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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title A state-of-the-art report on intake technologies /
Author Ray, S. S. ; Snipes, R. L. ; Tomljanovich., D. A.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Snipes, R. L.,
Tomljanovich, D. A.,
CORP Author Tennessee Valley Authority, Chattanooga. Power Research Staff.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, N.C.
Publisher Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory ; For sale by the National Technical Information Service,
Year Published 1976
Report Number EPA-600/7-76-020; PRS-16
Stock Number PB-264 874
OCLC Number 03811883
ISBN pbk.
Subjects Electric power-plants--United States--Water-supply. ; Fishes. ; Electric power-plants--Water-supply.
Additional Subjects Electric power plants ; Cooling water ; Water intakes ; Fishes ; Water pollution ; Design ; Performance evaluation ; Barriers ; Protectors ; Entrainment ; Impingement ; Mortality ; Water flow ; Volume ; Recommendations ; Wind tunnels ; Evaporation ; Larvae ; Protection ; Animal behavior ; Reviews
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJAD  EPA 600/7-76-020 Region 3 Library/Philadelphia, PA 03/15/1996
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-7-76-020 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 04/21/2014
EKAM  EPA 600/7-76-020 Region 4 Library/Atlanta,GA 07/08/1994
EKBD  EPA-600/7-76-020 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 10/17/2003
ESAD  EPA 600-7-76-020 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-264 874 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 01/01/1988
Collation viii, 83 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Abstract The report presents an updated evaluation of mechanisms and intake designs for reducing the number of fish entrained and impinged at water intake facilities. These mechanisms consist of intake configurations, behavioral barriers for guiding fish past intake entrances, physical screening devices to physically remove or divert fish from cooling water intakes, and fish removal systems to evacuate fish already within the intake area. The report summarizes evaluations of available intake technologies. More importantly, it presents results of recent tests and studies. Where promising mechanisms are identified, recommendations are made with regard to tests needed to demonstrate the viability of a mechanism for protecting fish in a particular situation. The report considers reducing fish losses both at large-volume, once-through cooling water intakes and at lower-volume intakes at plants requiring only makeup water to replace losses due to cooling tower blowdown and evaporation. In evaluating devices for reducing impingement and entrainment, consideration was given to devices and designs that can protect very small fish and larval eggs.
Notes Prepared by the Tennessee Valley Authority under EPA Interagency Agreement No. D5-E-721, Program Element No. EHB531. Issued Oct. 1976. Includes bibliographical references (p. 76-82).
Place Published Research Triangle Park, N.C. Springfield, Va.
Access Notes Also available via the World Wide Web.
Corporate Au Added Ent Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory (Research Triangle Park, N.C.); Tennessee Valley Authority.
Corp Au Ser Add Ent United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Interagency energy-environment research and development program report ; EPA-600/7-76-020.
PUB Date Free Form 1976
Series Title Untraced Interagency energy-environment research and development program report ; EPA-600/7-76-020
NTIS Prices PC A05/MF A01
BIB Level m
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
OCLC Time Stamp 20140415080420
Language eng
SUDOCS Number EP 1.23/8:600/7-76-020
Origin OCLC
OCLC Rec Leader 02106cam 2200445Ii 45020