||Mutagenicity and Chemical Analysis of Emissions for the Open Burning of Scrap Rubber Tires.
DeMarini, D. M. ;
Lemieux, P. M. ;
Ryan, J. V. ;
Brooks, L. R. ;
Williams., R. W. ;
||Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC. ;Acurex Environmental Corp., Research Triangle Park, NC. ;Environmental Health Research and Testing, Inc., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Chemical analysis ;
Open burning ;
Air pollution effects(Humans) ;
Toxic substances ;
Combustion products ;
Pathogenic bacteria ;
Dose-response relationships ;
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons ;
Liquid column chromatography ;
Field tests ;
Burning rate ;
Sythetic elastomers ;
Mutagenic emission factors ;
Bioassay-directed fractionation ;
HPLC(High performance liquid chromatography) ;
Semivolatile organics ;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
||The Salmonella mutagenicity assay and chemical analyses were used to evaluate the emissions from the open burning of scrap rubber tires that had been cut into either of two sizes, CHUNK or SHRED. A wide variety of Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was detected in the particulate organics. The mutagenic emission factor for the open burning of scrap rubber tires (approximately 8 x 10 to the 7th power revertants/kg of tire burned) was 3-4 orders of magnitude greater than the values for the combustion of oil, coal, or wood in utility boilers; it was most similar to values for the open burning of wood or plastic. These results demonstrate for the first time that the open burning of scrap rubber tires produces a high mutagenic emission factor, posing potential environmental and health effects. (Copyright (c) 1993 American Chemical Society.)
||Pub. in Environmental Science and Technology v28 n4 p136-141 Jan 94. Prepared in cooperation with Acurex Environmental Corp., Research Triangle Park, NC. and Environmental Health Research and Testing, Inc., Research Triangle Park, NC.
|NTIS Title Notes
||Reprint: Mutagenicity and Chemical Analysis of Emissions for the Open Burning of Scrap Rubber Tires.
||68A; 57F; 57Y; 85H; 81A
||PC A02/MF A01