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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Relationship of Drinking Water Chlorination and Serum Lipids in Human Populations.
Author Zeighami, E. A. ; Watson, A. P. ; Craun, G. C. ;
CORP Author Oak Ridge National Lab., TN.;Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH.;Department of Energy, Washington, DC.
Year Published 1987
Report Number CONF-870524-1; AC05-84OR21400;
Stock Number DE87013873
Additional Subjects Blood Pressure ; Cardiovascular Diseases ; Drinking Water ; Monocarboxylic Acids ; Thyroid ; Calcium Compounds ; Chlorination ; Response Modifying Factors ; Risk Assessment ; Water Chemistry ; Wisconsin ; ERDA/550600 ; ERDA/550900 ; ERDA/570000
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  DE87013873 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 06/21/1988
Collation 20p
Abstract This research tests hypotheses concerning the relationship between drinking water characteristics and the cardiovascular disease risk factors blood pressure and serum lipids, as well as thyroid function. The study used a cross-sectional survey design to examine the characteristics of the cardiovascular disease risk factors in residents of forty-six small communities in central Wisconsin. Twenty of the communities chlorinated the water supply, and twenty-six did not. Within each of the chlorination groups, approximately half the communities had hard water and the other half had soft drinking water. This report examines the relationship of chlorination to serum lipid levels in the forty-six communities. Serum cholesterol levels were significantly higher in chlorinated communities for females. Levels of serum cholesterol were also higher in chlorinated communities for males, but the difference was not as great, nor was it statistically significant. LDL levels were higher in chlorinated communities, but did not reach statistical significance for either sex. Levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol were related to calcium level of the drinking water within the hardness categories, but only in the chlorinated communities. Thus chlorine and calcium level in the drinking water may interact in some way which affects levels of HDL cholesterol. 24 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs. (ERA citation 13:012615)
Supplementary Notes Conference on water chlorination: environmental impact and health effects, Oak Ridge, TN, USA, 3 May 1987.
Availability Notes Paper copy only, copy does not permit microfiche production.
PUB Date Free Form 1987
Category Codes 57U; 68G; 68D
NTIS Prices PC A03
Document Type NT
Cataloging Source NTIS/MT
Control Number 811307732
Origin NTIS
Type CAT