||Cost of emission reduction technologies for category 3 marine diesel engines : final report /
||ICF International, Inc., Fairfax, VA.; Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Transportation and Air Quality.
|| U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Transportation and Air Quality, Assessment and Standards Division,
Marine diesel motors--Standards--United States. ;
Emission reduction ;
Marine engines ;
Diesel engines ;
Exhaust gases ;
Marine transportation ;
Nitrogen oxides ;
Pollution regulations ;
Sulfur oxides ;
Category 3 marine rule
||PDF file on file
||NVFEL Library/Ann Arbor, MI
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
||1 online resource ( pages) : color illustrations, color charts
||In December 2007, EPA published an Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking to enact more stringent exhaust emission standards for engines on ocean going vessels. New NOx and SOx exhaust emission standards were discussed for engines on Category 3 marine vessels. Two new tiers of NOx standards have recently been adopted by the IMO. Tier II NOx standards are roughly 20 percent lower than the existing Tier I NOx standards set by the International Maritime Organization in Annex VI. To meet these standards, in-cylinder emission control approaches such as electronically controlled high pressure common rail fuel systems, turbocharger optimization, compression ratio changes and electronically controlled exhaust valves could be used. Tier III NOx standards which only apply in designated Emission Control Areas are roughly 80 percent below Tier I NOx standards and would likely require exhaust aftertreatment such as selective catalytic reduction (SCR). Other approaches that may be considered to reduce NOx emissions from Category 3 vessel engines are exhaust gas recirculation and water technologies such as direct water injection or fumigation.
||Title from title screen (viewed on May 16, 2014). "EPA-420-R-09-008." "May 2009." Includes bibliographical references. EPA contract Contract Number: no. EP-C06094, work assignment
||Sponsored by Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Transportation and Air Quality.
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|Corporate Au Added Ent
||ICF International,; United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Transportation and Air Quality. Assessment and Standards Division,
|PUB Date Free Form
||68A; 85G; 81D
|OCLC Time Stamp
|OCLC Rec Leader
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