||Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990-2002 (Includes Annexes).
||Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC.
||15 Apr 2004
Greenhouse gases ;
Climatic change ;
United States ;
Industrial sector ;
Agricultural sector ;
Carbon dioxide ;
Nitrous oxides ;
Water vapor ;
Global warming ;
Air pollution sources ;
Land use ;
UNFCC(United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change)
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
Central to any study of climate change is the development of an emissions inventory that identifies and quantifies a country's primary anthropogenic sources and sinks of greenhouse gases. This inventory adheres to both (1) a comprehensive and detailed methodology for estimating sources and sinks of anthropogenic greenhouse gases, and (2) a common and consistent mechanism that enables signatory countries to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to compare the relative contribution of different emission sources and greenhouse gases to climate change. Moreover, systematically and consistently estimating national and international emissions is a prerequisite for accounting for reductions and evaluating mitigation strategies. In 1992, the United States signed and ratifi ed the UNFCCC. The ultimate objective of the UNFCCC is 'to achieve, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Convention, stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system. Such a level should be achieved within a time-frame sufficient to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change, to ensure that food production is not threatened and to enable economic development to proceed in a sustainable manner.' Parties to the Convention, by ratifying, 'shall develop, periodically update, publish and make availablenational inventories of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of all greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol, using comparable methodologies' The United States views this report as an opportunity to fulfill these commitments. This chapter summarizes the latest information on U.S. anthropogenic greenhouse gas emission trends from 1990 through 2002. To ensure that the U.S. emissions inventory is comparable to those of other UNFCCC Parties, the estimates presented here were calculated using methodologies consistent with
those recommended in the Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (IPCC/UNEP/OECD/IEA 1997) and the IPCC Good Practice Guidance and Uncertainty Management in National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (IPCC 2000). The structure of this report is consistent with the new UNFCCC guidelines for inventory reporting. For most source categories, the IPCC methodologies were expanded, resulting in a more comprehensive and detailed estimate of emissions.
||See also report for 1990-2001, PB2005-105896 and 1990-2003, PB2005-105895.
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||68A; 55C; 97R