||Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) for Fecal Coliform in the Waters of Little Campbell Creek in Anchorage, Alaska.
||Alaska State Dept. of Environmental Conservation, Anchorage.; Environmental Protection Agency, Seattle, WA. Region X.
Water quality ;
Coliform bacteria ;
Water sampling ;
Water pollution monitoring ;
Surface waters ;
Data inventory ;
Data analysis ;
Load allocation ;
Wasteload allocation ;
Critical conditions ;
Seasonal variation ;
Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) ;
Little Campbell Creek ;
Designated use impacts ;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
||Little Campbell Creek is located in the Municipality of Anchorage (MOA), the urban center of the Anchorage Bowl in southcentral Alaska. The state of Alaska included Little Campbell Creek on its 1998 303(d) list as water quality-limited due to fecal coliform, identifying urban runoff as the expected pollutant source. A Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) is established in this document to meet the requirements of Section 303(d)(1)(C) of the Clean Water Act and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agencys (EPA) implementing regulations (40 CFR Part 130), which require the establishment of a TMDL for the achievement of water quality standards when a waterbody is water quality-limited. A TMDL is composed of the sum of individual waste load allocations (WLAs) for point sources and load allocations (LAs) for nonpoint sources and natural background loads. In addition, the TMDL must include a margin of safety (MOS), either implicitly or explicitly, that accounts for the uncertainty in the relationship between pollutant loads and the quality of the receiving waterbody. A TMDL represents the amount of a pollutant the waterbody can assimilate while maintaining compliance with applicable water quality standards. Applicable water quality standards for fecal coliform in Little Campbell Creek establish water quality criterion for the protection of designated uses for water supply, water recreation, and growth and propagation of fish, shellfish, other aquatic life, and wildlife. The TMDL is developed for the most stringent of these the fecal coliform criteria for drinking, culinary, and food processing water supply that states that in a 30-day period, the geometric mean may not exceed 20 FC/100 mL, and not more than 10% of the samples may exceed 40 FC/100 mL. (18 AAC 70.020(b)(2)(A)(i)).
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