||Statistical Assessment: Two Laboratory Tests for Estimating Performance of Shoreline Cleaning Agents for Oil Spills.
Clayton, J. R. ;
Renard, E. P. ;
||Science Applications International Corp., San Diego, CA.;Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH. Risk Reduction Engineering Lab.
||26 Apr 93
Cleaning agents ;
Oil spills ;
Statistical methods ;
Performance testing ;
Crude oil ;
Oil pollution containment ;
Experimental design ;
Research programs ;
Land pollution control ;
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ;
Arctic and Marine Oil Spill Program ;
Shoreline cleaning agent
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
||Chemical cleaning agents are an option that can be used to mitigate detrimental effects of stranded oil on natural shorelines under appropriate circumstances. Such agents would be used because of biological sensitivity of indigenous fauna and flora to stranded oil, amenity considerations of a shoreline, or concern about refloating of oil and subsequent stranding on adjacent shorelines. However, prior to the use of cleaning agents at a spill site, information regarding the performance of available cleaning agents must be known (e.g., the relative performance of agents for removing stranded oil from surfaces). Experiments were conducted in support of EPA's Risk Reduction Engineering Laboratory with two test methods (the Inclined Trough and the Swirling Coupon) and two substrates (stainless steel and porcelain tile) to evaluate performance of cleaning agents. Tests were performed with two types of oil (Prudhoe Bay crude and Bunker C) and three commercially available cleaning agents (Corexit 9580, Citrikleen XPC, and Corexit 7664). Separate measurements were madein all tests for oil released into the wash water and oil remaining on substrate surfaces. Statistical analyses of the effects of experimental variables (test method, substrate type, oil type, cleaning agent type, and analytical wavelength in UV-visible spectrophotometric measurements) on values of cleaning performance are presented and discussed.
||Presented at the Arctic and Marine Oil Spill Program (AMPO) Technical Seminar (16th), Alberta, Canada, June 6-7, 1993, v2 p877-907. Sponsored by Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH. Risk Reduction Engineering Lab.
|NTIS Title Notes
||Reprint: Statistical Assessment: Two Laboratory Tests for Estimating Performance of Shoreline Cleaning Agents for Oil Spills.
||68C; 68D; 99F; 97R; 94K
||PC A03/MF A01