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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Human enteric virus survival in soil : following irrigation with sewage plant effluents /
Author Sagik, Bernard P. ; Moore, Barbara E. ; Sorber, Charles A.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Moore, Barbara E.
Sorber, Charles A.
CORP Author Texas Univ. at San Antonio. Center for Applied Research and Technology.;Health Effects Research Lab., Cincinnati, OH.
Publisher Health Effects Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1980
Report Number EPA/600/1-80/004; EPA-R-803844-03
Stock Number PB80-207426
Subjects Sewage irrigation. ; Enteroviruses. ; Pathogenic microorganisms. ; Water reuse. ; Enterovirus Infections. ; Enterovirus Infections--prevention & control. ; Enterovirus--pathogenicity. ; Soil Pollutants--analysis. ; Waste Disposal, Fluid. ; Water Pollutants--analysis.
Additional Subjects Enteroviruses ; Waste disposal ; Sewage treatment ; Waste treatment ; Public health ; Water resources ; Lysimeters ; Humans ; Soils ; Texas ; Efficacy ; Evaluation ; Coliform ; Bacteriophages ; Water pollution ; Monitoring ; Southwest Region(United States) ; Kerrville(Texas) ; Uvalde(Texas) ; Water pollution control
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB80-207426 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 01/01/1988
Collation 154 pages : illustrations.
Abstract The wastewater treatment processes at Kerrville and Uvalde, Texas, were evaluated in terms of their efficacy in reducing human enteric viruses. (Data on the reduction of TOC, BOD5, suspended solids, orthophosphate, nitrogenous compounds, total coliform, fecal coliform, and bacteriophage were also obtained). Enteric viruses were reduced by greater than 99% at Kerrville and at least 99% at Uvalde. These waters are used for irrigation without disinfection. Soil samples at the Kerrville and Uvalde application sites yielded both fecal coliforms and bacteriophages. In addition, two confirmed enterovirus isolations were made at the Kerrville site. Lysimeters placed 1.5 ft, 3.0 ft, and 4.5 ft depths at the Kerrville site yielded large numbers of bacteriophage isolates. In addition, ten lysimeter samples yielded a total of 29 confirmed viral isolates. This is a strikingly high number of isolations of indigenous enteric viruses, relative to the irrigation pond which was demonstrably low in viruses (when assayed on the same cell lines). Cell changes (CPE) but no confirmed isolations were made from five monitoring wells. These studies of wastewater treatment plants processing dilute to moderate strength sewage in efficient treatment schemes represent a 'best possible case' for the use of undisinfected, domestic wastewater effluents for irrigation. The isolation of enteroviruses in water from lysimeters but not from the monitoring wells suggests that depth to groundwater should be a critical factor in the selection of irrigation sites. From data developed in this study, it appears that a depth of 4.5 ft is not sufficient for effective viral attenuation in soils such as those described in this report.
Notes EPA-600/1-80-004. "Grant no. R-803." Performing organization, Center for Applied Research and Technology, the University of Texas at San Antonio. Microfiche.
Place Published Cincinnati, Ohio
Corporate Au Added Ent Health Effects Research Laboratory (Cincinnati, Ohio); University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio. Center for Applied Research and Technology.
PUB Date Free Form {1980}
Series Title Traced Research reporting series - Office of Research and Development, U. S. Environmental Protection Agency
Series Title Untraced Research reporting series - Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
NTIS Prices PC A08/MF A01
BIB Level m
Medium microform
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
OCLC Time Stamp 20020118140238
Language eng
Origin NTIS
OCLC Rec Leader 01877nam 2200433Ka 45020