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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Cost of benzene reduction in gasoline to the petroleum refining industry /
Author Turner, F. C. ; Felten, J. R. ; Kittrell., J. R.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Felten, J. R.,
Kittrell, J. R.
CORP Author Little (Arthur D.), Inc., Cambridge, Mass.;Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, N.C. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards.
Publisher Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air and Waste Management, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards ; For sale by the National Technical Information Service,
Year Published 1978
Report Number EPA-450/2-78-021; EPA-68-02-2859
Stock Number PB-282 743
OCLC Number 05020826
ISBN pbk.
Subjects Benzene as fuel. ; Gasoline. ; Petroleum--Refining.
Additional Subjects Petroleum industry ; Benzene ; Gasoline ; Refineries ; Cost analysis ; Capitalized costs ; Gas reservoirs ; Technology ; Reduction
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJAD  EPA 450/2-78-021 Region 3 Library/Philadelphia, PA 09/30/1994
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 450-2-78-021 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 12/15/2014
EKAM  EPA 450/2-78-021 Region 4 Library/Atlanta,GA 07/17/1998
EKBD  EPA-450/2-78-021 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 08/13/1999
ERAD  EPA 450/2-78-021 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 01/28/2013
NTIS  PB-282 743 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 01/01/1988
Collation approximately 250 pages in various pagings : illustrations ; 28 cm.
Abstract This report assesses the cost to the U.S. petroleum industry of removing benzene from the two largest contributors to the benzene levels in the gasoline pool - refinery reformates and FCC gasoline. Predictions were made of the 1981 gasoline pool composition and the benzene content of gasoline component streams. A process route was selected for each stream and the benzene removal costs in 1977 dollars were developed. Removal of 94.5 percent benzene from reformates and FCC gasoline would reduce U.S. average benzene content from 1.37 percent to 0.26 percent. This would require an investment of $5.3 billion and total costs of $2.5 billion per year including capital recovery, or 2.2 cents per gallon of gasoline. Costs for some small refineries would be up to 7 cents per gallon of gasoline or three times the U.S. average costs. These costs are for benzene removal only, and do not include costs of octane replacement, volume replacement or the effect on the chemical industry. When these other factors are considered, it is roughly estimated that the total costs including capital recovery would be $3.8 billion per year or 3.3 cents/gallon of gasoline.
Notes Contract no. 68-02-2859. Apr. 1978. Includes bibliographical references.
Place Published Research Triangle Park, N.C. Springfield, Va.
Access Notes Also available via the World Wide Web.
Corporate Au Added Ent United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards.; Arthur D. Little, Inc.
PUB Date Free Form 1978
Series Title Untraced EPA ; 450/2-78-021
NTIS Prices PC A11/MF A01
BIB Level m
Medium unmediated
Content text
Carrier volume
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
OCLC Time Stamp 20141211113959
Language eng
SUDOCS Number EP 1.2:B 44
Origin OCLC
OCLC Rec Leader 02017cam 2200469Ii 45020