other contaminants. In addition, the contribution to total risk of all indirect routes of exposure (ingestion and dermal contact) exceeds that of the direct inhalation route for most studies reviewed. (Copyright (c) 1991-Air & Waste Management Association.)
||Pub. in Jnl. of Air Waste Management Association, v41 n1 p20-31 1991. Prepared in cooperation with ChemCycle Corp., Boston, MA. Sponsored by Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH. Environmental Criteria and Assessment Office.
|NTIS Title Notes
||Reprint: Comparative Analysis of Health Risk Assessments for Municipal Waste Combustors.
||68G; 68A; 68C; 57U; 57Y
||PC A03/MF A01