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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Benefits of maintaining a chlorine residual in water supply systems /
Author Snead, Michael C. ; Olivieri, Vincent P. ; Kruse, Cornelius W. ; Kawata, Kazuyoshi
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Snead, Michael C.
CORP Author Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD. School of Hygiene and Public Health.;Municipal Environmental Research Lab., Cincinnati, OH. Wastewater Research Div.
Publisher Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ; Available through the National Technical Information Service,
Year Published 1980
Report Number EPA-R-804307; EPA-600/2-80-010
Stock Number PB81-110892
Subjects Chlorine. ; Drinking water--Contamination. ; Water--Microbiology. ; Water--Bacteriology
Additional Subjects Potable water ; Chlorination ; Coliform bacteria ; Shigella ; Salmonella ; pH ; Temperature ; Concentration(Composition) ; Drinking water ; Water pollution control
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB81-110892 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 01/01/1988
Collation xiii, 175 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm.
Abstract The protection afforded the water consumer by the maintenance of a chlorine residual in water distribution systems was evaluated in laboratory holding tanks and reservoirs and existing municipal water distribution systems. In the laboratory studies, tap water, adjusted to the appropriate pH, temperature, and chlorine residual, was challenged with varying levels of autoclaved sewage seeded with Shigella, Salmonella coliforms, poliovirus 1, and f2 bacterial virus. Comparative survivals of these microorganisms were evaluated over two hour periods. As expected microbial inactivation was increased by lower pH, higher temperature, higher initial chlorine concentration, and lower sewage concentration. An initial free chlorine concentration was more effective than an equivalent initial combined chlorine residual. The maintenance of a free chlorine residual was found to be the single most effective measure for maintaining a low plate count in the distribution system. More than 6000 plate count isolates were studied and classified into functional groups based on seven biochemical characteristics.
Notes Prepared for U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory, Cincinnati, Ohio, submitted by the Johns Hopkins University, under grant no. R804307. Includes bibliographical references (pages 102-106). Microfiche.
Place Published Cincinnati, Ohio :
Corporate Au Added Ent Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory. ; Johns Hopkins University.
Title Ser Add Ent Research reporting series Environmental protection technology ;
PUB Date Free Form 1980.
Series Title Untraced Environmental protection technology series ; EPA-600/2-80-010
NTIS Prices PC A09/MF A01
BIB Level m
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
OCLC Time Stamp 20020117173435
Language eng
Origin NTIS
OCLC Rec Leader 01536nam 2200301Ki 45020