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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Pollution effects of abnormal operations in iron and steel making /
Author Carpenter, B. H. ; VanOsdell, D. W. ; Coy, D. W. ; Jablin., R. ;
CORP Author Research Triangle Inst., Research Triangle Park, N.C.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, N.C.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory ; Available to the public through the National Technical Information Service,
Year Published 1978
Report Number EPA 600-2-78-118a; EPA 600-2-78-118b; EPA 600-2-78-118c; EPA 600-2-78-118d; EPA 600-2-78-118e; EPA 600-2-78-118f; EPA/600/2-78/118a-f; EPA/600/2-77/118a-f; EPA-68-02-2186
Stock Number PB-284 049
OCLC Number 07750388
Subjects Steel-works--United States--Production model. ; Air--Pollution--United States. ; Water--Pollution--United States.
Additional Subjects Air pollution control ; Iron and steel industry ; Water pollution control ; Technology ; Abnormalities ; Forecasting ; Industrial engineering ; Sintering ; Blast furnaces ; Electric arc furnaces ; Openhearth furnaces ; Concentration(Composition) ; Abnormal operating conditions ; Basic oxygen process
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Volume I. https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPDF.cgi?Dockey=9101834T.PDF
Volume VI. https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPDF.cgi?Dockey=910183FS.PDF
Volume II. https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPDF.cgi?Dockey=91018376.PDF
Volume III. https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPDF.cgi?Dockey=9101839V.PDF
Volume IV. https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPDF.cgi?Dockey=910183CQ.PDF
Volume V. https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPDF.cgi?Dockey=910183EK.PDF
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EHAM  EPA/600/2-78/118a-f Region 1 Library/Boston,MA 05/25/2016
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-2-78-118a vol.1 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 03/22/2019
EJBD  EPA 600-2-78-118a vol.1 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 03/22/2019
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-2-78-118b vol.2 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 03/28/2019
EJBD  EPA 600-2-78-118b vol.2 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 03/28/2019
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-2-78-118c vol.3 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 03/28/2019
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-2-78-118d vol.4 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 03/28/2019
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-2-78-118e vol.5 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 03/28/2019
EJBD  EPA 600-2-78-118e vol.5 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 03/28/2019
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-2-78-118f vol.6 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 03/28/2019
EKAM  600/2-78/118 (6 vols.) Region 4 Library/Atlanta,GA 10/22/1999
EKBD  EPA-600/2-78-118a-f Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 06/27/2003
ESAD  EPA 600-2-78-118 a-f Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 08/01/2017
NTIS  PB-284 049 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 06/23/1988
Collation 6 volumes : illustrations ; 28 cm.
Abstract The report is the first in a six-volume series considering abnormal operating conditions (AOCs) in the primary section (sintering, blast furnace ironmaking, open hearth, electric furnace, and basic oxygen steelmaking) of an integrated iron and steel plant. Pollution standards, generally based on controlling discharges during normal (steady-state) operation of a process and control system, are often exceeded during upsets in operation. Such periods of abnormal operation are becoming recognized as contributing to excess air emissions and water discharges. In general, an AOC includes process and control equipment startup and shutdown, substantial variations in operating practice and process variables, and outages for maintenance. The volume evaluates the magnitude of pollutants emitted during AOCs. Compared to normal controlled emission rates from the processes, the increases due to AOCs are estimated to be significant. The volume describes the methodology used to gather data for the study and sources of information. Numerous pollution control agencies and manufacturing plants were visited. Though most jurisdictions have regulations requiring reporting of spills, malfunctions, etc., there is a wide variation in the procedures and records kept. Without systematic recordkeeping, it is difficult to determine the causes of problems and identify corrective action.
Notes "Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Energy, Minerals, and Industry." "Research Triangle Institute." "June 1978." Includes bibliographical references. "Contract no. 68-02-2188, program element no. 1AB604."
Contents Notes v. 1. Technical report / by B.H. Carpenter [and others] -- v. 2. Sintering, manual of practice / by B.H. Carpenter [and others] -- v. 3. Blast furnace ironmaking, manual of practice / by R. Jablin [and others] -- v. 4. Open hearth furnace, manual of practice / by D.W. VanOsdell [and others] -- v. 5. Electric arc furnace, manual of practice / by D.W. VanOsdell [and others] --v. 6. Basic oxygen process, manual of practice / D.W. Coy [and others].
Place Published Research Triangle Park, N.C. Springfield, Va.
Supplementary Notes See also Volume 2, PB-284 050.
Availability Notes Also available in set of 6 reports PC E13, PB-284 048-SET.
Access Notes Also available via World Wide Web.
Corporate Au Added Ent United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Research and Development.; Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory (Research Triangle Park, N.C.); Research Triangle Institute.
Title Ser Add Ent Research reporting series. Environmental protection technology ; EPA-600/2-78-118 a-f.
NTIS Title Notes Final rept. Oct 76-Jan 78.
PUB Date Free Form 1978
Series Title Traced Research reporting series Environmental protection technology ; EPA-600/2-78-118 a-f
Series Title Untraced Research reporting series. 2, Environmental protection technology ; EPA-600/2-78-118 a-f
Category Codes 13B; 68A; 68D
NTIS Prices PC A05/MF A01
Primary Description 600/13
BIB Level m
Medium unmediated
Content text
Carrier volume
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
Control Number 323745266
OCLC Time Stamp 20170718070345
Language eng
SUDOCS Number EP 1.23/2:600/2-78-118 a-f; EP 1.23/2:600/2-78-118; EP 1.23/2:600/2-78-118 A-F
Origin OCLC
OCLC Rec Leader 03337cam 2200625Ia 45010