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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Effects of Cadmium on the Shrimps, 'Penaeus duorarum', 'Palaemonetes pugio' and 'Palaemonetes vulgaris'.
Author Nimmo, Del Wayne R. ; Lightner, Donald V. ; Bahner., Lowell H. ;
CORP Author Environmental Research Lab., Gulf Breeze, Fla. ;Arizona Univ., Tucson. Environmental Research Lab.
Year Published 1977
Report Number EPA/600/J-77/017;
Stock Number PB-268 569
Additional Subjects Cadmium ; Shrimps ; Toxic tolerances ; Water pollution ; Concentration(Composition) ; Exposure ; Bioassay ; Feeding stuffs ; Sea water ; Histology ; Residues ; Tissues(Biology) ; Toxicity ; Reprints ; Palaemonetes vulgaris ; Penaeus duorarum ; Bioaccumulation ; Artemia
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB-268 569 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 06/23/1988
Collation 54p
Abstract Data from this experiment show that grass shrimp, Palaemonetes vulgaris, were acutely and chronically more sensitive to cadmium than the pink shrimp, Penaeus duorarum. Bioaccumulation of cadmium from water occurred at concentrations as low as 2 micrograms/l in P. duorarum and 7.9 micrograms/l in P. vulgaris. Pink shrimp, exposed to cadmium concentrations near LC50's, consistently developed blackened foci or blackened lamelae on the branchia. When the brine shrimp, Artemia, containing Cd were used as food, the transfer of Cd to grass shrimp was much less efficient than transfer of Cd directly from the water. To produce equivalent whole-body residues in the shrimp, about 15,000 times more Cd must be introduced in food than could be obtained from seawater.
Supplementary Notes Prepared in cooperation with Arizona Univ., Tucson. Environmental Research Lab.
Availability Notes Pub. in Physiological Responses of Marine Biota to Pollutants, p131-183 1977.
NTIS Title Notes Final rept..
Title Annotations Reprint: Effects of Cadmium on the Shrimps, 'Penaeus duorarum', 'Palaemonetes pugio' and 'Palaemonetes vulgaris'.
PUB Date Free Form 1977
Category Codes 13B; 6T; 6C; 68D; 57Y; 98F
NTIS Prices Not available NTIS
Primary Description 600/04
Document Type NT
Cataloging Source NTIS/MT
Control Number 323719767
Origin NTIS
Type CAT